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Reasons for Belief and for Action

Alan Millar

in Understanding People: Normativity and Rationalizing Explanation

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199254408
eISBN:
9780191719721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199254408.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter argues that all belief calls for justification and that, accordingly, a normative reason for a belief must justify or be positively relevant to the justification of that belief. This is ... More


Practical Reality

Jonathan Dancy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253050
eISBN:
9780191597282
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253056.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Practical Reality is about the relation between the reasons why we do things and the reasons why we should. It claims that, in order to understand this relation, we have to abandon ... More


The Psychology of Judicial Decision Making

David E. Klein and Gregory Mitchell (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195367584
eISBN:
9780199776917
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367584.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This volume of essays examines the psychological processes that underlie judicial decision making. Chapters in the first section of the book take as their starting point the fact that judges make ... More


Reasons for Action

Jonathan Dancy

in Practical Reality

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253050
eISBN:
9780191597282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253056.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Introduces various distinctions: between the reasons why we should act (normative reasons), those for which we act (motivating reasons), and (more generally) the reasons why we act. It also ... More


Identification, desires, and practical reasoning

Erasmus Mayr

in Understanding Human Agency

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199606214
eISBN:
9780191731631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606214.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this chapter, the discussion of Frankfurt's problem of identification is continued. It is argued that the most promising approach to this problem is Michael Bratman's analysis of identification ... More


Acting for a Good Reason

Jonathan Dancy

in Practical Reality

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253050
eISBN:
9780191597282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253056.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Argues that motivating reasons are not mental states of the agent but (real or supposed) states of affairs. The main argument for this appeals to the normative realism established earlier. Since a ... More


A Disjunctive Conception of Acting for Reasons

Jennifer Hornsby

in Disjunctivism: Perception, Action, Knowledge

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231546
eISBN:
9780191716126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231546.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter introduces a disjunctivist conception of acting for reasons by showing that an account of acting for reasons should give a place to knowledge. This disjunctive conception is claimed to ... More


The Theory of Motivating States

Jonathan Dancy

in Practical Reality

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253050
eISBN:
9780191597282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253056.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Argues that cognitivism is the best form of psychologism; that is, that Humean accounts of motivation in terms of belief–desire combinations should be rejected in favour of cognitive ones that take ... More


One Reason Dichotomy Less?

Toni Rønnow-Rasmussen

in Personal Value

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199603787
eISBN:
9780191729294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603787.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

It would come in handy if we could understand the distinction between personal and impersonal values in terms of the much‐discussed agent‐relative/neutral dichotomy. This chapter examines the latter ... More


Legal Interpretation and Intuitions of Public Policy

Joshua Furgeson and Linda Babcock

in Ideology, Psychology, and Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199737512
eISBN:
9780199918638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737512.003.0026
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Studies of actual judicial decisions and recent experimental work simulating legal decision-making reveal a strong relationship between ideology and judicial decisions. There is also preliminary ... More


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