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A case study from neuroscience involving stereology and multivariate analysis

Luis M. Cruz-Orive, Ana M. Insausti, Ricardo Insausti, and Dámaso Crespo

in Quantitative Methods in Neuroscience: A Neuroanatomical Approach

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198505280
eISBN:
9780191723766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198505280.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Downs syndrome is characterized by a triplication of chromosome 21 (HSA-21), and is the most frequent cause of mental retardation in the newborn. A special trisomic mouse (Ts65Dn) is a well known ... More


Making Sense of Associations

J. H. Abramson and Z. H. Abramson

in Making Sense of Data: A Self-Instruction Manual on the Interpretation of Epidemiological Data

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195145250
eISBN:
9780199864775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195145250.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The exercises in this section deal with the assessment of associations between variables, with special reference to possible effects of shortcomings in the study methods, the strength and other ... More


Basic Statistics in Multivariate Analysis

Karen A. Randolph and Laura L. Myers

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199764044
eISBN:
9780199332533
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764044.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

The complexity of social problems necessitates that social work researchers utilize multivariate statistical methods in their investigations. Having a thorough understanding of basic statistics can ... More


Basic Concepts and Assumptions

Patrick Dattalo

in Analysis of Multiple Dependent Variables

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199773596
eISBN:
9780199332564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199773596.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter begins with an introduction to multivariate procedures, which allow social workers and other human services researchers to analyze multidimensional social problems and interventions in ... More


Chance variation

J. Mark Elwood

in Critical Appraisal of Epidemiological Studies and Clinical Trials

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198529552
eISBN:
9780191723865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529552.003.07
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the effects of chance variation that can be assessed by applying statistical tests. It is divided into three parts: the application of statistical tests and confidence limits ... More


A Multivariate Approach to Continuity, Contact, and Leveling

Ricardo Otheguy and Ana Celia Zentella

in Spanish in New York: Language Contact, Dialectal Leveling, and Structural Continuity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199737406
eISBN:
9780199918621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737406.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Grouping categories are reconceptualized as independent variables. Pronoun rate is the dependent variable. The need for multivariate regression analysis is explained. The independent variables are ... More


An overview of models and methods for life course analysis

Andrew Pickles and Bianca De Stavola

in Epidemiological Methods in Life Course Research

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198528487
eISBN:
9780191723940
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528487.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins by considering the range of different aspects of the disease process that life course analysis must address. Given the essential longitudinal nature of much life course analysis, ... More


The Discrete-Time Models

Guo Shenyang

in Survival Analysis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195337518
eISBN:
9780199864256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195337518.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter reviews the first type of multivariate model analyzing time-to-event data: the discrete-time models. The primary feature of this type of model is its approximation of hazard rate by ... More


Introduction

Karen A. Randolph and Laura L. Myers

in Basic Statistics in Multivariate Analysis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199764044
eISBN:
9780199332533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764044.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Chapter 1 defines important terms including basic statistics, multivariate analysis, and inferential statistics, as a way to introduce readers to the book’s premise—that a thorough understanding of ... More


Statistics in aetiological studies

Ian Shrier and Russell J. Steele

in Sports Injury Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199561629
eISBN:
9780191722479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561629.003.10
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Analyses used to unravel the multi-causal pathway leading to injury are more difficult than the commonly used univariate analyses. This chapter shows in detail the differences between univariate and ... More


Bivariate and Multivariate Analyses

Arend Lijphart

in Electoral Systems and Party Systems: A Study of Twenty-Seven Democracies, 1945-1990

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198273479
eISBN:
9780191684050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198273479.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter discusses the result of the bivariate and multivariate analyses of the seventy electoral systems used in major democratic parliamentary elections in different countries. It explains the ... More


Overcoming self-report: Possibilities and limitations of brain imaging in psychiatry

David Linden

in I Know What You're Thinking: Brain imaging and mental privacy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199596492
eISBN:
9780191745669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596492.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

The main techniques of functional neuroimaging and the application of multivariate pattern analysis for ‘brain reading’ can be applied to psychiatric questions in the following main ways: to ... More


Choosing among Procedures for the Analysis of Multiple Dependent Variables

Patrick Dattalo

in Analysis of Multiple Dependent Variables

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199773596
eISBN:
9780199332564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199773596.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter summarizes similarities and differences between multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA), multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA), multivariate multiple regression (MMR), and ... More


The Rise of Quantitative Paleobiology

David Sepkoski

in Rereading the Fossil Record: The Growth of Paleobiology as an Evolutionary Discipline

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226748559
eISBN:
9780226748580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226748580.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology

Paleobiology has developed over time and it is now increasingly tending towards a reliance on quantification. Quantification became closely associated with theoretical work on evolution. Quantitative ... More


Introduction: Goals and Methods

Arend Lijphart

in Electoral Systems and Party Systems: A Study of Twenty-Seven Democracies, 1945-1990

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198273479
eISBN:
9780191684050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198273479.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This introductory chapter explains the objective of this book, which is to analyse the operation and the political consequences of electoral systems, especially the degree of proportionality of their ... More


Mothers as Pupils in Health Care Settings

Robert A. Levine, Sarah E. Levine, Beatrice Schnell-Anzola, Meredith L. Rowe, and Emily Dexter

in Literacy and Mothering: How Women’s Schooling Changes the Lives of the World's Children

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195309829
eISBN:
9780199932733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309829.003.0046
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

In this chapter the literacy-mediation hypothesis – that the acquisition of academic literacy influences health literacy and health navigation skills – is tested in the four-country data and the ... More


Evidence Synthesis for Informing Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Thomas A. Trikalinos, Louise B. Russell, and Gillian D. Sanders

in Cost-Effectiveness in Health and Medicine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780190492939
eISBN:
9780190492960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190492939.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This is a new chapter, highlighting the importance of interpreting, adjusting, and synthesizing evidence for informing cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) models. The chapter goes beyond the original ... More


Identifying the Scale in Community Ecology

T.F.H. Allen and Thomas B. Starr

in Hierarchy: Perspectives for Ecological Complexity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226489544
eISBN:
9780226489711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226489711.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Plant community data of species in places are compressed to give meaningful pattern in a lower dimension space. The outcome of analysis is affected by the context and transformation of the data. All ... More


Scaling Justice: India's Supreme Court, Social Rights, and Civil Liberties

Shylashri Shankar

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195693201
eISBN:
9780199081998
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195693201.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

Most experts agree that India's Supreme Court and lower courts' pro-active behaviour on social rights can be traced back to the immediate post-Emergency era. Post-Emergency, judges have become ... More


Internal Evidence for Continuity and Contact

Ricardo Otheguy and Ana Celia Zentella

in Spanish in New York: Language Contact, Dialectal Leveling, and Structural Continuity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199737406
eISBN:
9780199918621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737406.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

The study of internal (grammatical and discourse‐communicative) independent variables is distinguished from external social variables. Multivariate analysis is now logistic regression. Explanations ... More


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