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Maltreatment, Event-Related Potentials, and Memory

Dante Cicchetti and W. John Curtis

in Stress, Trauma, and Children's Memory Development: Neurobiological, cognitive, clinical and legal perspectives

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195308457
eISBN:
9780199867387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308457.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Research utilizing event-related potentials (ERPs) has greatly advanced knowledge concerning the neural underpinnings of a variety of cognitive processes in both children and adults. This methodology ... More


MEG and Reading: From Perception to Linguistic Analysis

Riitta Salmelin

in MEG: An Introduction to Methods

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195307238
eISBN:
9780199863990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307238.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter focuses on the use of MEG in studying neural processes of fluent and impaired reading. It first tracks the cortical sequence of activation when reading familiar words, and then considers ... More


Involuntary Attention

Joseph B Hopfinger and Emily L Parks

in The Neuroscience of Attention: Attentional Control and Selection

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334364
eISBN:
9780199932283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334364.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on research using the event-related potential (ERP) method to investigate the mechanisms of involuntary attention. Given the very rapid time course of reflexive attention, and ... More


The perceptual world of the dog

Ádám Miklósi

in Dog Behaviour, Evolution, and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199295852
eISBN:
9780191711688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199295852.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter provides a short overview on the perceptual abilities of dogs. Vision, audition, and olfaction are described in detail, including the possible experimental methods which could be used ... More


Redistribution of cerebral functions following primary visual cortex damage during infancy

Stephen G. Lomber and Bertram R. Payne

in Reprogramming the Cerebral Cortex: Plasticity following central and peripheral lesions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198528999
eISBN:
9780191723926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528999.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

The consequences of focal injury to the cerebral cortex in the immature brain differ from the consequences caused by similar damage of the mature cerebrum. In the immature brain, some distant neurons ... More


The Cognitive Neuroscience of Working Memory

Naoyuki Osaka, Robert H. Logie, and Mark D'Esposito (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198570394
eISBN:
9780191693816
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570394.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Working memory has been one of the most intensively studied systems in cognitive psychology. It is only relatively recently however that researchers have been able to study the neural processes which ... More


Emergence and Mental Causation

Nancey Murphy

in The Re-Emergence of Emergence: The Emergentist Hypothesis from Science to Religion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199544318
eISBN:
9780191701351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544318.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter deals with the question of how emergent mental events or properties can have ‘downward’ causal efficacy without violating the causal closure of the physical world. It claims that ... More


Us versus Them: The Social Neuroscience of Perceiving Out-groups

Nalini Ambady and Reginald B. Adams

in Social Neuroscience: Toward Understanding the Underpinnings of the Social Mind

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195316872
eISBN:
9780199893324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316872.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

What are the neural processes involved in perceiving out-groups? The pace of inquiry into this topic has picked up considerably since the pioneering neuroimaging studies conducted in 2000, yielding ... More


Neural processing related to feeding in primates

Edmund T. Rolls

in Appetite: Neural and Behavioural Bases

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198547877
eISBN:
9780191724275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198547877.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter examines neural processing and brain activity associated with feeding in primates. It describes the activity in the gustatory pathways and the neuronal activity in the lateral ... More


Oscillatory synchrony as a signature for the unity of visual experience in humans

Catherine Tallon-Baudry

in The Unity of Consciousness: Binding, Integration, and Dissociation

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198508571
eISBN:
9780191687358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508571.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In the last decade a series of experiments in animals and humans pointed towards a functional role of oscillatory synchrony in linking together the different functional areas involved in the ... More


The Case for Mental Imagery

Stephen M. Kosslyn, William L. Thompson, and Giorgio Ganis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195179088
eISBN:
9780199893829
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179088.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

When we try to remember whether we left a window open or closed, do we actually see the window in our mind? If we do, does this mental image play a role in how we think? For almost a century, ... More


Linking dendritic processing to computation and behavior in invertebrates

Richard B. Dewell and Fabrizio Gabbiani

in Dendrites

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198745273
eISBN:
9780191819735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745273.003.0023
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter summarizes results obtained in invertebrate preparations on the dendritic processing of neural information. Connecting the cellular characteristics of neurons to the information ... More


The Neural Processing of Complex Sounds

Timothy D. Griffiths

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Music

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198525202
eISBN:
9780191689314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525202.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

This chapter addresses the temporal processing of complex sounds relevant to musical analysis. Functional imaging studies, using positron emission tomography (PET), functional magnetic resonance ... More


The Proximity Trap

Jan Lauwereyns

in The Anatomy of Bias: How Neural Circuits Weigh the Options

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262123105
eISBN:
9780262277990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262123105.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter revisits the phenomena of proximity, similarity, and continuation that can generate perceptual grouping from the perspective of bias in neural processing, It also considers the history ... More


Controlling local movements of the legs Controlling local movements of the legs

Malcolm Burrows

in The Neurobiology of an Insect Brain

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523444
eISBN:
9780191724411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523444.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Invertebrate Neurobiology

Local movements are defined as those caused by the contractions of the muscles in a single segment. The neural processing underlying these movements is carried out within a restricted part of the ... More


Energy, Information, and the Work of the Brain

Simon B. Laughlin

in Work Meets Life: Exploring the Integrative Study of Work in Living Systems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014120
eISBN:
9780262265843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014120.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter addresses the link between energy and information in living systems. It analyzes the costs of moving information through biological systems and the energetic and evolutionary ... More


Crossmodal Spatial Interactions in Subcortical and Cortical Circuits

BARRY E. STEIN, TERRENCE R. STANFORD, MARK T. WALLACE, J. WILLIAM VAUGHAN, and WAN JIANG

in Crossmodal Space and Crossmodal Attention

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524861
eISBN:
9780191689260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524861.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In recent years a good deal of insight has been gained into the neural processes underlying the brain’s ability to synthesize information from different sensory modalities. Although multisensory ... More


Cognitive Integration and the Extended Mind

Richard Menary

in The Extended Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014038
eISBN:
9780262266024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014038.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter delves deeper into the two “waves” of arguments for EM as discussed in the last chapter. The first wave focuses on questions of functional parity between internal and external processes ... More


Democracy and the Nonsovereign Self

Sharon R. Krause

in Passions and Emotions: NOMOS LIII

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814760147
eISBN:
9780814763490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814760147.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter evaluates Marcus's theory of affective intelligence, noting some inconsistencies in his account of how the different systems of neural processes are related to one another. In his essay, ... More


Neural Processes between Visual Sign Stimuli and Head Movements in Toads

Jörg-peter Ewert, Evelyn Schürg-pfeiffer, and Wolfgang Will iSchwippert

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Considering the neural visuomotor processes obtained by behaviorally relevant sign stimuli, it was realized that investigations in mammals are very intricate. In mammals, the retina is functionally ... More


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