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Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Samir Okasha

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Does natural selection act primarily on individual organisms, on groups, on genes, or on whole species? This book provides a comprehensive analysis of the long-standing controversy in evolutionary ... More


Why Think?: Evolution and the Rational Mind

Ronald de Sousa

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195189858
eISBN:
9780199868377
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189858.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In a world where natural selection has shaped adaptations of astonishing ingenuity, what is the scope and unique power of rational thinking? This book looks at the twin set of issues surrounding the ... More


An Enthusiasm for Orchids: Sex and Deception in Plant Evolution

John Alcock

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182743
eISBN:
9780199790005
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182743.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book reviews a variety of evolutionary themes and uses the small terrestrial orchids of Australia to introduce and illustrate these themes. Among the topics explored are the competing ideas of ... More


Minds and Gods: The Cognitive Foundations of Religion

Todd Tremlin

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195305340
eISBN:
9780199784721
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305345.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This book provides an introduction to the cognitive science of religion, a new discipline of study that explains the origins and persistence of religious ideas and behavior on the basis of evolved ... More


Selection: The Mechanism of Evolution

Graham Bell

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198569725
eISBN:
9780191717741
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569725.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Adaptation is caused by selection continually winnowing the genetic variation created by mutation. In the last ten years, our knowledge of how selection operates on populations in the field and in ... More


Lifetime reproductive success and sexual selection theory

Walter D. Koenig

in Dragonflies and Damselflies: Model Organisms for Ecological and Evolutionary Research

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230693
eISBN:
9780191710889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230693.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

This chapter summarizes studies of lifetime reproductive success (LRS) conducted on odonates. Such studies have focused on many characters, but have typically concluded that survivorship — the main ... More


 What Is Evolutionary Biology and Where Is It Coming From?

Paul F. Lurquin and Linda Stone

in Evolution and Religious Creation Myths: How Scientists Respond

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195315387
eISBN:
9780199785674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315387.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter describes the Darwin-Wallace theory of evolution by natural selection. In particular, it explains the notion of fitness, which underlies the concepts of descent with modification and the ... More


Evolutionary Novelties: The Origin of Homologs

Günter P. Wagner

in Homology, Genes, and Evolutionary Innovation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156460
eISBN:
9781400851461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156460.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines the evolutionary processes that led to the origin of body parts, with particular emphasis on the concept of “novelties.” It first considers the distinction between the evolution ... More


Evolution 101: The Power of Natural Selection

R. Ford Denison

in Darwinian Agriculture: How Understanding Evolution Can Improve Agriculture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139500
eISBN:
9781400842810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139500.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter considers some definitions and fundamental concepts of evolutionary biology, with a particular focus on the power of natural selection to improve the adaptation of individual plants and ... More


Life and the Riddle of Randomness

John Tyler Bonner

in Randomness in Evolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157016
eISBN:
9781400846429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157016.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter first discusses the concept of randomness and its role in evolution. Unlike natural selection which carves out novelties that lead to evolution, randomness seems to go nowhere; it just ... More


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