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A Neurological Framework

Mary Coleman

in The Neurology of Autism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182224
eISBN:
9780199786701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182224.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter examines the components of the impaired neural networks that might underlie the presentation of autistic symptoms. Topics covered include the neural network models of autism, central ... More


 Principles of Representation and Control

Don M. Tucker

in Mind from Body: Experience from neural science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195316988
eISBN:
9780199786848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316988.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the principles of information science that may help explain the brain's operation. These principles show how artificial neural networks can achieve distributed representation — ... More


What Neural Network Models Can and Cannot Explain about Cognition

Cyriel M. A. Pennartz

in The Brain's Representational Power: On Consciousness and the Integration of Modalities

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029315
eISBN:
9780262330121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029315.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

What are neural network models, what kind of cognitive processes can they perform, and what do they teach us about representations and consciousness? First, this chapter explains the functioning of ... More


Networks, Waves, and Resonant Binding

Paull Nunez

in Brain, Mind, and the Structure of Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195340716
eISBN:
9780199776269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340716.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter is concerned with dynamic behaviors in cerebral cortex and several analogous physical systems. A proposed conceptual framework embraces the idea of neural networks embedded in global ... More


Neural network models

Edmund T. Rolls

in Computational Neuroscience of Vision

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524885
eISBN:
9780191689277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524885.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

This chapter describes a set of fundamental neural networks used by the brain, including the parts of the brain involved in vision. These models utilize a local learning rule or a rule for synaptic ... More


Neural Networks and Brain Function

Edmund Rolls and Alessandro Treves

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524328
eISBN:
9780191724466
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524328.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

The aim of this book is to describe the types of computation that can be performed by biologically plausible neural networks, and to show how these may be implemented in different systems in the ... More


Dynamical Insight into Structure in Connectionist Models

Whitney Tabor

in Toward a Unified Theory of Development Connectionism and Dynamic System Theory Re-Consider

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300598
eISBN:
9780199867165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300598.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter focuses on a connectionist model called the fractal learning neural network (FLNN). The FLNN model's account is appealing because it (a) uses a simple learning mechanism and thus ... More


Some Simulation Tools for Tracking Continuous Mental Trajectories

Michael Spivey

in The Continuity of Mind

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195170788
eISBN:
9780199786831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170788.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter promotes quantitative simulation as an important accompaniment to theoretical and experimental methods in dynamical approaches to understanding the mind. A mathematical introduction is ... More


The neural synchrony model of tinnitus

Jos J. Eggermont

in The Neuroscience of Tinnitus

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199605606
eISBN:
9780191741555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199605606.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Development

In humans with tinnitus, changes in the synchrony between neural activity recorded with scalp electrodes are found. This suggests that large-scale cortical networks show higher synchrony in the gamma ... More


Computers can learn: Neural networks

Iwo Białynicki-Birula and Iwona Białynicka-Birula

in Modeling Reality: How Computers Mirror Life

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198531005
eISBN:
9780191713033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198531005.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Artificial neural networks are computer programs (or sometimes hardware circuits) designed to imitate the action of a brain. The most important feature of artificial neural networks is their ability ... More


Applications to Other Fields

Daniel L. Stein and Charles M. Newman

in Spin Glasses and Complexity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147338
eISBN:
9781400845637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147338.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter explores how spin glass concepts have found use in and, in some cases, further advanced areas such as computational complexity, combinatorial optimization, neural networks, protein ... More


Computational Modeling of Infant Concept Learning: The Developmental Shift from Features to Correlations

Thomas R. Shultz

in Infant Perception and Cognition: Recent Advances, Emerging Theories, and Future Directions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195366709
eISBN:
9780199863969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366709.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Vision

This chapter concerns the computational modeling of one of Les Cohen's most important discoveries in infant information processing—the developmental shift from learning about visual stimulus features ... More


Industrial Organization as Networks

Grahame F. Thompson

in Between Hierarchies and Markets: The Logic and Limits of Network Forms of Organization

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198775270
eISBN:
9780191710513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198775270.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter looks at the industrial organisation as networks, focusing on interorganisational networks. Some theoretical issues raised by interorganisational networks are discussed, including ... More


Order Out of Chaos: Order in Neural Networks

Peter C. R. Lane

in In Order to Learn: How the sequence of topics influences learning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195178845
eISBN:
9780199893751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178845.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter provides details about order effects in neural networks, a commonly used modeling approach. It examines two networks in detail, the Adaptive Resonance Theory (ART) architecture and Jeff ... More


Modeling Reality: How Computers Mirror Life

Iwo Bialynicki-Birula and Iwona Bialynicka-Birula

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198531005
eISBN:
9780191713033
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198531005.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This book covers a wide range of subjects concerning the use of computer modeling to solve a diverse set of problems. The book covers some advanced topics (cellular automata, Shannon measure of ... More


Biological networks: A discussion of various networks of interest in biology, including biochemical networks, neural networks, and ecological networks

M. E. J. Newman

in Networks: An Introduction

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199206650
eISBN:
9780191594175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206650.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Networks are widely used in many branches of biology as a convenient representation of patterns of interaction between appropriate biological elements. Molecular biologists, for example, use networks ... More


Models and mechanisms of visual masking: a selective review and comparison

Bruno G. Breitmeyer and Haluk ÖĞmen

in Visual Masking: Time slices through conscious and unconscious vision

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198530671
eISBN:
9780191728204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530671.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents models and mechanisms of masking according to five distinguishing characteristics: (i) models based on spatiotemporal response sequences; (ii) models adopting some version of an ... More


Theoretical Neuroscience: The Brain as a Computer and the Computer as a Brain

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Creating Modern Neuroscience: The Revolutionary 1950s

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195391503
eISBN:
9780199863464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391503.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter focuses on the development of theoretical neuroscience. The mid-20th century marked the emergence of several new fields that laid the foundations for general theories of brain function. ... More


REAL NETWORKS

S. N. Dorogovtsev and J. F. F. Mendes

in Evolution of Networks: From Biological Nets to the Internet and WWW

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198515906
eISBN:
9780191705670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515906.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

This chapter describes a set of basic real-world complex networks: networks of citations in scientific papers, the Internet and World Wide Web, collaboration networks, neural networks, networks of ... More


Probabilistic decision-making

Edmund T. Rolls

in Memory, Attention, and Decision-Making: A Unifying Computational Neuroscience Approach

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199232703
eISBN:
9780191724046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232703.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter is concerned with neuronal findings. It provides a theoretical framework and discusses a probabilistic noise-driven attractor network and mean-field and integrate-and-fire approaches.


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