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Mutualistic Networks

Jordi Bascompte and Pedro Jordano

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691131269
eISBN:
9781400848720
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691131269.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Mutualistic interactions among plants and animals have played a paramount role in shaping biodiversity. Yet the majority of studies on mutualistic interactions have involved only a few species, as ... More


Biodiversity and Plant-Animal Coevolution

Jordi Bascompte and Pedro Jordano

in Mutualistic Networks

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691131269
eISBN:
9781400848720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691131269.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter begins by tracing the history of research on mutualism. The first studies on mutualism focused on highly specialized one-to-one interactions between one plant and one animal. Examples of ... More


Consequences of Network Structure

Jordi Bascompte and Pedro Jordano

in Mutualistic Networks

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691131269
eISBN:
9781400848720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691131269.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter reviews the consequences of network structure for community robustness in front of perturbations such as species extinctions, habitat loss, and biological invasions. The nested, ... More


Epilogue

Jordi Bascompte and Pedro Jordano

in Mutualistic Networks

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691131269
eISBN:
9781400848720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691131269.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This epilogue summarizes key themes and presents some final thoughts. This book examined one of the most intriguing and central components of biodiversity: ecological interactions. The analysis has ... More


Introduction: The Grass-Endophyte Symbiosis

Gregory P. Cheplick and Stanley H. Faeth

in Ecology and Evolution of the Grass-Endophyte Symbiosis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195308082
eISBN:
9780199867462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308082.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Symbiotic associations between plants and fungi are very common in ecological communities. In grasses, the hyphae of endophytic fungi (Family Clavicipitaceae; Tribe Balansiae) can be found growing ... More


Endophytes and Host-Plant Herbivore Relationships

Gregory P. Cheplick and Stanley H. Faeth

in Ecology and Evolution of the Grass-Endophyte Symbiosis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195308082
eISBN:
9780199867462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308082.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Perhaps the most well-studied attribute of endophyte-infected grasses is their ability to produce alkaloids. These endophytic alkaloids fall into four general classes: 1) pyrrolopyrazine alkaloids; ... More


Evolutionary Ecology of Grass-Endophyte Interactions

Gregory P. Cheplick and Stanley H. Faeth

in Ecology and Evolution of the Grass-Endophyte Symbiosis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195308082
eISBN:
9780199867462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308082.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Because systemic endophytes predominantly inhabit caespitose perennial grasses and seedling recruitment may be relatively scarce, understanding how infection alters the population dynamics and ... More


Invasive Exotic Plant-Bee Interactions

Karen Goodell

in Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter examines the interactions between exotic invasive plants focusing on the following questions: How do bees contribute to invasive plant establishment and spread? How do resident bee ... More


What Could Work Better: Cooperation betwen Two Species

R. Ford Denison

in Darwinian Agriculture: How Understanding Evolution Can Improve Agriculture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139500
eISBN:
9781400842810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139500.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines cooperation between two species and how cooperation among related individuals of one species can also help maintain cooperation between species. It presents some examples of ... More


Adaptive Diversification Due to Cooperative Interactions

Michael Doebeli

in Adaptive Diversification (MPB-48)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128931
eISBN:
9781400838936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128931.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter focuses on adaptive diversification due to cooperative interactions. If predation has received less attention than competition as a cause for the origin and maintenance of diversity, ... More


Rewards and Costs: The Environmental Economics of Pollination

Pat Willmer

in Pollination and Floral Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128610
eISBN:
9781400838943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the environmental economics of pollination, with particular emphasis on the costs that may be incurred and that have to be offset against the rewards gathered. Pollination is ... More


Pollination Using Florivores: From Brood Site Mutualism to Active Pollination

Pat Willmer

in Pollination and Floral Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128610
eISBN:
9781400838943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.003.0026
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines brood site mutualisms, where the pollinators are florivores. In brood site mutualisms, the pollinators are sometimes referred to as nursery pollinators. Here pollination success ... More


An Introduction to Complex Networks

Jordi Bascompte and Pedro Jordano

in Mutualistic Networks

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691131269
eISBN:
9781400848720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691131269.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Mutualisms can involve dozens, even hundreds, of species and this complexity has precluded a serious community-wide approach to plant–animal interactions. The most straightforward way to describe ... More


The Structure of Plant-Animal Mutualistic Networks

Jordi Bascompte and Pedro Jordano

in Mutualistic Networks

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691131269
eISBN:
9781400848720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691131269.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the structure of mutualistic networks. Despite their apparent complexity, mutualistic networks show repeated, universal structural patterns independent of species composition, ... More


Ecological and Evolutionary Mechanisms

Jordi Bascompte and Pedro Jordano

in Mutualistic Networks

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691131269
eISBN:
9781400848720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691131269.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

A persistent challenge in evolutionary biology has been understanding how coevolution has produced complex webs of interacting species. This chapter investigates the suite of ecological, ... More


Mutualistic Networks in Time and Space

Jordi Bascompte and Pedro Jordano

in Mutualistic Networks

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691131269
eISBN:
9781400848720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691131269.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter reviews the combination of empirical and theoretical work describing the dynamics of mutualistic networks in time and space. It also addresses what components of these networks are time ... More


Adaptation: A Special and Onerous Concept

Lee Cronk and Beth L. Leech

in Meeting at Grand Central: Understanding the Social and Evolutionary Roots of Cooperation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154954
eISBN:
9781400845484
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154954.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter examines the concept of adaptation and how it is applied (and sometimes misapplied) to cooperation. It starts with George C. Williams's idea that adaptation is a “special and onerous ... More


The evolution and maintenance of Müllerian mimicry

Graeme D. Ruxton, Thomas N. Sherratt, and Michael P. Speed

in Avoiding Attack: The Evolutionary Ecology of Crypsis, Warning Signals and Mimicry

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528609
eISBN:
9780191713392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528609.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

The individuals of a population using an aposematic signal must pay a mortality cost during the period when predators are educated about the signal. The per-capita cost could be reduced if two or ... More


Species interactions

Bryan Shorrocks

in The Biology of African Savannahs

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198570660
eISBN:
9780191717680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570660.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter starts by examining a simple classification of interaction between just two species into +, 0, or -. This produces a 3x3 matrix which reduces to six possible interactions. Only three ... More


Mutualisms and community organization

David Kothamasi, E. Toby Kiers, and Marcel G.A. van der Heijden

in Community Ecology: Processes, Models, and Applications

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199228973
eISBN:
9780191711169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228973.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

A major aim in ecology is to understand the determinants of plant community structure. Here we focus on mutualisms and how these positive interactions between distinct species influence plant ... More


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