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Crime and Politics: Big Government's Erratic Campaign for Law and Order

Ted Gest

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103434
eISBN:
9780199833887
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103432.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The crime rate in the US has exploded since 1960. Despite decreases in recent years, reported violence in 2001 exceeded the levels of the late 1970s. Government at all levels has tried to address the ... More


Dictionaries of Drugs Slang

Coleman Julie

in A History of Cant and Slang Dictionaries: Volume IV: 1937-1984

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199567256
eISBN:
9780191595073
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567256.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Lexicography

In part fed by developments in youth culture, drug-taking became another major cause for concern during this period, and glossaries were produced for the use of various professional groups dealing ... More


Miles and Bird

Gwen Terry

in Clark: The Autobiography of Clark Terry

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520268463
eISBN:
9780520949782
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520268463.003.0033
Subject:
Music, History, American

In this chapter, Clark describes how the experience of many musicians with the addiction of drugs, especially that of his friend's Miles', and how Clark himself, managed to stay away from any kind of ... More


The Victorian Hippie

Nicholas P. Money

in Mushroom

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199732562
eISBN:
9780199918515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732562.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides, Plant Sciences and Forestry

In an influential book published in 1860, mycologist Mordecai Cubitt Cooke wrote about narcotic plants and the mind-altering effects of the fly agaric mushroom. This book may have inspired some of ... More


Chasing the Shadow of a Region

Alexander Cooley

in Great Games, Local Rules: The New Great Power Contest in Central Asia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199929825
eISBN:
9780199950485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199929825.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapter 9 examines Central Asia’s persistent lack of regional integration, despite regular great power interest in promoting greater cooperation. It overviews some of the region’s common problems, ... More


Cannabis Nation: Control and Consumption in Britain, 1928-2008

James H. Mills

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199283422
eISBN:
9780191746161
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283422.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Cultural History

Cannabis has never been a more controversial substance in Britain. Over the last decade it has been reclassified twice, has been the subject of a range of official investigations and scientific ... More


Other Causes of Insanity

Michael W. Dols and Diana E. Immisch

in Majnūn: The Madman in Medieval Islamic Society

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202219
eISBN:
9780191675218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202219.003.0006
Subject:
History, World Medieval History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

There are a number of mental disorders that are not mentioned in the medieval medical texts that a present-day reader might expect. The reasons for such omissions may be because modern psychiatry ... More


Speaking Truth to Power: Confidential Informants and Police Investigations

Dean A. Dabney and Richard Tewksbury

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780520290464
eISBN:
9780520964624
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520290464.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Confidential informants have long occupied central role in the criminal investigation efforts of law enforcement authorities. Yet, there exists minimal contemporary scholarship to help illuminate the ... More


. Public Health and Private Consciences

George Anastaplo

in Reflections on Life, Death, and the Constitution

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125336
eISBN:
9780813135243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125336.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter deals with public health measures and other programs designed to enhance life, as well as to protect it. It observes that extensive public health programs are taken for granted among us. ... More


Cameroon

Michael Wright, David Clark, and Jennifer Hunt

in Hospice and Palliative Care in Africa: A Review of Developments and Challenges

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199206803
eISBN:
9780191730474
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206803.003.0022
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

Cameroon (population 16.06 million people) is a country in Western Africa bordering the Bight of Biafra that covers an area of 475, 440 km2. In resource-poor areas, the blending of supportive care ... More


Democratic Republic of the Congo (Congo-Kinshasa)

Michael Wright, David Clark, and Jennifer Hunt

in Hospice and Palliative Care in Africa: A Review of Developments and Challenges

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199206803
eISBN:
9780191730474
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206803.003.0024
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

Democratic Republic of the Congo (population 58.32 million people) is a country in Central Africa that covers an area of 2, 345, 410 km2. Interest in palliative care has come to light in the ... More


Current Views on Pain Relief and Terminal Care: First published in The Therapy of Pain (1981), ed. M. Swerdlow, pp. 215–41. Lancaster: MTP Press.

Cicely Saunders

in Cicely Saunders: Selected Writings 1958-2004

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198570530
eISBN:
9780191730412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570530.003.0025
Subject:
Palliative Care, Palliative Medicine Research

This chapter begins with the observation that ‘the use of the word terminal has tended to obscure the fact that it does not always refer to an irreversible state’. Terminal care is seen as a facet of ... More


Drugs acting on reward and punishment systems

Heather Ashton

in Brain Function and Psychotropic Drugs

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192622426
eISBN:
9780191724749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192622426.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter describes drugs that exert major actions on reward and punishment systems and are all drugs of dependence. Some have potent effects on pain systems and are of therapeutic importance ... More


Mainlining along the Line: Building a Transnational Drug Market

Holly M. Karibo

in Sin City North: Sex, Drugs, and Citizenship in the Detroit-Windsor Borderland

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469625201
eISBN:
9781469625225
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625201.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter examines the heroin economy that developed during the late-1940s and 1950s. Americans and Canadians bought and sold narcotics, and mingled with other users in the border cities' bars, ... More


Hustling, Clean and Dirty

Jennifer F. Hamer

in Abandoned in the Heartland: Work, Family, and Living in East St. Louis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520269316
eISBN:
9780520950177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520269316.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter reveals that people who hustle also work in the formal labor market. For East St. Louis African Americans, hustling strategies have been rooted in the city's history. Residents from East ... More


The Johnson Administration: Drug Abuse as a Policy Issue

David F. Musto and Pamela Korsmeyer

in The Quest for Drug Control: Politics and Federal Policy in a Period of Increasing Substance Abuse, 1963-1981

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300090369
eISBN:
9780300137842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300090369.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter discusses drug use during President Lyndon Johnson's term. It notes that by the end of Johnson's presidency, several measures that would soon form a response to drug use were already in ... More


The First Nixon Administration: Early Approaches to Drug Policy

David F. Musto and Pamela Korsmeyer

in The Quest for Drug Control: Politics and Federal Policy in a Period of Increasing Substance Abuse, 1963-1981

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300090369
eISBN:
9780300137842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300090369.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter turns to American drug use during Richard M. Nixon's first years as President. It illustrates the increasing problem through statistics, identifies the five measures that Nixon promised ... More


The Second Nixon Administration: Drug Abuse Control

David F. Musto and Pamela Korsmeyer

in The Quest for Drug Control: Politics and Federal Policy in a Period of Increasing Substance Abuse, 1963-1981

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300090369
eISBN:
9780300137842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300090369.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter rounds up the discussion of Richard M. Nixon's role in illicit drug use in the United States. It can be noted that Nixon was re-elected partly due to his administration's approach to law ... More


Cinematic heroin and narcotic modernity1

Dave Boothroyd

in Culture on Drugs: Narco-cultural Studies of High Modernity

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719055980
eISBN:
9781781700921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719055980.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter focuses on narcotic modernity and the entry of heroin into motion pictures. It explains that the advent of the cinematic technology provided a new means for the distribution of ... More


War and the Special Movement Corps

Frederic Wakeman

in Spymaster: Dai Li and the Chinese Secret Service

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520234079
eISBN:
9780520928763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520234079.003.0017
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter focuses on China's War of Resistance against Japan that broke out in the summer of 1937 and the creation of the Special Movement Corps (SMC). It suggests that the war provided Dai Li ... More


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