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Neuroglycobiology: (Molecular and Cellular Neurobiology)

Minoru Fukuda, Urs Rutishauser, and Ronald L. Schnaar (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525387
eISBN:
9780191723872
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525387.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

In the past decade, there have been tremendous developments in the understanding of the structure, biosynthesis, and function of glycoconjugates present in the nervous system. These developments were ... More


Cajal's Butterflies of the Soul: Science and Art

Javier DeFelipe

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195392708
eISBN:
9780199863525
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195392708.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This book contains a large collection of beautiful figures produced throughout the 19th and beginning of the 20th century, which represent some characteristic examples of the early days of research ... More


A Sketch History of the Microscopic Anatomy of the Nervous System

Javier Defelipe

in Cajal's Butterflies of the Soul: Science and Art

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195392708
eISBN:
9780199863525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195392708.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter traces the history of various theories on the microscopic anatomy of the nervous system, with corresponding illustrations by the scientists themselves. The chapter is divided into three, ... More


Life Stages, Hormones, and Brain Remodeling: Early Hormonal Influences on Brain Mutability

Luis Miguel García-Segura

in Hormones and Brain Plasticity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195326611
eISBN:
9780199864881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326611.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter examines the prominent role that hormones have in defining the timing and regional specificity of the plastic developmental changes in the central nervous system, and how they coordinate ... More


Introduction

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the emergence of a neuromolecular vision of the brain. This means a new scale at which the brain and nervous system was conceptualized, and a new way ... More


ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY

Ted R. Anderson

in Biology of the Ubiquitous House Sparrow: From Genes to Populations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195304114
eISBN:
9780199790012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304114.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This chapter summarizes research on the anatomy and physiology of the House Sparrow based on organ systems: integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, endocrine, circulatory, respiratory, digestive, ... More


Causal Inference in Sensorimotor Learning and Control

Kunlin Wei and Konrad P. Körding

in Sensory Cue Integration

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195387247
eISBN:
9780199918379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387247.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on the issue of causal inference in perception and action, arguing that ambiguous sensory cues only make sense when the brain understands their causes. It takes a normative view, ... More


 A Contemporary Perspective on Multilevel Analyses and Social Neuroscience

Gary G. Berntson and John T. Cacioppo

in Interdisciplinary Research: Case Studies from Health and Social Science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195324273
eISBN:
9780199893966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195324273.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes a collaborative interdisciplinary program to elucidate the links and underlying mechanisms of psychophysiological relations and their implications for health. This ranges from ... More


The Neural Basis of Communication in Crustaceans

Jens Herberholz

in Evolutionary Ecology of Social and Sexual Systems: Crustaceans as Model Organisms

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195179927
eISBN:
9780199790111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179927.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Crustaceans are used as model systems for studying behavioral and physiological processes common to many animals. Crustaceans are especially attractive to neuroethologists since most of their ... More


The evolution of nervous system centralization

Detlev Arendt, Alexandru S. Denes, Gáspár Jékely, and Kristin Tessmar-Raible

in Animal Evolution: Genomes, Fossils, and Trees

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199549429
eISBN:
9780191721601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549429.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Developmental Biology

It is currently unknown when and in what form the central nervous system (CNS) in Bilateria first appeared, and how it further evolved in the different bilaterian phyla. To find out, a series of ... More


Neural Circuits: Spinal Cord, Retina, Invertebrate Systems

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Creating Modern Neuroscience: The Revolutionary 1950s

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195391503
eISBN:
9780199863464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391503.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

In the 1950s, the microelectrode opened the door not only to understanding the properties of the individual nerve cell, but also to how they are connected; how they “talk” to each other. Two ... More


Molecular genetic insights into deuterostome evolution from the direct-developing hemichordate Saccoglossus kowalevskii

Christopher J. Lowe

in Animal Evolution: Genomes, Fossils, and Trees

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199549429
eISBN:
9780191721601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549429.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Developmental Biology

Progress in developmental biology, phylogenomics, and palaeontology over the past five years has made major contributions to a long-enduring problem in comparative biology: the early origins of the ... More


Models and Architectures for Motor ControlSimple or Complex?

Emmanuel Guigon

in Motor Control: Theories, Experiments, and Applications

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195395273
eISBN:
9780199863518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395273.003.0020
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

For the purpose of motor coordination, the nervous system faces a complex control problem, involving redundant degrees of freedom, nonlinear dynamics of limbs and actuators, noise, and perturbations. ... More


The Link Between Religion and Health: Psychoneuroimmunology and the Faith Factor

Harold G. Koenig and Harvey J. Cohen

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195143607
eISBN:
9780199893256
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143607.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This book presents new medical research establishing a connection between religion and health and examines the implications for Eastern and Western religious traditions and for society and culture. ... More


Cell-mediated delivery systems

Kostantin Dobrenis

in Lysosomal Disorders of the Brain: Recent Advances in Molecular and Cellular Pathogenesis and Treatment

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198508786
eISBN:
9780191723803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508786.003.00014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Diseases that involve the central nervous system (CNS) pose one of the most difficult challenges in human therapy. Cell-mediated therapy (CMT) is a uniquely complex and powerful approach that offers ... More


Pathology, physiology, and race

Mark Harrison

in Medicine in an age of Commerce and Empire: Britain and its Tropical Colonies 1660-1830

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577736
eISBN:
9780191595196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577736.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

The final chapter of Part I examines the relationships between pathology, nervous physiology, and notions of race during the early nineteenth century. The chapter is divided between British India and ... More


A therapeutic revolution

Mark Harrison

in Medicine in an age of Commerce and Empire: Britain and its Tropical Colonies 1660-1830

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577736
eISBN:
9780191595196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577736.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

In the early years of the nineteenth century, medical practice in Britain's colonies changed radically. Having been marginalized in tropical therapeutics since the 1750s, bleeding now began to ... More


Cross Talk between the Autonomic and Central Nervous Systems: Mechanistic and Therapeutic Considerations for Neuronal, Immune, Vascular, and Somatic-Based Diseases

Fuad Lechin and Bertha van der Dijs

in Neurovascular Medicine: Pursuing Cellular Longevity for Healthy Aging

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195326697
eISBN:
9780199864874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326697.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter summarizes anatomical, physiological, pathophysiological, pharmacological, immunological, and some therapeutic information dealing with most types of diseases. Evidence is presented to ... More


Epilogue: A Tiny Bit of Philosophy

Bernard J. Baars

in In the Theater of Consciousness: The Workspace of the Mind

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195102659
eISBN:
9780199864126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195102659.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter presents some concluding thoughts from the author. It argues that contrary to the claims of some scholars, an empirically based understanding of human experience is possible and ... More


Autonomic Nervous System Markers for Psychophysiological, Anxiety, and Physical Disorders

Richard Gevirtz

in Integrative Neuroscience and Personalized Medicine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195393804
eISBN:
9780199863495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393804.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter explores the use of autonomic nervous system (ANS) measures as potential biomarkers for medically unexplained disorders. It is proposed that these disorders are better classified and ... More


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