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NeuroDynamix II: Concepts of Neurophysiology Illustrated by Computer Simulations

W. Otto Friesen and Jonathon Friesen

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371833
eISBN:
9780199865178
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371833.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The electrical membrane potential is an important property for the functioning of living cells. Temporal variations of this potential generated by synaptic interactions and expressed as nerve ... More


Sensory Qualities

Austen Clark

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198236801
eISBN:
9780191679360
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198236801.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Many philosophers doubt that one can provide any successful explanation of sensory qualities — of how things look, feel, or seem to a perceiving subject. To provide such an explanation, one would ... More


Cortex and Mind: Unifying Cognition

Joaquín M. Fuster

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195300840
eISBN:
9780199863655
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300840.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This book explores whether the mental order corresponds to the order of structures, events, and processes in one part of the neural order, namely, the cerebral cortex. For clarity and simplicity, ... More


Human Hand Function

Lynette A. Jones and Susan J. Lederman

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195173154
eISBN:
9780199786749
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173154.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This book reviews the sensory and motor aspects of normal hand function from both neurophysiological and behavioral perspectives. Hand function is presented as a continuum ranging from activities ... More


Electrophysiological Basis of MEG Signals

Fernando H. Lopes da Silva

in MEG: An Introduction to Methods

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195307238
eISBN:
9780199863990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307238.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter focuses on the basic physiological and biophysical aspects of how magnetic signals are generated in the brain. It begins with a brief description of the main features of ... More


The Gnostic New Age: How a Countercultural Spirituality Revolutionized Religion from Antiquity to Today

April D. DeConick

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231170765
eISBN:
9780231542043
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170765.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Gnosticism is a countercultural spirituality that forever changed the practice of Christianity. Before it emerged in the second century, passage to the afterlife required obedience to God and king. ... More


Cortical Neurophysiology in the 1950s

David H. Hubel

in Brain and Visual Perception: The Story of a 25-year Collaboration

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195176186
eISBN:
9780199847013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176186.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Neurophysiology has changed radically since the late 1950s. In the cerebral cortex, early work was mainly concerned with localization of function, essentially a type of neuroanatomy that used ... More


Mapping Minimax in the Brain: (with Antonio Olivero, Sven Bestmann, Jose Florensa Vila, and Jose Apesteguia)

Ignacio Palacios-Huerta

in Beautiful Game Theory: How Soccer Can Help Economics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144023
eISBN:
9781400850310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144023.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter is concerned with mixed strategies. Using fMRI techniques, it peers inside the brain when experimental subjects play the penalty kick game. As we have noted already, minimax is ... More


Primate Neuroethology

Michael Platt and Asif Ghazanfar (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195326598
eISBN:
9780199864904
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326598.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This edited volume bridges the epistemological gap between primate ethologists and primate neurobiologists. Experts in several fields review work ranging from primate foraging behavior, to the ... More


Crossmodal Space and Crossmodal Attention

Charles Spence and Jon Driver (eds)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524861
eISBN:
9780191689260
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524861.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Many organisms possess multiple sensory systems, such as vision, hearing, touch, smell, and taste. The possession of such multiple ways of sensing the world offers many benefits. These benefits arise ... More


VISUAL SELECTION, COVERT ATTENTION AND EYE MOVEMENTS

John M. Findlay

in Active Vision: The Psychology of Looking and Seeing

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198524793
eISBN:
9780191711817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524793.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews work on visual attention. Attention is the process by which some objects or locations are selected to receive more processing than others. Two types of attention are discussed: ... More


VISUAL ORIENTING

John M. Findlay

in Active Vision: The Psychology of Looking and Seeing

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198524793
eISBN:
9780191711817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524793.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter is concerned with orienting the eye to visual targets. Research has suggested some direct links between studies of human behaviour and the underlying neurophysiology. There are two key ... More


Looking and Acting: Vision and eye movements in natural behaviour

Michael Land and Benjamin Tatler

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198570943
eISBN:
9780191693878
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570943.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The cooperative action of different regions of human brains gives an amazing capacity to perform activities as diverse as playing the piano and hitting a tennis ball. Somehow, without conscious ... More


The neurophysiology and functions of the orbitofrontal cortex

Edmund T. Rolls

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198565741
eISBN:
9780191723971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter considers the functions of the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) based on analysis of neuronal activity in nonhuman primates and on fMRI in humans. Findings demonstrate that the OFC represents ... More


Involvement of primate orbitofrontal neurons in reward, uncertainty, and learning

Wolfram Schultz and Leon Tremblay

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198565741
eISBN:
9780191723971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter reviews studies using neurophysiological recordings of the orbitofrontal cortex in behaving monkeys in order to understand the brain's representation of predictable future events of ... More


From associations to expectancies: orbitofrontal cortex as gateway between the limbic system and representational memory

Matthew Roesch and Geoffrey Schoenbaum

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198565741
eISBN:
9780191723971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter describes the role of the rodent orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) in the control of associative information and its application to govern behavior. Recent findings support a critical role for ... More


Intracranial electrophysiology of the human orbitofrontal cortex

Ralph Adolphs, Hiroto Kawasaki, Hiroyuki Oya, and Matthew A. Howard

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198565741
eISBN:
9780191723971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter describes studies exploring the functions of the orbitofrontal cortex using invasive neurophysiological methods in humans. The neurosurgical implantation of depth electrodes is limited ... More


The Functions of the Orbitofrontal Cortex

Edmund T. Rolls

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0023
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter considers the functions of the orbitofrontal cortex. It shows that the orbitofrontal cortex is involved in decoding and representing some primary reinforcers such as taste and touch; in ... More


Moral Motivation

Timothy Schroeder, Adina L. Roskies, and Shaun Nichols

in The Moral Psychology Handbook

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199582143
eISBN:
9780191594496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582143.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

To understand the nature of moral motivation, it is important first to understand the nature of motivation. This chapter begins with a discussion of motivation itself and then sketches four possible ... More


Development of multisensory integration in subcortical and cortical brain networks

Mark T. Wallace, Dipanwita Ghose, Aaron R. Nidiffer, Matthew C. Fister, and Juliane Krueger Fister

in Multisensory Development

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199586059
eISBN:
9780191741470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586059.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Recent neurophysiological studies have highlighted the dramatic integrative capacity of multisensory neurons and networks in response to stimulus combinations. In comparison to this rapidly expanding ... More


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