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Reasons for Belief and for Action

Alan Millar

in Understanding People: Normativity and Rationalizing Explanation

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199254408
eISBN:
9780191719721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199254408.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter argues that all belief calls for justification and that, accordingly, a normative reason for a belief must justify or be positively relevant to the justification of that belief. This is ... More


Practical Reality

Jonathan Dancy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253050
eISBN:
9780191597282
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253056.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Practical Reality is about the relation between the reasons why we do things and the reasons why we should. It claims that, in order to understand this relation, we have to abandon ... More


The Psychology of Judicial Decision Making

David E. Klein and Gregory Mitchell (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195367584
eISBN:
9780199776917
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367584.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This volume of essays examines the psychological processes that underlie judicial decision making. Chapters in the first section of the book take as their starting point the fact that judges make ... More


Reasons for Action

Jonathan Dancy

in Practical Reality

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253050
eISBN:
9780191597282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253056.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Introduces various distinctions: between the reasons why we should act (normative reasons), those for which we act (motivating reasons), and (more generally) the reasons why we act. It also ... More


Acting for a Good Reason

Jonathan Dancy

in Practical Reality

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253050
eISBN:
9780191597282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253056.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Argues that motivating reasons are not mental states of the agent but (real or supposed) states of affairs. The main argument for this appeals to the normative realism established earlier. Since a ... More


A Disjunctive Conception of Acting for Reasons

Jennifer Hornsby

in Disjunctivism: Perception, Action, Knowledge

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231546
eISBN:
9780191716126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231546.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter introduces a disjunctivist conception of acting for reasons by showing that an account of acting for reasons should give a place to knowledge. This disjunctive conception is claimed to ... More


Identification, desires, and practical reasoning

Erasmus Mayr

in Understanding Human Agency

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199606214
eISBN:
9780191731631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606214.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this chapter, the discussion of Frankfurt's problem of identification is continued. It is argued that the most promising approach to this problem is Michael Bratman's analysis of identification ... More


The Theory of Motivating States

Jonathan Dancy

in Practical Reality

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253050
eISBN:
9780191597282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253056.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Argues that cognitivism is the best form of psychologism; that is, that Humean accounts of motivation in terms of belief–desire combinations should be rejected in favour of cognitive ones that take ... More


One Reason Dichotomy Less?

Toni Rønnow-Rasmussen

in Personal Value

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199603787
eISBN:
9780191729294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603787.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

It would come in handy if we could understand the distinction between personal and impersonal values in terms of the much‐discussed agent‐relative/neutral dichotomy. This chapter examines the latter ... More


Every Jury Trial Is a Bench Trial: Judicial Engineering of Jury Disputes

C. K. Rowland, Tina Traficanti, and Erin Vernon

in The Psychology of Judicial Decision Making

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195367584
eISBN:
9780199776917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367584.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

For decades virtually every scholarly work on trial judges began by lamenting the unfortunate tendency of students of judicial behavior to concentrate almost exclusively on appellate courts generally ... More


Legal Interpretation and Intuitions of Public Policy

Joshua Furgeson and Linda Babcock

in Ideology, Psychology, and Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199737512
eISBN:
9780199918638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737512.003.0026
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Studies of actual judicial decisions and recent experimental work simulating legal decision-making reveal a strong relationship between ideology and judicial decisions. There is also preliminary ... More


Social and Psychological Bases of Ideology and System Justification

John T. Jost, Aaron C. Kay, and Hulda Thorisdottir (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195320916
eISBN:
9780199869541
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320916.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This volume both reflects and exemplifies the recent resurgence of interest in the social and psychological characteristics and processes that give rise to ideological forms. Ideology is an elusive, ... More


Motivation and Judicial Behavior: Expanding the Scope of Inquiry

Lawrence Baum

in The Psychology of Judicial Decision Making

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195367584
eISBN:
9780199776917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367584.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter analyzes judicial decision making from the perspective of motivation. Students of judicial behavior have focused on judges’ motivations, but their inquiries into motivation could be ... More


As I Believe

Jonathan Dancy

in Practical Reality

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253050
eISBN:
9780191597282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253056.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Considers and rejects the view that motivating reasons are best specified in psychological form (S's reason was that he believed that . . .) rather than in non‐psychological form (S's reason was that ... More


Reasons One Has for Doing Something

Rüdiger Bittner

in Doing Things for Reasons

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195143645
eISBN:
9780199833085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195143647.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter takes up reasons one merely has, in contrast to reasons for which one does something. Rejecting the usual terminology of motivating and justifying reasons, the chapter argues that merely ... More


Amici Curiae and Judicial Decision Making

Paul M Collins

in Friends of the Supreme Court: Interest Groups and Judicial Decision Making

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195372144
eISBN:
9780199870813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372144.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter discusses the legal and attitudinal models of judicial decision making and introduces two competing theories for the possible influence of amicus briefs in the Supreme Court. It expands ... More


Achievements and Intelligibility: For Disjunctivism about Reacting for Reasons

Errol Lord

in The Importance of Being Rational

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198815099
eISBN:
9780191852916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815099.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The type of view defended about correctly responding to normative reasons doesn’t fit nicely into the landscape of views in the philosophy of mind and action about reacting for reasons. This is ... More


Acting for Social Reasons

Raimo Tuomela

in Social Ontology: Collective Intentionality and Group Agents

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199978267
eISBN:
9780199367788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199978267.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, General

The chapter discusses motivating reasons for social action. In the I-mode case a central notion is acting for a shared we-attitude. In the case of group agents a group agent’s reason and group ... More


The Ambivalent Partisan: How Critical Loyalty Promotes Democracy

Howard G. Lavine, Christopher D. Johnston, and Marco R. Steenbergen

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199772759
eISBN:
9780199979622
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199772759.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

Over the past half-century, two overarching topics have dominated the study of mass political behaviour: How do ordinary citizens form their political judgments, and how good are they from a ... More


Guidance

John Gibbons

in The Norm of Belief

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199673391
eISBN:
9780191751684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199673391.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Part III is about the natural reaction. This is the idea that the alleged objective requirements are not genuine requirements because they can’t get a grip on us in a serious way. This is a bundle of ... More


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