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Regulating Markets for Retirement Payouts: Solvency, Supervision, and Credibility

Phyllis C. Borzi and Martha Priddy Patterson

in Recalibrating Retirement Spending and Saving

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199549108
eISBN:
9780191720734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549108.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

Soon the largest cohort of workers in history will be eligible to retire: and most will have only their personal saving and a lump-sum benefit from a 401(k) plan to supplement Social Security ... More


Making Sense of the EMU Negotiations

Kenneth Dyson and Kevin Featherstone

in The Road To Maastricht: Negotiating Economic and Monetary Union

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296386
eISBN:
9780191599125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829638X.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The EMU negotiations are identified as a ‘core executive’ activity and analysed in terms of their structural, strategic, and cognitive dimensions. EMU was a prestructured negotiating process, shaped ... More


Life in the small-bodied cavity-nester guild: Demography of sympatric mountain and black-capped chickadees within nest web communities under changing habitat conditions

Kathy Martin and Andrea R. Norris

in Ecology and Behavior of Chickadees and Titmice: an integrated approach

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198569992
eISBN:
9780191717802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569992.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This chapter discusses the role and ecology of two chickadee species as members of the small-bodied cavity-nester guild and their general relationships in the nest web community. The ecological and ... More


Conservation management of endangered birds

Carl G. Jones

in Bird Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198520863
eISBN:
9780191706189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520863.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter describes how conservationists can intervene to help save endangered species. The approaches used include supplementary feeding; disease control; predator control; and intensive ... More


Comparing Multiscale Sampling Designs: Taking an Experimental Approach

Thomas J. Stohlgren

in Measuring Plant Diversity: Lessons from the Field

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172331
eISBN:
9780199790395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172331.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter demonstrates the process of comparing various multi-scale sampling techniques. This was an actual field study, so there were specific sampling objectives, but the objectives were broad ... More


BIRDS

Ernest H. Williams

in The Nature Handbook: A Guide to Observing the Great Outdoors

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195179293
eISBN:
9780199790470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179293.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

Because of birds' colorful beauty, song, abundance, and flight, millions of people enjoy bird watching (birding). Since people usually first notice the size, color, and shape of a bird, this chapter ... More


Single-Scale Sampling

Thomas J. Stohlgren

in Measuring Plant Diversity: Lessons from the Field

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172331
eISBN:
9780199790395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172331.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter provides examples and discusses several single-scale sampling techniques for measuring plant diversity. Common techniques include: searching, where a species list is obtained for a site, ... More


Multiscale Sampling

Thomas J. Stohlgren

in Measuring Plant Diversity: Lessons from the Field

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172331
eISBN:
9780199790395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172331.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter reveals that sampling plant diversity at multiple spatial scales may allow for a deeper understanding of relationships between species distributions and composition shifts relative to ... More


Case Study: Designing a Monitoring Program for Assessing Patterns of Plant Diversity in Forests Nationwide

Thomas J. Stohlgren

in Measuring Plant Diversity: Lessons from the Field

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172331
eISBN:
9780199790395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172331.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter considers the difficulties in designing the plant diversity component of monitoring programs designed to report the condition and production of the nation's forests, including changes in ... More


Breeding biology

Rhys E. Green

in Bird Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198520863
eISBN:
9780191706189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520863.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter considers all aspects of the study of the breeding biology of wild birds, and how to gain representative measures of nest success and other aspects. It discusses the selection of study ... More


Building costs, optimal solutions, and trade-offs Building costs, optimal solutions, and trade-offs

Mike Hansell

in Animal Architecture

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507529
eISBN:
9780191709838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507529.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Homes are for protection, so the benefit they provide may be measurable as some consequence of the failure to invest in protection. Costs may still readily be measured in terms of energy consumption ... More


Regression with a Dichotomous Dependent Variable Regression with a Dichotomous Dependent Variable

John G. Orme and Terri Combs-Orme

in Multiple Regression with Discrete Dependent Variables

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195329452
eISBN:
9780199864812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195329452.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter describes the use of binary logistic regression (also known simply as logistic or logit regression), a versatile and popular method for modeling relationships between a dichotomous ... More


Food and Shelter: How Resources Influence Ant Ecology

Nico Blüthgen and Heike Feldhaar

in Ant Ecology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199544639
eISBN:
9780191720192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544639.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Food and nesting space are the most important resources for ants and contribute strongly to the structure of ant communities. Most ants can be considered omnivores; however, differences in morphology ... More


Nest building in orangutans

Didik Prasetyo, Marc Ancrenaz, Helen C. Morrogh-Bernard, S. Suci Utami Atmoko, Serge A. Wich, and Carel P. van Schaik

in Orangutans: Geographic Variation in Behavioral Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199213276
eISBN:
9780191707568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213276.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Orangutans, like the other great apes, build nests ever day. Nests probably serve to achieve the optimum combination of physical comfort, temperature, and safety against predators and parasites. The ... More


Orangutan cultures revisited

Carel P. van Schaik, Marc Ancrenaz, Reniastoeti Djojoasmoro, Cheryl D. Knott, Helen C. Morrogh-Bernard, Nuzuar Odom Kisar, S. Suci Utami Atmoko, and Maria A. van Noordwijk

in Orangutans: Geographic Variation in Behavioral Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199213276
eISBN:
9780191707568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213276.003.0021
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Recent comparative work has claimed the presence of socially transmitted behavioral innovations, ranging from tool use to sounds produced during nest building, i.e. culture, among wild orangutans. ... More


Colony Structure

Florian M. Steiner, Ross H. Crozier, and Birgit C. Schlick‐Steiner

in Ant Ecology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199544639
eISBN:
9780191720192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544639.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Ant colony structure is a colony's caste, demographic, genealogical, and spatial make‐up. Characters of colony structure include the number and identity of reproductives, worker task allocation, and ... More


Invasion Processes and Causes of Success

Paul D. Krushelnycky, David A. Holway, and Edward G. LeBrun

in Ant Ecology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199544639
eISBN:
9780191720192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544639.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

A comprehensive understanding of the causal factors that promote invasiveness, as well as the mechanisms that mediate the invasion process, should assist in developing a predictive capacity about ... More


Epilogue: Completing families, completing lives

Rosanna Hertz

in Single by Chance, Mothers by Choice: How Women are Choosing Parenthood without Marriage and Creating the New American Family

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195179903
eISBN:
9780199944118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179903.003.0027
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

The stories of the interviewed women illuminated much, much more than expected. One of the biggest surprises was how the women had “completed” their families. This chapter notes that it was in the ... More


Nested Interrogatives and the Locus of Wh

Omer Preminger

in The Complementizer Phase: Subjects and Operators

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199584352
eISBN:
9780191594526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584352.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter discusses the behavior of certain wh‐island‐violating (but felicitous) constructions in Hebrew, which exhibit two interesting characteristics: superiority effects, and a sensitivity to ... More


Encompassing

David F. Hendry

in Dynamic Econometrics

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283164
eISBN:
9780191596384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283164.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Encompassing seeks to resolve the proliferation of rival models for the same data set by requiring any given model to account for the results obtained by other models, whether nested or non‐nested. ... More


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