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The Interpretation of Nature and the Origins of Physico‐Theology

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199296446
eISBN:
9780191711985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296446.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

There was always a lack of fit between natural philosophy and natural history in the Aristotelian tradition, and the latter was better adapted to the Christian idea of the universe as something ... More


Clonality: The Genetics, Ecology, and Evolution of Sexual Abstinence in Vertebrate Animals

John C. Avise

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195369670
eISBN:
9780199871063
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369670.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

About 99.9% of vertebrate species reproduce sexually. This makes the exceptional 0.1%—the asexual or clonal reproducers—fascinating in their own right, and also uniquely instructive about the ... More


f i v e The Universal Natural History The Purposiveness of Nature

Martin Schöneld

in The Philosophy of the Young Kant: The Precritical Project

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195132182
eISBN:
9780199786336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195132181.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explores Kant’s second book, Universal Natural History and Theory of the Heavens (1755). Section 1 describes the context of the book and Kant’s critique of static and anthropocentric ... More


Bloom: The Botanical Vernacular in the English Novel

Amy M. King

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195161519
eISBN:
9780199787838
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161519.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

Starting from the botanical crazes inspired by Linnaeus in the 18th century, and exploring the variations it spawned — natural history, landscape architecture, polemical battles over botany's ... More


f o u r f o u r The Conversion to Newton

Martin Schöneld

in The Philosophy of the Young Kant: The Precritical Project

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195132182
eISBN:
9780199786336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195132181.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explores Kant’s studies from 1754 to 1757, the application of his dynamic perspectives to fire, tides, the Earth’s rotation, climate, winds, and earthquakes. Section 1 surveys the ... More


Encyclopedia as Artefact

Trevor Murphy

in Pliny the Elder's Natural History: The Empire in the Encyclopedia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199262885
eISBN:
9780191719004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199262885.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This introductory chapter argues for a reading of Pliny's encyclopaedia as a political document, a cultural artefact of the Roman empire just as much as the Encyclopaedia Britannica was an artefact ... More


Eliot's Vernaculars: Natural Objects and Revisionary Blooms

Amy M. King

in Bloom: The Botanical Vernacular in the English Novel

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195161519
eISBN:
9780199787838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161519.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

This chapter traces the way George Eliot's novels extend the courtship plot to nonmarital sexuality, or what Linnaeus called “clandestine marriage.” It explores how 19th-century natural history and ... More


The Shape of the Natural History

Trevor Murphy

in Pliny the Elder's Natural History: The Empire in the Encyclopedia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199262885
eISBN:
9780191719004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199262885.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter examines the taxonomies upon which the Natural History is built. It shows that the central organizing principle of the encyclopaedia is to divide things into categories by contrast, but ... More


Triumphal Geography

Trevor Murphy

in Pliny the Elder's Natural History: The Empire in the Encyclopedia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199262885
eISBN:
9780191719004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199262885.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter considers metaphors of geographical description found in the Natural History. It argues that the narrative and biographical qualities of the Natural History's geography suggest a reason ... More


Encyclopedias and Monuments

Trevor Murphy

in Pliny the Elder's Natural History: The Empire in the Encyclopedia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199262885
eISBN:
9780191719004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199262885.003.0007
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This conclusion considers the conceptual importance of the Roman emperor as arbiter of what might be known about nature, the unspoken tension between the Natural History and the emperor, and the ... More


Consonant Epenthesis: Natural and Unnatural Histories

Juliette Blevins

in Linguistic Universals and Language Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298495
eISBN:
9780191711442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298495.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter argues that there are clear natural and unnatural histories for patterns of consonant insertion which make no reference to syllable onset or segmental markedness. It offers new ways of ... More


Parallel Paths in Nature

Frederick Rowe Davis

in The Man Who Saved Sea Turtles: Archie Carr and the Origins of Conservation Biology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195310771
eISBN:
9780199790098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310771.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Early in life, Carr developed an appreciation of nature through his own initiative and through hunting and fishing trips with his father. Carr's interest in natural history and herpetology evolved at ... More


Knowledge as a Commodity

Trevor Murphy

in Pliny the Elder's Natural History: The Empire in the Encyclopedia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199262885
eISBN:
9780191719004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199262885.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter addresses the mutually beneficial relationship between Roman expansionism and the Natural History. It is Roman power that is credited with allowing the encyclopaedia's global design to ... More


What Do Nature Writers Want?

Dana Phillips

in The Truth of Ecology: Nature, Culture, Literature in America

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195137699
eISBN:
9780199787937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137699.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

This chapter offers a sustained discussion of American “nature writing” which in the narrow sense of the term refers to a nonfiction prose essay describing its author's efforts to establish an ... More


Living and Dead Matter

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Collapse of Mechanism and the Rise of Sensibility: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1680-1760

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199594931
eISBN:
9780191595745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594931.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

Mid‐eighteenth century studies of electricity and chemistry encouraged an understanding of matter as something active, but they were unable to offer any account of what this activity was in general ... More


Darwinian Detectives: Revealing the Natural History of Genes and Genomes

Norman A. Johnson

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195306750
eISBN:
9780199790203
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306750.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Some six million years ago, two branches of the evolutionary tree diverged: one that led to chimpanzees and bonobos, and one that led to us. Extraordinary advances in our ability to obtain and ... More


Pattern and Process: Natural History Museum Exhibits on Evolution

Judy Diamond and Patrick Kociolek

in Evolution Challenges: Integrating Research and Practice in Teaching and Learning about Evolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199730421
eISBN:
9780199949557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730421.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Of any public institution, natural history museums have the most extensive intellectual and physical resources for teaching the public about evolution. This chapter traces how evolution exhibits in ... More


Natural history

Peter R. Anstey

in John Locke and Natural Philosophy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199589777
eISBN:
9780191725487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589777.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that, given our lack of epistemic access to the inner natures of substances, Locke believed that the correct method of natural philosophy is the construction of Baconian natural ... More


Uses of Philosophy

Nicholas Halmi

in The Genealogy of the Romantic Symbol

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199212415
eISBN:
9780191707223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212415.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

This chapter argues that the Enlightenment in its multiplicity made the Romantic concept of a universal and inherently meaningful symbolism not only intellectually desirable, but philosophically ... More


“To Explain Grace Requires a Curious Hand”: Marianne Moore’s Interdisciplinary Digressions

Srikanth Reddy

in Changing Subjects: Digressions in Modern American Poetry

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199791026
eISBN:
9780199950287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791026.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Poetry, American, 20th Century Literature

This chapter considers the literary excursus as a means of organizing knowledge in the poetry of instruction under the American Progressive movement. Marianne Moore’s poetry testifies to a profound ... More


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