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Beyond Neurotransmission: Neuromodulation and its Importance for Information Processing

Paul Katz (ed.)

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524243
eISBN:
9780191724435
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524243.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

There are many modes of communication that neurons use to transmit information besides what has come to be called neurotransmission. Many of these other types of communication can be classified as ... More


The Synapse: Function, Plasticity, and Neurotrophism

Motoy Kuno

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198546870
eISBN:
9780191724350
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198546870.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The synapse not only provides a bridge from one nerve cell to the next; its function can be modified by experience, making it important for learning and memory. This overview of the synapse provides ... More


Dopamine Dysfunction in Schizophrenia: From Genetic Susceptibility to Cognitive Impairment

Heike Tost, Shabnam Hakimi, and Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg

in Dopamine Handbook

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373035
eISBN:
9780199865543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373035.003.0039
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, History of Neuroscience

This chapter provides an overview of the causes and effects of dopamine dysfunction in schizophrenia. In doing so, it summarizes historical perspectives and our current scientific knowledge about the ... More


Role of Dopamine Transporters in Neuronal Homeostasis

Marc G. Caron and Raul R. Gainetdinov

in Dopamine Handbook

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373035
eISBN:
9780199865543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373035.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, History of Neuroscience

Dopamine (DA) neurotransmission is controlled by several critical processes. A complex homeostatic balance between the amount of DA synthesized, packaged into vesicles, released, reuptaken via plasma ... More


The Neural Basis of Communication in Crustaceans

Jens Herberholz

in Evolutionary Ecology of Social and Sexual Systems: Crustaceans as Model Organisms

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195179927
eISBN:
9780199790111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179927.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Crustaceans are used as model systems for studying behavioral and physiological processes common to many animals. Crustaceans are especially attractive to neuroethologists since most of their ... More


Metabotropic Glutamate Receptors

ROBERT BALÁZS, RICHARD J. BRIDGES, and CARL W. COTMAN

in Excitatory Amino Acid Transmission in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195150025
eISBN:
9780199865079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150025.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) are a distinct family of excitatory amino acid receptors. Unlike the ionotropic glutamate receptors (iGluRs), which constitute cation-specific ion channels ... More


Autonomic Regulation of the Urinary Bladder and Urethra

William C. de Groat

in Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195306637
eISBN:
9780199894130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.003.0019
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Storage and elimination of urine is dependent upon the coordinated activity of two functional units in the lower urinary tract: (1) the urinary bladder and (2) the urethra. These structures are in ... More


Imaging Cognitive Dysfunction in Parkinson’s Disease: Cholinergic Neurotransmission and Protein Aggregation

Nicolaas I. Bohnen and Kirk A. Frey

in Imaging in Parkinson’s Disease

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195393484
eISBN:
9780199914494
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393484.003.0074
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Techniques

Disturbances of cognition are frequent in Parkinson’s disease (PD), with an increasing prevalence of dementia with longer disease duration. The pathological hallmark of parkinsonian dementia is the ... More


The importance of NMDA receptors in the processing of spinal primary afferent input

R. H. EVANS

in The NMDA Receptor

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192625021
eISBN:
9780191724701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192625021.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter covers the following aspects which are relevant to the role of N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors in spinal neurotransmission: the involvement of NMDA receptors and the co-agonist ... More


An overview of serotonin neurochemistry and neuroanatomy

Dennis L. Murphy

in 5-Hydroxytryptamine in Psychiatry: A Spectrum of Ideas

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192620118
eISBN:
9780191724725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192620118.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

In the past few years, the predominant focus of basic science and clinical investigations of serotonergic neurotransmission has been the many serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) receptors and their ... More


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