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The Neuromolecular Brain

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter examines the neuromolecular and plastic brain. Ideas about plasticity and the openness of brains to environment influences, from initial evidence about nerve development, through the ... More


Electrophysiology of CTA

T. Yamamoto

in Conditioned Taste Aversion: Memory of a Special Kind

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198523475
eISBN:
9780191712678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523475.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

Gustatory CS is analyzed by taste cells, the output fibers of which form chorda tympani (CT) and glossopharyngeal nerve (GN) to area postrema (AP). The labelled line (LL) and across nerve pattern ... More


Cervical Plexus

Jay A. Liveson and Dong M. Ma

in Laboratory Reference for Clinical Neurophysiology

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195129243
eISBN:
9780199847792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195129243.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

The greater auricular nerve is composed of fibers from C2 and C3. It is the largest ascending branch of the cervical plexus. It originates from the base of the neck, passes deep to the ... More


Myotome Studies

Jay A. Liveson and Dong M. Ma

in Laboratory Reference for Clinical Neurophysiology

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195129243
eISBN:
9780199847792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195129243.003.0024
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

The strategy of the electromyographic test of muscles is based on anatomic sampling. Each muscle examined represents a specific peripheral nerve, and usually several nerve roots. Based on the ... More


A Sketch History of the Microscopic Anatomy of the Nervous System

Javier Defelipe

in Cajal's Butterflies of the Soul: Science and Art

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195392708
eISBN:
9780199863525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195392708.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter traces the history of various theories on the microscopic anatomy of the nervous system, with corresponding illustrations by the scientists themselves. The chapter is divided into three, ... More


Neuroanatomy of CTA: lesion studies

F. Bermúdez-Rattoni and T Yamamoto

in Conditioned Taste Aversion: Memory of a Special Kind

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198523475
eISBN:
9780191712678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523475.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

Food properties are transmitted by taste nerves from the buds in the oral cavity to the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) in the brain stem. Gastrointestinal irritation caused by toxic meal activates ... More


Signaling Molecules: The First Growth Factor

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Creating Modern Neuroscience: The Revolutionary 1950s

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195391503
eISBN:
9780199863464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391503.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter details early studies on the development of nerve cells. The nervous system arises from a single fertilized egg. Classical histologists visualized this process through the cells of the ... More


Sacral Nerves

Jay A. Liveson and Dong M. Ma

in Laboratory Reference for Clinical Neurophysiology

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195129243
eISBN:
9780199847792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195129243.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

The posterior femoral cutaneous nerve is also referred to as the lesser sciatic nerve. It originates from the S1 to S3 roots. It exits from the pelvis by passing anterior to the piriformis muscle and ... More


Electrical activity of nerve: The background up to 1952

SIR ANDREW HUXLEY

in The Axon: Structure, Function and Pathophysiology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195082937
eISBN:
9780199865802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082937.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses ideas about nerve conduction and developments up to 1952. Topics covered include studies on excitation of the nerve, the all-or-none character of the propagated response of ... More


The Schwann cell: Morphology and development

NAOMI KLEITMAN and RICHARD P. BUNGE

in The Axon: Structure, Function and Pathophysiology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195082937
eISBN:
9780199865802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082937.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter describes the sequential phenomena observed during the development of the peripheral nerve, with emphasis on the Schwann cell. It presents research elucidating the mechanisms by which ... More


Spinal Cord Dysfunction: Volume II: Intervention and Treatment

L. S. Illis (ed.)

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192617873
eISBN:
9780191724312
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192617873.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This is the second in a series of books dealing with the enormous clinical problem of spinal-cord dysfunction. Volume I discussed assessment; this book focuses on intervention. There are three main ... More


Glial Cell Development: basic principles and clinical relevance

Kristjan R. Jessen and William D. Richardson (eds)

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781872748542
eISBN:
9780191724367
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9781872748542.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

The majority of cells in the nervous system are glial cells. During development, these cells provide growth factors that stimulate the proliferation, migration, and survival of neurons and their ... More


Clinical electrophysiology of peripheral nervous system axons

JUN KIMURA

in The Axon: Structure, Function and Pathophysiology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195082937
eISBN:
9780199865802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082937.003.0030
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter focuses on the assessment of axonal function in situ in peripheral nerves in humans. It describes current methods for clinical electrophysiological study of the peripheral nervous system ... More


Nerve Blocks in Palliative Care

Fiona Hicks and Karen H Simpson

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198527039
eISBN:
9780191730283
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527039.001.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

In most patients, pain medication, along with physical therapy and supportive counselling, adequately controls the pain of terminal disease, but in some cases pain medication fails or produces ... More


The Synapse: Function, Plasticity, and Neurotrophism

Motoy Kuno

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198546870
eISBN:
9780191724350
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198546870.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The synapse not only provides a bridge from one nerve cell to the next; its function can be modified by experience, making it important for learning and memory. This overview of the synapse provides ... More


The Pharmacology of Vascular Smooth Muscle

C. J. Garland and J. A. Angus (eds)

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192623874
eISBN:
9780191724671
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192623874.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This book provides an understanding of how events at the cellular level impact on the cardiovascular system as a whole. Advances in knowledge are highlighted and all the themes are presented from the ... More


Introduction

L. S. Illis

in Spinal Cord Dysfunction: Volume II: Intervention and Treatment

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192617873
eISBN:
9780191724312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192617873.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter focuses on various approaches to intervention and treatment of spinal chord dysfunction. The main research drive towards a cure for spinal injury will undoubtedly have an effect on the ... More


Auditory Evoked Responses

Jay A. Liveson and Dong M. Ma

in Laboratory Reference for Clinical Neurophysiology

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195129243
eISBN:
9780199847792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195129243.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

An auditory stimulus can be used to study the peripheral and central hearing apparatus. In addition to neurologic evaluation, it can also be used to evaluate peripheral (conductive and sensorimotor) ... More


Visual Evoked Responses

Jay A. Liveson and Dong M. Ma

in Laboratory Reference for Clinical Neurophysiology

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195129243
eISBN:
9780199847792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195129243.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Visual evoked potentials provide a quantitative measure of the visual system. The function measured includes that of the optic nerve, through the optic chiasm and tract, to the lateral geniculate ... More


Signaling Molecules: The First Neurotransmitters in the Brain

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Creating Modern Neuroscience: The Revolutionary 1950s

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195391503
eISBN:
9780199863464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391503.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter details early studies on signal molecules between nerve cells that mediate behavior. The key signal molecules for these functions are neurotransmitters, neuropeptides, internal second ... More


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