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The Interpretation of Nature and the Origins of Physico‐Theology

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199296446
eISBN:
9780191711985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296446.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

There was always a lack of fit between natural philosophy and natural history in the Aristotelian tradition, and the latter was better adapted to the Christian idea of the universe as something ... More


Clonality: The Genetics, Ecology, and Evolution of Sexual Abstinence in Vertebrate Animals

John C. Avise

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195369670
eISBN:
9780199871063
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369670.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

About 99.9% of vertebrate species reproduce sexually. This makes the exceptional 0.1%—the asexual or clonal reproducers—fascinating in their own right, and also uniquely instructive about the ... More


f i v e The Universal Natural History The Purposiveness of Nature

Martin Schöneld

in The Philosophy of the Young Kant: The Precritical Project

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195132182
eISBN:
9780199786336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195132181.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explores Kant’s second book, Universal Natural History and Theory of the Heavens (1755). Section 1 describes the context of the book and Kant’s critique of static and anthropocentric ... More


Bloom: The Botanical Vernacular in the English Novel

Amy M. King

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195161519
eISBN:
9780199787838
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161519.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

Starting from the botanical crazes inspired by Linnaeus in the 18th century, and exploring the variations it spawned — natural history, landscape architecture, polemical battles over botany's ... More


f o u r f o u r The Conversion to Newton

Martin Schöneld

in The Philosophy of the Young Kant: The Precritical Project

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195132182
eISBN:
9780199786336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195132181.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explores Kant’s studies from 1754 to 1757, the application of his dynamic perspectives to fire, tides, the Earth’s rotation, climate, winds, and earthquakes. Section 1 surveys the ... More


Encyclopedia as Artefact

Trevor Murphy

in Pliny the Elder's Natural History: The Empire in the Encyclopedia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199262885
eISBN:
9780191719004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199262885.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This introductory chapter argues for a reading of Pliny's encyclopaedia as a political document, a cultural artefact of the Roman empire just as much as the Encyclopaedia Britannica was an artefact ... More


Eliot's Vernaculars: Natural Objects and Revisionary Blooms

Amy M. King

in Bloom: The Botanical Vernacular in the English Novel

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195161519
eISBN:
9780199787838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161519.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

This chapter traces the way George Eliot's novels extend the courtship plot to nonmarital sexuality, or what Linnaeus called “clandestine marriage.” It explores how 19th-century natural history and ... More


The Shape of the Natural History

Trevor Murphy

in Pliny the Elder's Natural History: The Empire in the Encyclopedia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199262885
eISBN:
9780191719004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199262885.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter examines the taxonomies upon which the Natural History is built. It shows that the central organizing principle of the encyclopaedia is to divide things into categories by contrast, but ... More


Triumphal Geography

Trevor Murphy

in Pliny the Elder's Natural History: The Empire in the Encyclopedia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199262885
eISBN:
9780191719004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199262885.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter considers metaphors of geographical description found in the Natural History. It argues that the narrative and biographical qualities of the Natural History's geography suggest a reason ... More


Encyclopedias and Monuments

Trevor Murphy

in Pliny the Elder's Natural History: The Empire in the Encyclopedia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199262885
eISBN:
9780191719004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199262885.003.0007
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This conclusion considers the conceptual importance of the Roman emperor as arbiter of what might be known about nature, the unspoken tension between the Natural History and the emperor, and the ... More


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