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The Antisocial Brain

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter examines the arguments that claim that human antisocial behavior—notably impulsivity, aggression, and related forms of criminal conduct—have neurobiological roots. While neurobiological ... More


Personhood in a Neurobiological Age

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter explores the neurobiological self. It argues that the emerging neuroscientific understandings of selfhood are unlikely to efface modern human beings' understanding of themselves as ... More


Appetite: Neural and Behavioural Bases

Charles R. Legg and David Booth (eds)

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198547877
eISBN:
9780191724275
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198547877.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This is the first book to deal with both the psychological and neurobiological mechanisms in appetites for drugs, food, sex, and gambling, and considers whether there are common factors between them. ... More


Behavioural and Neural Aspects of Learning and Memory

J. R. Krebs and G. Horn (eds)

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198521983
eISBN:
9780191688492
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521983.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The topics discussed in this volume have been chosen to represent studies in which both behavioural and neurobiological analysis have been emphasized. They include work on behavioural and neural ... More


Neurobiology of Social Behavior

Dario Maestripieri

in Primate Neuroethology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195326598
eISBN:
9780199864904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326598.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter reviews current knowledge of the neurobiological regulation of affiliative, aggressive, sexual, and parental behavior in nonhuman primates. It focuses on social behavior expressed in the ... More


Science of Memory: Concepts

Henry L. Roediger, Yadin Dudai, and Susan M. Fitzpatrick (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195310443
eISBN:
9780199865321
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310443.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Scientists currently study memory from many different perspectives: neurobiological, ethological, animal conditioning, cognitive, behavioral neuroscience, social, and cultural. This book aims to help ... More


A modern view of placebo and placebo-related effects

Fabrizio Benedetti

in Placebo Effects: Understanding the mechanisms in health and disease

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199559121
eISBN:
9780191724022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559121.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The placebo effect, or placebo response, is a psychobiological phenomenon that must not be confounded with other phenomena, such as spontaneous remission and statistical regression to the mean. The ... More


Neurobiology of Perception of Illusory Contours in Animals

Andreas Nieder

in How Animals See the World: Comparative Behavior, Biology, and Evolution of Vision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334654
eISBN:
9780199933167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334654.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes the putative neurobiological mechanisms of illusory contour perception in vertebrates and invertebrates. Different animal species with divergent and independently evolved ... More


Stochasticity and the Separation of Utility from Choice

Paul W. Glimcher

in Foundations of Neuroeconomic Analysis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199744251
eISBN:
9780199863433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744251.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter begins by reviewing what is known about the mechanism that links subjective value to action. The first and most important goal of this examination is to achieve a convincing mechanistic ... More


Putting the Choice Mechanism Together: A Summary

Paul W. Glimcher

in Foundations of Neuroeconomic Analysis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199744251
eISBN:
9780199863433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744251.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

Over the past two decades, a tremendous amount of data has been gathered both about how the mammalian brain performs computations and about the final common path for movement control. The combination ... More


On the intimate relationship between neurobiology and function in the theoretical analysis of human learning and memory

Alan Richardson-Klavehn, Zara M. Bergström, Elena Magno, Gerasimos Markopoulos, Catherine M. Sweeney-Reed, and Maria Wimber

in Neuroimaging of Human Memory: Linking cognitive processes to neural systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199217298
eISBN:
9780191696077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217298.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter presents a balanced perspective on the relationship between functional information processing and neurobiological approaches to the understanding of human learning and memory. It argues ... More


Neurobiological correlates of visual pattern masking

Bruno G. Breitmeyer and Haluk ÖĞmen

in Visual Masking: Time slices through conscious and unconscious vision

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198530671
eISBN:
9780191728204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530671.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews neurobiological correlates of visual pattern masking at cortical levels in primates. A first part is devoted to evidence from animal studies. The review includes investigations ... More


Codependency and Pathological Altruism

Michael McGrath and Barbara Oakley

in Pathological Altruism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199738571
eISBN:
9780199918669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738571.003.0045
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Pathological altruism is a construct describing the willingness of an individual to place the needs of others above him- or herself to the point of causing harm, whether physical, psychological, or ... More


Brain Mechanisms

Eckart Altenmüller and Wilfried Gruhn

in The Science & Psychology of Music Performance: Creative Strategies for Teaching and Learning

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195138108
eISBN:
9780199849291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195138108.003.0005
Subject:
Music, Psychology of Music

This chapter reviews current knowledge about the brain mechanisms involved in music perception, music production, and music learning. It argues that a basic understanding of the enormously complex ... More


Two neural systems for visual orienting and the pathophysiology of unilateral spatial neglect

Maurizio Corbetta, Michelle J. Kincade, and Gordon L. Shulman

in The Cognitive and Neural Bases of Spatial Neglect

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198508335
eISBN:
9780191687327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508335.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter critically assesses current neurobiological models of attention and unilateral spatial neglect, particularly in relation to neuroimaging results acquired over the last decade. It ... More


Social Engagement in Williams Syndrome

Helen Tager-Flusberg and Daniela Pleas-Skwerer

in The Development of Social Engagement: Neurobiological Perspectives

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195168716
eISBN:
9780199847853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168716.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Unique insights into understanding gene–brain–behaviour relationships could be obtained from genetically based neurodevelopmental disorders, especially Williams Syndrome (WS), which is useful in ... More


Biological Approaches to the Study of Social Engagement

Peter J. Marshall and Nathan A. Fox

in The Development of Social Engagement: Neurobiological Perspectives

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195168716
eISBN:
9780199847853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168716.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The growing interest in the biological mechanisms subserving social behaviour in humans and animals has been fuelled partly by techniques and assays for monitoring or recording nervous activity ... More


Temperamental Exuberance: Correlates and Consequences

Cindy P. Polak-Toste and Megan R. Gunnar

in The Development of Social Engagement: Neurobiological Perspectives

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195168716
eISBN:
9780199847853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168716.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Temperamental exuberance has been studied at various levels of analysis, but there is a lack of a single framework that could be used in understanding the complex construct. This chapter, therefore, ... More


The Neurobiology of Maternal Behavior in Mammals

Frédéric Lévy and Alison S. Fleming

in The Development of Social Engagement: Neurobiological Perspectives

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195168716
eISBN:
9780199847853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168716.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the factors that affect a new mother's initial responses to her offspring and how she is changed by those responses, taking into account the mechanisms underlying maternal ... More


Imaging emotional influences on learning and memory

Kevin S. LaBar

in Neuroimaging of Human Memory: Linking cognitive processes to neural systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199217298
eISBN:
9780191696077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217298.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter discusses relevant psychological and neurobiological theories on emotion and emotional memory. It also illustrates how neuroimaging research has validated and extended the animal models ... More


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