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The Emotional Construction of Morals

Jesse Prinz

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199571543
eISBN:
9780191702075
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571543.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book argues that recent work in philosophy, neuroscience, and anthropology supports two radical hypotheses about the nature of morality: moral values are based on emotional responses, and these ... More


Relationships and Responsibilities *

Samuel Scheffler

in Boundaries and Allegiances: Problems of Justice and Responsibility in Liberal Thought

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257676
eISBN:
9780191600197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257671.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In opposition to the voluntarist view that special responsibilities must be based on consent or some other voluntary act, this essay sketches a non‐reductionist account of such responsibilities. The ... More


Introduction: The Therapeutic Trend

Mike W. Martin

in From Morality to Mental Health: Virtue and Vice in a Therapeutic Culture

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195304718
eISBN:
9780199786572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195304713.003.Intro
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This introductory chapter begins by laying out the theoretical foundations of this book, namely, that (1) sound morality is healthy; (2) we are responsible for our health, mental as well as physical; ... More


Sick Morality: Freud, Nietzsche, and Guilt

Mike W. Martin

in From Morality to Mental Health: Virtue and Vice in a Therapeutic Culture

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195304718
eISBN:
9780199786572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195304713.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter focuses on therapeutic critiques of morality. Both Freud and Nietzsche attack traditional morality as unhealthy and sick — as psychologically unrealistic in its demands to care about ... More


From Duty and for the Sake of the Noble: Kant and Aristotle on Morally Good Action

Christine M. Korsgaard

in The Constitution of Agency: Essays on Practical Reason and Moral Psychology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199552733
eISBN:
9780191720321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552733.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Aristotle believes that an agent lacks virtue unless she enjoys the performance of virtuous actions, while Kant claims that the person who does her duty despite contrary inclinations exhibits a moral ... More


The Common Law of Colonial America: Volume I: The Chesapeake and New England 1607-1660

William E. Nelson

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195327281
eISBN:
9780199870677
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327281.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

The four-volume series of which this book is the first volume shows how the legal systems of Britain's thirteen North American colonies, which were initially established in response to divergent ... More


The Right and the Good

David Ross

Philip Stratton-Lake (ed.)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252657
eISBN:
9780191598333
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252653.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The Right and the Good is a classic of 20th‐century philosophy by the great scholar Sir David Ross, which is now presented in a new edition with a substantial introduction by Philip Stratton–Lake, a ... More


The Further Geography of the Soul

Douglas V. Porpora

in Landscapes of the Soul: The Loss of Moral Meaning in American Life

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195134919
eISBN:
9780199834563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195134915.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Explores the importance to our sense of self of moral commitment and moral ontology. A pivotal role is attributed to the moral emotions that connect us to moral values and ideals. These relate to our ... More


Moral Values

David C. Rose

in The Moral Foundation of Economic Behavior

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199781744
eISBN:
9780199919116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199781744.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter distinguishes between moral values that encourage us to take positive moral actions and moral values that discourage us from taking negative moral actions. It explains why with regard to ... More


Values and Valuing

A. E. Denham

in Metaphor and Moral Experience

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240105
eISBN:
9780191680076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240105.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Moral Philosophy

The combination of Platonic requirements on objectivity and those imposed by the role of values in ordinary practical reasoning appears to be fatal, at least, for any theory of value which eschews ... More


The Genealogy of Morals

Jesse J. Prinz

in The Emotional Construction of Morals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199571543
eISBN:
9780191702075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571543.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Philosophers are more interested in normative questions rather than descriptive questions such as the origins of moral values. Questioning where our values come from is seen as irrelevant and those ... More


Personal Values and Setting Oneself Ends

Thomas E. Hill

in Human Welfare and Moral Worth: Kantian Perspectives

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252633
eISBN:
9780191597695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252637.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The focus here is on what individuals value and pursue when considered apart from moral considerations. Personal values are contrasted with various kinds of moral values, but the central question is ... More


The Argument from Normative Consistency and the Goodness of Truth and Freedom

Christian F. R. Illies

in The Grounds of Ethical Judgement: New Transcendental Arguments in Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198238324
eISBN:
9780191679612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198238324.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter suggests a new transcendental argument of the retorsive type and shows how it can overcome the criticised insufficiencies of the traditional transcendental approaches. It seems that ... More


Holiness and Morality

Melissa Raphael

in Rudolf Otto and the Concept of Holiness

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269328
eISBN:
9780191683602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269328.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Theology

A distinction can be made between morality and holiness, since the values and practices associated with holiness are fundamentally non-moral as they refer to reality's non-ordinary dimension. On the ... More


Aspects of Value

A. E. Denham

in Metaphor and Moral Experience

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240105
eISBN:
9780191680076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240105.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Moral Philosophy

The analogy between experience of value and experience of secondary qualities raises as many questions as it answers. This chapter suggests that moral experience, like much perceptual experience, is ... More


Immigration and Membership 1

Andrew Altman and Christopher Heath Wellman

in A Liberal Theory of International Justice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199564415
eISBN:
9780191721434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564415.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

Appealing to the moral value of freedom of association, this chapter defends a state's right to control immigration over its territorial borders. Just as an individual has a right to determine whom ... More


Morality and the Social Sciences: A Durable Tension

Albert O. Hirschman

in The Essential Hirschman

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159904
eISBN:
9781400848409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159904.003.0015
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter attempts to identify the tension between morality and the social sciences and recognize its inescapable centrality—and in that way have social scientists think more openly about their ... More


Art and Morality (I)

A. E. Denham

in Metaphor and Moral Experience

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240105
eISBN:
9780191680076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240105.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Moral Philosophy

Ethics and aesthetics may not be one, but the historical association of their ascendants, morality and art, is an intimate and long-standing one. Like most long associations, theirs has featured a ... More


The Experience of Value: What Do We Value, and Why Should We Care?

Robert Audi

in Moral Value and Human Diversity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195312942
eISBN:
9780199851188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195312942.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Value plays at least two guiding roles. First, what is valuable, for instance liberty and justice, provides a set of restraints. It must be in some way protected by moral conduct and so limits what ... More


Moral Aspects of Prolonged Occupation: Implications for an Occupying Society

Nimrod Rosler, Daniel Bar-Tal, Keren Sharvit, Eran Halperin, and Amiram Raviv

in On Behalf of Others: The Psychology of Care in a Global World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195385557
eISBN:
9780199864669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385557.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Focusing on the prolonged occupation of Israel in the Gaza Strip and West Bank, the chapter discusses the moral dilemmas and the psychological and ethical challenges that prolonged occupation has for ... More


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