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Beyond Neurotransmission: Neuromodulation and its Importance for Information Processing

Paul Katz (ed.)

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524243
eISBN:
9780191724435
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524243.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

There are many modes of communication that neurons use to transmit information besides what has come to be called neurotransmission. Many of these other types of communication can be classified as ... More


The Synapse: Function, Plasticity, and Neurotrophism

Motoy Kuno

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198546870
eISBN:
9780191724350
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198546870.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The synapse not only provides a bridge from one nerve cell to the next; its function can be modified by experience, making it important for learning and memory. This overview of the synapse provides ... More


Dopamine Dysfunction in Schizophrenia: From Genetic Susceptibility to Cognitive Impairment

Heike Tost, Shabnam Hakimi, and Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg

in Dopamine Handbook

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373035
eISBN:
9780199865543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373035.003.0039
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, History of Neuroscience

This chapter provides an overview of the causes and effects of dopamine dysfunction in schizophrenia. In doing so, it summarizes historical perspectives and our current scientific knowledge about the ... More


Role of Dopamine Transporters in Neuronal Homeostasis

Marc G. Caron and Raul R. Gainetdinov

in Dopamine Handbook

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373035
eISBN:
9780199865543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373035.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, History of Neuroscience

Dopamine (DA) neurotransmission is controlled by several critical processes. A complex homeostatic balance between the amount of DA synthesized, packaged into vesicles, released, reuptaken via plasma ... More


The Neural Basis of Communication in Crustaceans

Jens Herberholz

in Evolutionary Ecology of Social and Sexual Systems: Crustaceans as Model Organisms

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195179927
eISBN:
9780199790111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179927.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Crustaceans are used as model systems for studying behavioral and physiological processes common to many animals. Crustaceans are especially attractive to neuroethologists since most of their ... More


Metabotropic Glutamate Receptors

ROBERT BALÁZS, RICHARD J. BRIDGES, and CARL W. COTMAN

in Excitatory Amino Acid Transmission in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195150025
eISBN:
9780199865079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150025.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) are a distinct family of excitatory amino acid receptors. Unlike the ionotropic glutamate receptors (iGluRs), which constitute cation-specific ion channels ... More


Autonomic Regulation of the Urinary Bladder and Urethra

William C. de Groat

in Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195306637
eISBN:
9780199894130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.003.0019
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Storage and elimination of urine is dependent upon the coordinated activity of two functional units in the lower urinary tract: (1) the urinary bladder and (2) the urethra. These structures are in ... More


Imaging Cognitive Dysfunction in Parkinson’s Disease: Cholinergic Neurotransmission and Protein Aggregation

Nicolaas I. Bohnen and Kirk A. Frey

in Imaging in Parkinson’s Disease

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195393484
eISBN:
9780199914494
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393484.003.0074
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Techniques

Disturbances of cognition are frequent in Parkinson’s disease (PD), with an increasing prevalence of dementia with longer disease duration. The pathological hallmark of parkinsonian dementia is the ... More


The importance of NMDA receptors in the processing of spinal primary afferent input

R. H. EVANS

in The NMDA Receptor

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192625021
eISBN:
9780191724701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192625021.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter covers the following aspects which are relevant to the role of N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors in spinal neurotransmission: the involvement of NMDA receptors and the co-agonist ... More


An overview of serotonin neurochemistry and neuroanatomy

Dennis L. Murphy

in 5-Hydroxytryptamine in Psychiatry: A Spectrum of Ideas

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192620118
eISBN:
9780191724725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192620118.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

In the past few years, the predominant focus of basic science and clinical investigations of serotonergic neurotransmission has been the many serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) receptors and their ... More


Synthesis, Storage, Transport, and Metabolic Degradation of Neurotransmitters

Joseph D. Robinson

in Mechanisms of Synaptic Transmission: Bridging the Gaps (1890-1990)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195137613
eISBN:
9780199848164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137613.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

With the acceptance of chemical neurotransmission came the recognition that synaptic transmission required a number of discrete processes: synthesis of the neurotransmitter, its storage, release, and ... More


What are we talking about? Modes of neuronal communication

Paul S. Katz

in Beyond Neurotransmission: Neuromodulation and its Importance for Information Processing

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524243
eISBN:
9780191724435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524243.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Neurotransmission is almost universally accepted as the primary means of communication between neurons. Thus, most discussions of information flow and circuit organization in the nervous system ... More


Serotonin in obsessive-compulsive disorder: a causal connection or more monomania about a major monoamine?

Thomas R. Insel

in 5-Hydroxytryptamine in Psychiatry: A Spectrum of Ideas

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192620118
eISBN:
9780191724725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192620118.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) has been implicated in a number of psychiatric syndromes, but it is obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) that currently provides the most compelling evidence of a ... More


Cotransmission

G. Burnstock and V. Ralevic

in The Pharmacology of Vascular Smooth Muscle

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192623874
eISBN:
9780191724671
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192623874.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

For many years researchers' understanding of neurotransmission has been dominated by the concept that one neurone releases only a single transmitter, known as Dale's principle. This idea arose from a ... More


Serotonergic Neurotransmission and Its Role in Negative Affect

Andreas Heinz

in A New Understanding of Mental Disorders: Computational Models for Dimensional Psychiatry

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036894
eISBN:
9780262342841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036894.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

While dopaminergic neurotransmission has largely been implicated in reinforcement learning and model-based versus model-free decision making, serotonergic neurotransmission has been implicated in ... More


Brain Energy and the Work of Neurotransmission

Robert G. Shulman

in Brain Imaging: What it Can (and Cannot) Tell Us About Consciousness

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199838721
eISBN:
9780199345373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199838721.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Neuroimaging methods, fMRI, MRS, as well as positron emission tomography (PET), measure the rates of brain consumption of glucose and oxygen and of cerebral blood flow. In a single experiment MRS ... More


Structure and molecular organization of the postsynaptic density

Natasha K. Hussain and Richard L. Huganir

in Dendrites

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198745273
eISBN:
9780191819735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745273.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The morphology and molecular composition of synapses provide the basis of communication between neurons. Synapses are highly ordered, having developed structural and molecular specializations at ... More


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