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New Technologies and Human Rights

Thérèse Murphy (ed.)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199562572
eISBN:
9780191705328
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562572.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The first IVF baby was born in the 1970s. Less than twenty years later, cloning and GM food were popular talking-points, and information and communication technologies had transformed everyday life. ... More


Introduction

Steven Casper

in Creating Silicon Valley in Europe: Public Policy Towards New Technology Industries

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269525
eISBN:
9780191710025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269525.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

How easily can governments alter the industrial structure of economies? This introductory chapter explores competing perspectives on the ability of governments to promote competitiveness within new ... More


Research Strategies in the New Environment

Eric Tanenbaum and Elinor Scarbrough

in Research Strategies in the Social Sciences: A Guide to New Approaches

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292371
eISBN:
9780191600159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292376.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

An overview of how the environment of social science research has changed because of increased computing power and the development of techniques that, together, have allowed for the development of ... More


Operations, Productivity, and Technological Change

Terry Gourvish

in British Rail 1974–1997: From Integration to Privatisation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199250059
eISBN:
9780191719516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250059.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter discusses the various aspects of British Rail's operations. Topics covered include passenger pricing and marketing, freight pricing and marketing, operating costs and productivity, trade ... More


‘Beautiful patterns of bits’: cybernetics, interfaces, new media

Caroline Bassett

in The Arc and the Machine: Narrative and New Media

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719073427
eISBN:
9781781700907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719073427.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter explores how the connections between technology and culture have been drawn — and may be drawn — in relation to new media technologies. One key issue here is how and why newly introduced ... More


Future directions in polar limnology

Johanna Laybourn-Parry and Warwick F. Vincent

in Polar Lakes and Rivers: Limnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199213887
eISBN:
9780191707506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213887.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

This concluding chapter identifies some of the emerging concepts and technologies that will drive future advances in polar limnology. These include the increased awareness of climate and related ... More


Evaluating Recent Industrial Policy (1973–1990)

JAMES E. VESTAL

in Planning for Change: Industrial Policy and Japanese Economic Development, 1945–1990

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198290278
eISBN:
9780191684814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198290278.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business, Political Economy

This chapter evaluates the efficacy of industrial policy in the 1970s and the 1980s, examining both the rationality of such policy and its impact. It seems probable that industrial policy acted as a ... More


Human Dignity, Ethical Pluralism, and the Regulation of Modern Biotechnologies

Roger Brownsword

in New Technologies and Human Rights

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199562572
eISBN:
9780191705328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562572.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter describes two human rights challenges generated by new technologies. The first is that the presence of three sometimes conflicting ethics (utilitarianism, dignitarianism, and human ... More


Engineering the brain

Kenneth R. Foster

in Neuroethics: Defining the issues in theory, practice, and policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198567219
eISBN:
9780191724084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567219.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter examines the ethical issues raised by new technologies that allow investigators to monitor and control the brain, and how they are distinctive from those raised by other medical ... More


Diffusion of health technologies: evidence from the pharmaceutical sector

Victoria Serra-Sastre and Alistair McGuire

in The Economics of New Health Technologies: Incentives, organization, and financing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199550685
eISBN:
9780191720543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550685.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses the role of technology diffusion in the area of pharmaceutical treatments. It is an up-to-date literature review of the main determinants of technology diffusion, including a ... More


IBM Rises from the Ashes

Marc H. Meyer

in The Fast Path to Corporate Growth: Leveraging Knowledge and Technologies to New Market Applications

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195180862
eISBN:
9780199851270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195180862.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

There are few examples of reshaping a withering traditional enterprise as dramatic as IBM's renewal of its mainframe computer business. It is perhaps the greatest industrial turnaround story in ... More


The power of observation

Marian Stamp Dawkins

in Observing Animal Behaviour: design and analysis of quantitative data

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198569350
eISBN:
9780191717512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569350.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Observation is a powerful, if often neglected, method of studying animal behaviour that is particularly valuable in studying animals in the wild, in zoos, on farms, or anywhere where experimental ... More


The Learning Imperative

Alan Burton-Jones

in Knowledge Capitalism: Business, Work, and Learning in the New Economy

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198296225
eISBN:
9780191685217
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198296225.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management, Strategy

Work and learning are becoming increasingly interrelated and interdependent and there is now this notion that education should be a preparation for work. The need for a new synthesis of education and ... More


Factor Creation in Special Steels

Geoffrey Tweedale

in Steel City: Entrepreneurship, Strategy, and Technology in Sheffield 1743-1993

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198288664
eISBN:
9780191684623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198288664.003.0022
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

The crucible steel and tool trades in Sheffield reached a boom during the 1850s. The monopoly that Sheffield had on steel technology, along with how its cutlery industry dominated and the expansions ... More


Japanese Industrial Policy, Past and Future

JAMES E. VESTAL

in Planning for Change: Industrial Policy and Japanese Economic Development, 1945–1990

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198290278
eISBN:
9780191684814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198290278.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business, Political Economy

This chapter contains concluding observations and qualifications about the importance of industrial policy for both developing and developed nations. Over the last four and a half decades, industrial ... More


The Defining Features of the European Union’s Approach to Regulating New Health Technologies

Gordon Bache, Mark L Flear, and Tamara K Hervey

in European Law and New Health Technologies

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199659210
eISBN:
9780191748165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659210.003.0002
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Medical Law

This chapter determines the defining features of the relationships between EU law and new health technologies. It begins by mapping out the key elements of EU regulation of new health technologies. ... More


A European Law of New Health Technologies?

Mark L Flear, Anne‐Maree Farrell, Tamara K Hervey, and Thérèse Murphy

in European Law and New Health Technologies

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199659210
eISBN:
9780191748165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659210.003.0018
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Medical Law

This chapter reflects on the relationships between European law and new health technologies. In so doing, it asks a further question: To what extent does the current investigation define a new field ... More


European Law and New Health Technologies: The Research Agenda

Mark L Flear, Anne‐Maree Farrell, Tamara K Hervey, and Thérèse Murphy

in European Law and New Health Technologies

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199659210
eISBN:
9780191748165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659210.003.0001
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Medical Law

This chapter first sets out the book's principal objective, which is to analyzes European law and its relationships with new health technologies. The collective research agenda focuses on the ... More


Afterword: Class Work/Homework

Karen W. Tice

in Queens of Academe: Beauty Pageants and Campus Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199842780
eISBN:
9780199933440
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199842780.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

This chapter examines the diverse effects of campus beauty pageants for affirming and disrupting restrictive gender/race/class dynamics on campus. It discusses the effects of neo-liberalism, ... More


Reassembling animal evolution: a four-dimensional puzzle

Maximilian J. Telford, D. Timothy, and J. Littlewood

in Animal Evolution: Genomes, Fossils, and Trees

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199549429
eISBN:
9780191721601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549429.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Developmental Biology

Drawing from the recent literature and the contributions in this volume this chapter considers some of the recent progress made in the study of animal evolution and the hurdles that remain. Modern ... More


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