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Avian Flight

John J. Videler

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199299928
eISBN:
9780191714924
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299928.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

Bird flight has always intrigued mankind. This book provides an up-to-date account of the existing knowledge on the subject, offering new insights and challenges some established views. A brief ... More


Current Methods in Muscle Physiology: Advantages, Problems and Limitations

Haruo Sugi (ed.)

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523970
eISBN:
9780191724480
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523970.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Despite extensive physiological, biochemical, and structural studies, the mechanisms of muscle contraction operating in living muscle fibres are still not clearly understood. This book aims to ... More


The Biomechanics of Movement Control

Walter Herzog

in Motor Control: Theories, Experiments, and Applications

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195395273
eISBN:
9780199863518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395273.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The control of joint movements through muscles represents a mathematically redundant problem: that is, there are more muscles than are strictly required for a given task. However, despite this ... More


Basic neuromuscular properties

Daniel Kernell

in The Motoneurone and its Muscle Fibres

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526551
eISBN:
9780191723896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526551.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This is a tutorial chapter, mainly aiming to introduce the neuromuscular system. Treated items include basic aspects of skeletal muscle and peripheral axon physiology, principles of sensory and motor ... More


The bird flight engine

John J. Videler

in Avian Flight

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199299928
eISBN:
9780191714924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299928.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

Movements of the skeleton of a starling in flight visualized with high speed X-ray film techniques provide 3-D insight on internal wing beat dynamics. The timing of electrical activities (EMGs) of ... More


Evolutionary Development and Anatomy of the Hand

Lynette A. Jones and Susan J. Lederman

in Human Hand Function

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195173154
eISBN:
9780199786749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173154.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter considers the evolutionary development of the hand within the context of changes in the structure and function of primate hands. The differences between modern human and nonhuman primate ... More


Short-term plasticity: fatigue and potentiation

Daniel Kernell

in The Motoneurone and its Muscle Fibres

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526551
eISBN:
9780191723896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526551.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The functional properties of neurones, synapses, and muscles often change as a result of preceding use. In the short term (minutes to hours), such changes are typically rather rapidly reversible and ... More


Denervation and reinnervation

Daniel Kernell

in The Motoneurone and its Muscle Fibres

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526551
eISBN:
9780191723896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526551.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter is concerned with the slow processes and cellular adaptations taking place after the transection of motor axons. For axotomized motoneurones, changes occur in their morphology, membrane ... More


Long-term plasticity

Daniel Kernell

in The Motoneurone and its Muscle Fibres

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526551
eISBN:
9780191723896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526551.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter deals with long-term (weeks, months) changes in the properties of motoneurones and muscle fibres after disuse or after various patterns of enhanced activity. In voluntary motor activity ... More


Intramembrane Charge Movements in Striated Muscle

Christopher L.-H. Huang

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198577492
eISBN:
9780191724190
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198577492.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This book provides a review of developments made in the understanding of cellular activation phenomena in striated muscle. Basic physical, mathematical, and physiological principles are covered. The ... More


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