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New Technologies and Human Rights

Thérèse Murphy (ed.)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199562572
eISBN:
9780191705328
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562572.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The first IVF baby was born in the 1970s. Less than twenty years later, cloning and GM food were popular talking-points, and information and communication technologies had transformed everyday life. ... More


Introduction

Steven Casper

in Creating Silicon Valley in Europe: Public Policy Towards New Technology Industries

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269525
eISBN:
9780191710025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269525.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

How easily can governments alter the industrial structure of economies? This introductory chapter explores competing perspectives on the ability of governments to promote competitiveness within new ... More


Research Strategies in the New Environment

Eric Tanenbaum and Elinor Scarbrough

in Research Strategies in the Social Sciences: A Guide to New Approaches

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292371
eISBN:
9780191600159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292376.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

An overview of how the environment of social science research has changed because of increased computing power and the development of techniques that, together, have allowed for the development of ... More


Operations, Productivity, and Technological Change

Terry Gourvish

in British Rail 1974–1997: From Integration to Privatisation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199250059
eISBN:
9780191719516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250059.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter discusses the various aspects of British Rail's operations. Topics covered include passenger pricing and marketing, freight pricing and marketing, operating costs and productivity, trade ... More


Future directions in polar limnology

Johanna Laybourn-Parry and Warwick F. Vincent

in Polar Lakes and Rivers: Limnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199213887
eISBN:
9780191707506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213887.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

This concluding chapter identifies some of the emerging concepts and technologies that will drive future advances in polar limnology. These include the increased awareness of climate and related ... More


Evaluating Recent Industrial Policy (1973–1990)

JAMES E. VESTAL

in Planning for Change: Industrial Policy and Japanese Economic Development, 1945–1990

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198290278
eISBN:
9780191684814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198290278.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business, Political Economy

This chapter evaluates the efficacy of industrial policy in the 1970s and the 1980s, examining both the rationality of such policy and its impact. It seems probable that industrial policy acted as a ... More


Human Dignity, Ethical Pluralism, and the Regulation of Modern Biotechnologies

Roger Brownsword

in New Technologies and Human Rights

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199562572
eISBN:
9780191705328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562572.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter describes two human rights challenges generated by new technologies. The first is that the presence of three sometimes conflicting ethics (utilitarianism, dignitarianism, and human ... More


Engineering the brain

Kenneth R. Foster

in Neuroethics: Defining the issues in theory, practice, and policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198567219
eISBN:
9780191724084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567219.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter examines the ethical issues raised by new technologies that allow investigators to monitor and control the brain, and how they are distinctive from those raised by other medical ... More


Diffusion of health technologies: evidence from the pharmaceutical sector

Victoria Serra-Sastre and Alistair McGuire

in The Economics of New Health Technologies: Incentives, organization, and financing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199550685
eISBN:
9780191720543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550685.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses the role of technology diffusion in the area of pharmaceutical treatments. It is an up-to-date literature review of the main determinants of technology diffusion, including a ... More


IBM Rises from the Ashes

Marc H. Meyer

in The Fast Path to Corporate Growth: Leveraging Knowledge and Technologies to New Market Applications

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195180862
eISBN:
9780199851270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195180862.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

There are few examples of reshaping a withering traditional enterprise as dramatic as IBM's renewal of its mainframe computer business. It is perhaps the greatest industrial turnaround story in ... More


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