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Proximal-to-Distal Sequencing Behavior and Motor Cortex

Nicholas G. Hatsopoulos, Leonel Olmedo, and Kazutaka Takahashi

in Motor Control: Theories, Experiments, and Applications

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195395273
eISBN:
9780199863518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395273.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Proximal-to-distal sequencing of limb segments is characteristic of a number of motor behaviors, including throwing, hitting, jumping, and perhaps even reach-to-grasp. Moreover, shoulder- and ... More


Ethologically Relevant Movements Mapped on the Motor Cortex

Michael S. A

in Primate Neuroethology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195326598
eISBN:
9780199864904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326598.003.0023
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter reviews evidence that motor cortex in primates is not organized according to topographic maps related to the body surface, but is organized according to species-typical motor behavior. ... More


Peeling Off Our Conscious Lives

Cyriel M. A. Pennartz

in The Brain's Representational Power: On Consciousness and the Integration of Modalities

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029315
eISBN:
9780262330121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029315.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter presents a fictive experiment in which a person named Harry voluntarily undergoes neurosurgical operations by which various cognitive processes are reversibly abolished. This paves the ... More


Beyond Neurotransmission: Neuromodulation and its Importance for Information Processing

Paul Katz (ed.)

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524243
eISBN:
9780191724435
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524243.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

There are many modes of communication that neurons use to transmit information besides what has come to be called neurotransmission. Many of these other types of communication can be classified as ... More


Muscle activation patterns and joint-angle coordination in multijoint movements

Stan Gielen

in Multisensory Control of Movement

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198547853
eISBN:
9780191724268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198547853.003.0159
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Although human motor performance appears to be remarkably flexible and easy, the underlying neuronal operations are only vaguely understood, even for well-studied eye, head, and arm movements. The ... More


Cognition in Action: A New Look at the Cortical Motor System

Vittorio Gallese and Corrado Sinigaglia

in Agency and Joint Attention

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199988341
eISBN:
9780199346295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199988341.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

A series of empirical results almost forces us to abandon our reluctance to deal with the intentional aspects of action, at least at the basic level. Neurophysiological evidence shows that the ... More


The role of inhibition in the motor control of finger function

Christian Gerloff and Friedhelm Hummel

in Music, Motor Control and the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199298723
eISBN:
9780191700903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298723.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

Successful music performance requires adequate contextual control of behaviour, that is, the retrieval and non-retrieval, or inhibition, of learned actions. This chapter describes recent advances in ... More


Correlations between corticospinal connections and function

Robert Porter and Roger Lemon

in Corticospinal Function and Voluntary Movement

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523758
eISBN:
9780191724404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523758.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Motor behaviour has been studied extensively both under natural conditions and also in experimental test situations in the laboratory. Descriptions of motor performance in a variety of animals, and ... More


Spatial Innervation Patterns of Single Vestibulospinal Axons in Neck Motor Nuclei

Yoshikazu Shinoda, Tohru Ohgaki, Yuriko Sugiuchi, and Takahiro Futami

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0041
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Eye and head position control is an ideal paradigm for studying how central nervous system mechanisms interact to stabilize a multidimensional motor system. Head movement signals detected by the ... More


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