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Chance and Laws of Nature in Epicureanism

A. A. Long

in From Epicurus to Epictetus: Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199279128
eISBN:
9780191706769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279128.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

When Epicurus discharged the gods from running the world, he gave new fuel to a controversy which had been raging off and on for the past hundred years, and which would continue not only through the ... More


Kant's Metaphysic of Nature

J. N. Findlay

in Kant and the Transcendental Object: A Hermeneutic Study

Published in print:
1981
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198246381
eISBN:
9780191680960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246381.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter deals with a very perplexing stratum of Kant's teaching: his philosophy of the natural world and our knowledge of it. There are works, for example, in Anthropology, in which Kant treats ... More


Introduction

Rowland Stout

in Things That Happen Because They Should: A Teleological Approach to Action

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240631
eISBN:
9780191680212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240631.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This book argues that intentional actions are unique among natural phenomena in that they happen because they should happen. This is not to say that they happen because they ought to morally, ... More


Explaining Religious Experience

Charles Taliaferro

in The Believing Primate: Scientific, Philosophical, and Theological Reflections on the Origin of Religion

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199557028
eISBN:
9780191701719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557028.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter highlights the importance of methodology in order to explain the religious experience the same way with the philosophy of mind. It focuses on the works of Daniel Dennett such as ... More


Natural Complexity: A Modeling Handbook

Paul Charbonneau

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691176840
eISBN:
9781400885497
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691176840.001.0001
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming

This book provides a short, hands-on introduction to the science of complexity using simple computational models of natural complex systems—with models and exercises drawn from physics, chemistry, ... More


Learning to See: Darwin's Prophetic Apprenticeship on the Beagle Voyage

George Levine

in Darwin the Writer

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199608430
eISBN:
9780191731709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608430.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter takes Darwin's experience on the Beagle as his apprenticeship for his visionary science, which grew out of that experience. It focuses on his extraordinary capacity to ‘see’, and the way ... More


Conceptually Enhanced Simulations: A Computer Tool for Science Teaching

Joseph Snir, Carol Smith, and Lorraine Grosslight

in Software Goes to School: Teaching for Understanding with New Technologies

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195115772
eISBN:
9780199848041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195115772.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Three categories of student understanding toward science are presented, stating that students need to (1) check out overt details about natural circumstances; (2) be familiar with the most recent ... More


Spenser's Giant and the New Science

Judith H. Anderson and Joan Pong Linton

in Go Figure: Energies, Forms, and Institutions in the Early Modern World

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780823233496
eISBN:
9780823241224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823233496.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

New questions about the stability and intelligibility of the universe raised in the last quarter of the sixteenth century help us understand the particular form of the Giant's project and Artegall's ... More


Weather Reports?: Adopting the Mythic View

J. David Pleins

in When the Great Abyss Opened: Classic and Contemporary Readings of Noah's Flood

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199733637
eISBN:
9780199852505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199733637.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

When asked about what myths are, the first definition that would usually come to mind is that myths are stories that are aimed at explaining certain natural phenomena with a very unscientific point ... More


The Accidental Doctor: Physics and Metaphysics in Robinson Crusoe

Christopher R. Miller

in Surprise: The Poetics of the Unexpected from Milton to Austen

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453694
eISBN:
9780801455780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453694.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

This chapter examines the poetics of surprise in Daniel Defoe's Robinson Crusoe. It considers surprise in relation to bourgeois individualism and the rise of industrial capitalism, Puritan traditions ... More


Experiencing the Weather in 1703: Observation and Feelings

in British Weather and the Climate of Enlightenment

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226302058
eISBN:
9780226302065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226302065.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter describes the 1703 weather diary. The 1703 diary shows that its author poised between learned and popular cosmological traditions at the dawn of the Enlightenment. The 1703 weather diary ... More


A Catholic approach to the world

Geoff Baker

in Reading and Politics in Early Modern England: The Mental World of a Seventeenth-century Catholic Gentleman

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719080241
eISBN:
9781781701799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719080241.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter examines how William Blundell's anxieties about aspects of Catholic belief and practice affected his practical engagement with the world. The analysis of the entries in his commonplace ... More


Is Anything Ever New? Considering Emergence

James P. Crutchfield

in Emergence: Contemporary Readings in Philosophy and Science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262026215
eISBN:
9780262268011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026215.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses some of the most engaging natural phenomena, those in which highly structured collective behavior emerges over time from the interaction of simple subsystems. Emergence is ... More


Formulating the Transformation

in The Crafting of the 10,000 Things: Knowledge and Technology in Seventeenth-Century China

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226735849
eISBN:
9780226735856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226735856.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter deals with the subtle interlocking of erudition and empiricism in Song Yingxing's writings. It explores how Song carefully adjusted his schemes and analyzed observational method to argue ... More


Per aenigmate: Mirrors and Lenses as Cognitive Tools in upsoieval and Renaissance Europe

Ofer Gal and Raz Chen-Morris

in Baroque Science

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226923987
eISBN:
9780226923994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923994.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the use of mirrors and lenses as cognitive tools in Europe during the medieval and renaissance periods. It analyzes the medieval and renaissance assumptions about the direct and ... More


Helmholtz’s Choice as a Choice for Reference: The Naturalization of Critique

Isabelle Thomas-Fogiel

in The Death of Philosophy: Reference and Self-reference in Contemporary Thought

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231147781
eISBN:
9780231519632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231147781.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines Hermann von Helmholtz’s positivist reading of Immanuel Kant that tended to “naturalize” the critical project—a resolute naturalism that reflected his scientific training. ... More


The Body as Limit

Amanda Boetzkes

in The Ethics of Earth Art

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816665884
eISBN:
9781452946450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816665884.003.0005
Subject:
Art, Art Theory and Criticism

This chapter addresses artworks that feature the contact between the artist’s body and the earth. It examines the works of Ana Mendieta, Susan Derges, and Jackie Brookner, whose works demonstrate the ... More


Applications of Benford's Law

Arno Berger and Theodore P. Hill

in An Introduction to Benford's Law

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163062
eISBN:
9781400866588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163062.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter provides a overview of the practical applications of Benford's law. These include fraud detection, detection of natural phenomena, diagnostics and design, computations and computer ... More


Celtic Myth, Folklore, and Historical Tradition

Joseph J. Duggan

in The Romances of Chretien de Troyes

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300083576
eISBN:
9780300133707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300083576.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

This chapter shows how Chretien extensively draws upon myth, or narratives that function to explain events of fundamental import, such as natural phenomena or the foundation of social customs and ... More


Conclusion Leaving the Theater

in The Crafting of the 10,000 Things: Knowledge and Technology in Seventeenth-Century China

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226735849
eISBN:
9780226735856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226735856.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter presents a conclusion on Song Yingxing. Song's polemics presented contemporary stylistic, terminological, and linguistic features, and his attitudes exhibited the sociopolitical, ... More


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