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Positron Emission Tomography: Glucose Metabolism in Extratemporal Lobe Epilepsy

Csaba Juhász and Harry T. Chugani

in Neuroimaging in Epilepsy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195342765
eISBN:
9780199863617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342765.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

The interictal FDG PET often shows focal cortical hypometabolism in patients with extratemporal epilepsy and can correctly regionalize neocortical epileptic foci in more than 2/3 of the cases, even ... More


Neuronal Plasticity During Sleep Oscillations in Corticothalamic Systems

Mircea Steriade and Igor Timofeev

in Sleep and Brain Plasticity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198574002
eISBN:
9780191724145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198574002.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter argues that spontaneously occurring brain rhythms during slow wave sleep (SWS) produce plastic changes in thalamic and neocortical neurons. It discusses the role played by augmenting ... More


Neocortical Dynamics, EEG, and Cognition

Paul L. Nunez and Ramesh Srinivasan

in Electric Fields of the Brain: The neurophysics of EEG

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195050387
eISBN:
9780199865673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195050387.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

EEG dynamic behavior is closely correlated with cognitive processing. If a (partly) valid physiologically-based dynamic theory of EEG is developed, an indirect connection between physiology and ... More


MACHINE INTELLIGENCE

Vinod K. Wadhawan

in Smart Structures: Blurring the Distinction Between the Living and the Nonliving

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199229178
eISBN:
9780191711282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229178.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter on machine intelligence reiterates Hawkins' viewpoint that genuine artificial intelligence can be developed only by emulating the neocortical structure of the mammalian brain. The pros ... More


Memory before and after H.M.: an impressionistic historical perspective

Morris Moscovitch

in Epilepsy and Memory

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199580286
eISBN:
9780191739408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580286.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Behavioral Neuroscience

The papers published by Milner, Scoville, and Penfield on the effects of bilateral temporal lobectomy have had a profound influence on the neuroscience of memory. This chapter addresses the following ... More


Motor systems: cerebellum and basal ganglia

Edmund T. Rolls and Alessandro Treves

in Neural Networks and Brain Function

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524328
eISBN:
9780191724466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524328.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter examines the cerebellum and basal ganglia, two non-neocortical brain systems involved in different aspects of the control of movement. The cerebellum has a remarkably regular neural ... More


The Cortical Neuron as an Electrophysiological Unit

Michael J. Gutnick and Wayne E. Crill

in The Cortical Neuron

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195083309
eISBN:
9780199847464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195083309.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Cellular physiological studies from all areas of the brain have revealed that a rich assortment of ionic channels combine variously in the soma-dendritic membranes of different neurons to produce a ... More


Cognitive electrophysiology of humans parahippocampal structures

Eric Halgren

in The Parahippocampal Region: Organization and Role in Cognitive Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198509172
eISBN:
9780191724626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509172.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Various anatomical studies describe the parahippocampal gyrus (pHCg) as a nexus where influences from multiple limbic and neocortical sources can converge, mingle, and return. Corresponding to these ... More


Testing the theories

Richard Byrne

in The Thinking Ape: Evolutionary Origins of Intelligence

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198522652
eISBN:
9780191688676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522652.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Chapters 12 and 13 discussed two broadly competing types of ‘challenge’ theories for the origin of enhanced primate intelligence. In order to evaluate them, we need to find out which challenge best ... More


Smell and Flavor

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Neurogastronomy: How the Brain Creates Flavor and Why It Matters

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231159111
eISBN:
9780231530316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231159111.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The olfactory cortex begins the task of creating the brain's representation of “smell objects” representing the food we are consuming. What is now needed is someone to “read” the smell object in a ... More


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