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Are Electoral Studies a Rosetta Stone for Parts of Social Sciences?

Rein Taagepera

in Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534661
eISBN:
9780191715921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534661.003.0017
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Some aspects of social sciences can be made more predictive and, in this sense, more like natural sciences. Electoral studies have many variables with a natural zero (ratio variables), which makes ... More


Kant's System of Nature and Freedom: Selected Essays

Paul Guyer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199273461
eISBN:
9780191706196
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273461.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, General

The chapters in the first part of this book explore Kant's conception of the systematicity of concepts and laws as the ultimate goals of natural science, explore the implications of Kant's account of ... More


INTRODUCTION: THE SPIRIT OF POSITIVISM AND THE SEARCH FOR ALTERNATIVES THE SPIRIT OF POSITIVISM AND THE SEARCH FOR ALTERNATIVES Musicology and Criticism at the End of the Nineteenth Century

Kevin C. Karnes

in Music, Criticism, and the Challenge of History: Shaping Modern Musical Thought in Late Nineteenth Century Vienna

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195368666
eISBN:
9780199867547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368666.003.0001
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This chapter examines the calls made by Eduard Hanslick and Guido Adler to transform the study of music after the model of the natural sciences in light of statements on science and historical study ... More


Paths of Science: The Maturation of a Public Ideal

John P. Herron

in Science and the Social Good: Nature, Culture, and Community, 1865-1965

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195383546
eISBN:
9780199870523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383546.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on the life of Clarence King. Among the first generation of academically trained scientists in America, King had many options. He could follow the path of many of his classmates ... More


Poetic Revolutions: The Search for Natural Harmony

John P. Herron

in Science and the Social Good: Nature, Culture, and Community, 1865-1965

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195383546
eISBN:
9780199870523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383546.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century, American History: 20th Century

This chapter continues the discussion of the life of Rachel Carson. Human interaction with the nonhuman world was at the foundation of Carson's environmental vision. Her childhood nature writing, for ... More


Vertical History: Using Mountains to Measure Men

John P. Herron

in Science and the Social Good: Nature, Culture, and Community, 1865-1965

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195383546
eISBN:
9780199870523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383546.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century, American History: 20th Century

This chapter continues the discussion of the life of Clarence King. King's search for natural truths bore the imprint of John Ruskin, but his obsession with masculine science and adventure as a means ... More


The Biological Century: The Cultural Importance of Ecological Process

John P. Herron

in Science and the Social Good: Nature, Culture, and Community, 1865-1965

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195383546
eISBN:
9780199870523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383546.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on the life of Rachel Carson. In late summer of 1929, 22-year-old Rachel Carson arrived at the Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) in Woods Hole, Massachusetts. A recent graduate ... More


Kant and the Sciences

Eric Watkins (ed.)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195133059
eISBN:
9780199786169
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195133056.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Kant’s contributions to the central problems of philosophy — metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, and aesthetics — have received considerable attention. What is far less studied is his interest in the ... More


Nature and Understanding: The Metaphysics and Method of Science

Nicholas Rescher

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261826
eISBN:
9780191698781
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261826.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Nature and Understanding explores the prospect of looking from a scientific point of view at such central ideas of traditional metaphysics as the simplicity of nature, its ... More


Roughly Thoreau

Maurice S. Lee

in Uncertain Chances: Science, Skepticism, and Belief in Nineteenth-Century American Literature

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199797578
eISBN:
9780199932412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199797578.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, American, 19th Century Literature

This chapter focuses on the radical empiricism of Walden, Thoreau’s journals, and his later scientific writings. As an artist, philosopher, surveyor, fisherman, and naturalist, Thoreau comes to ... More


Music, Criticism, and the Challenge of History: Shaping Modern Musical Thought in Late Nineteenth Century Vienna

Kevin Karnes

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195368666
eISBN:
9780199867547
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368666.001.0001
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This book provides a first look at the ideological dilemmas and methodological anxieties that pervaded the discipline of musicology (in German, Musikwissenschaft, encompassing music theory, analysis, ... More


‘Oxford for Arts’: The Natural Sciences, 1880–1914

Janet Howarth

in The History of the University of Oxford: Volume VII: Nineteenth-Century Oxford, Part 2

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199510177
eISBN:
9780191700972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199510177.003.0020
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The reputation of Oxford science deteriorated sharply in the half-century following the Commissions of the 1870s. The Devonshire Commission had bestowed qualified praise on both Oxford and Cambridge ... More


The Forest and the Trees: Natural Science and Social Justice

John P. Herron

in Science and the Social Good: Nature, Culture, and Community, 1865-1965

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195383546
eISBN:
9780199870523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383546.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century, American History: 20th Century

This chapter continues the discussion of the life of Robert Marshall. In the first two decades of the century, many Jews, native and foreign-born, shared in the growth opportunities available in ... More


God and the Contingent Universe

Thomas F. Torrance

in Divine and Contingent Order

Published in print:
1981
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198266587
eISBN:
9780191683053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198266587.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The basic problem in the relations between theological science and natural science has to do with a deep paradox at the heart of natural science itself. The understanding of the contingent nature of ... More


True Places: Searching for Wild Nature in an Urban Age

John P. Herron

in Science and the Social Good: Nature, Culture, and Community, 1865-1965

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195383546
eISBN:
9780199870523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383546.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on the life of Robert Marshall. Marshall dedicated his career to expanding the application of the natural sciences, especially his field of forestry. He recognized the primary ... More


Remaking the Science of Mind: Psychology as Natural Science

Gary Hatfield

in Inventing Human Science: Eighteenth-Century Domains

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520200104
eISBN:
9780520916227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520200104.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Theory and Practice

Although the philosophers of the seventeenth century rejected the Aristotelian theory of the soul as the substantial form of the body, they did not always deviate from the Aristotelian conception of ... More


religion is for dummies and romantics

D. Jason Slone

in Theological Incorrectness: Why Religious People Believe What They Shouldn't

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195169263
eISBN:
9780199835256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169263.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Most people are aware of the existence of theological incorrectness, but often dismiss it as a harmless bit of folk religion. Theological correctness, however, challenges every bit of conventional ... More


Introduction: Realism and Naturalism in the Philosophy of Science

J. D. Trout

in Measuring the Intentional World: Realism, Naturalism, and Quantitative Methods in the Behavioral Sciences

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195107661
eISBN:
9780199786152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195107667.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This introductory chapter leads the reader through the major positions, issues, and disputes in 20th century philosophy of science, and describes the evidential conditions that authorize an argument ... More


 Domain Introduction

Linda Waite

in Interdisciplinary Research: Case Studies from Health and Social Science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195324273
eISBN:
9780199893966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195324273.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents an overview of the two chapters (Chapter 14-15) in Part IV of the book. Both chapters point to the merging of questions, theories, and approaches from natural and social ... More


Theological and Scientific World-Views

Thomas F. Torrance

in Divine and Contingent Order

Published in print:
1981
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198266587
eISBN:
9780191683053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198266587.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Natural science has always tended to generate a world-view or cosmology. Today, however, the situation is radically changed. On the one hand, the relentless pressure of its own inquiries has carried ... More


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