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Evaluation of predictive genetic tests for common diseases: bridging epidemiological, clinical, and public health measures

A. Cecile J. W. Janssens, Marta Gwinn, and Muin J. Khoury

in Human Genome Epidemiology, 2nd Edition: Building the evidence for using genetic information to improve health and prevent disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195398441
eISBN:
9780199776023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398441.003.0022
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses how clinical epidemiologic concepts and methods can be used to assess whether one or more genetic variants (e.g. genome profiles) can be used to predict risk for human ... More


The Saltwater Frontier: Indians and the Contest for the American Coast

Andrew Lipman

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300207668
eISBN:
9780300216691
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300207668.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Native American Studies

This book presents the previously untold story of how the ocean became a “frontier” between colonists and Indians. When the English and Dutch empires both tried to claim the same patch of coast ... More


New “Heads” And Multicultural Navigators: Race, Ethnicity, Poverty, and Social Capital

Prudence L. Carter

in Keepin' It Real: School Success Beyond Black and White

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195168624
eISBN:
9780199943968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168624.003.0034
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter describes low-income African American and Latino students' primary social networks and discusses the so-called multicultural navigators as social capital. It explains that multicultural ... More


The Critique of Religious War

Norman Housley

in Religious Warfare in Europe 1400-1536

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199552283
eISBN:
9780191716515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552283.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

The tendency to sanctify warfare was criticized for a number of reasons. First there was the issue of human agency, the perception that placing God's work in the hands of his sinful creation all too ... More


Medieval Europe and Africa

J. R. S. Phillips

in The Medieval Expansion of Europe

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207405
eISBN:
9780191677656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207405.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

Europeans did not have much knowledge of Africa in the medieval period compared to Asia. This chapter reveals that knowledge of East Africa was probably very slight before the late 14th century. By ... More


Geography in the fifteenth century

J. R. S. Phillips

in The Medieval Expansion of Europe

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207405
eISBN:
9780191677656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207405.003.0011
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

During the 15th century, little seemed to have changed at the level of popular travel literature. Important developments in the ideas of theoretical geographers also took place. There was another ... More


Conclusion

J. R. S. Phillips

in The Medieval Expansion of Europe

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207405
eISBN:
9780191677656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207405.003.0013
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter provides an oversimplification of the history of European expansion in the medieval period. Many of the exploits referred to so far achieved either limited or no success. Some of the ... More


From Nuclear Exodus to Cultural Reawakening: A Navigator’s Journey in the Marshall Islands

Joseph H. Genz

in At Home and in the Field: Ethnographic Encounters in Asia and the Pacific Islands

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824847593
eISBN:
9780824868215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824847593.003.0034
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter explores the revival of indigenous navigation in the Marshall Islands. Its primary concern is how Marshallese navigators orient themselves at sea. By ethnographically exploring this ... More


Who Was “Biaxio Sirdomap”?

Benjamin B. Olshin

in The Mysteries of the Marco Polo Maps

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226149820
eISBN:
9780226149967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226149967.003.0002
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cartography

Chapters 2 to 6 examine the various maps and documents in detail. Chapter 2 discusses the “Sirdomap Map”, which takes its name from an unknown Syrian mariner, a certain “Biaxio Sirdomap.” The map ... More


Prominent Metrics Systems

Michael M. Weinstein and Ralph M. Bradburd

in The Robin Hood Rules for Smart Giving

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231158367
eISBN:
9780231535243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231158367.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

This chapter compares Relentless Monetization with several prominent alternative systems of metrics, with particular emphasis on four large-picture questions. First, do the metrics systems tackle the ... More


The Navigator

Tamara Plakins Thornton

in Nathaniel Bowditch and the Power of Numbers: "How a Nineteenth-Century Man of Business, Science, and the Sea Changed American Life"

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781469626932
eISBN:
9781469628110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469626932.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter focuses on the content, significance, critique, and ultimate success of Bowditch’s New American Practical Navigator (1802). A revised and expanded version of an English nautical manual, ... More


Science During the Portuguese Maritime Discoveries: A Telling Case of Interaction Between Experimenters and Theoreticians

Onésimo T. Almeida

in Science in the Spanish and Portuguese Empires, 1500-1800

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804753586
eISBN:
9780804776332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804753586.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Portuguese navigators have produced a significant body of literature that confirms that certain important developments in Portugal paved the way for modernity and an experimentalist attitude toward ... More


First Impressions: Initial English Confrontation with Africans

Winthrop D. Jordan

in White Over Black: American Attitudes toward the Negro, 1550-1812

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807834022
eISBN:
9781469600765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807838686_jordan.7
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter shows that English voyagers did not touch upon the shores of West Africa until after 1550, nearly a century after Prince Henry the Navigator had mounted the sustained Portuguese thrust ... More


Bearings Straight—An Introduction

in Rhumb Lines and Map Wars: A Social History of the Mercator Projection

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226534312
eISBN:
9780226534329
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226534329.003.0001
Subject:
History, World Modern History

The Mercator map addresses the sailor's fear of storms by providing a reliable base for plotting meteorological data for tropical regions. Mercator, who published his celebrated world map of 1569 as ... More


The Retail Donor Perspective

Mary Kay Gugerty and Dean Karlan

in The Goldilocks Challenge: Right-Fit Evidence for the Social Sector

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780199366088
eISBN:
9780199366118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199366088.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter teases apart the information shortfalls in the philanthropy market for individual donors. Donors that want to use the CART principles to evaluate nonprofit organizations have little ... More


Corporate Crusades: Markets, Missions, and R. G. LeTourneau’s Cold War

Darren E. Grem

in The Blessings of Business: Corporate America and the Rise of Conservative Evangelicalism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780199927975
eISBN:
9780190467012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199927975.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter provides an international framework for understanding the shape of mid-century conservative evangelicalism. It shows how businessmen like R. G. LeTourneau used state monies to build ... More


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