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Spectator Theory

D. D. Raphael

in The Impartial Spectator: Adam Smith's Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199213337
eISBN:
9780191707544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213337.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Explanation of moral judgement in terms of the feelings of spectators is found in Hutcheson and Hume as well as in Adam Smith. Smith's theory marks an advance on the other two.


Moral Sense

Anna Wierzbicka

in Experience, Evidence, and Sense: The Hidden Cultural Legacy of English

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195368000
eISBN:
9780199867653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368000.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter examines the concept of moral sense. It presents a brief history of the concept. It compares moral sense in the 18th century and today, and then considers the sense of right and wrong in ... More


Feeling Virtue and the Reality of Moral Distinctions

Rachel Cohon

in Hume's Morality: Feeling and Fabrication

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199268443
eISBN:
9780191708565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268443.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter considers whether Hume is a moral realist or anti-realist, and presents the moral sensing view as an interpretation of his positive theory of moral judgment. On the moral sensing view ... More


Morality without Religion

Paul Russell

in The Riddle of Hume's Treatise: Skepticism, Naturalism, and Irreligion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195110333
eISBN:
9780199872084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110333.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

According to the irreligious interpretation, there are two key claims that Hume seeks to establish in the Treatise in respect of morality. The first is that Hume defends the “autonomy of morality” in ... More


Sentimentalism before Hume

Michael L. Frazer

in The Enlightenment of Sympathy: Justice and the Moral Sentiments in the Eighteenth Century and Today

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195390667
eISBN:
9780199866687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390667.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter consists of an overview of the work of the three British philosophers from the first half of the eighteenth century whose work most influenced the later sentimentalists: Francis ... More


Francis Hutcheson

Stephen Buckle

in Natural Law and the Theory of Property: Grotius to Hume

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240945
eISBN:
9780191680304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240945.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Locke bequeathed to his successors a complex inheritance. The Two Treatises hinged on the inalienability of the property in one's person. Not only did this rule out the more explicit forms of ... More


 The Social Sciences and the Professional Discipline of Black Religion

Curtis J. Evans

in The Burden of Black Religion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195328189
eISBN:
9780199870028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328189.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Social sciences pathologized the religious experience of black southerners at the turn of the 20th century. The new psychology of G. Stanley Hall and his disciples was a major northern cultural ... More


The Origin of the Moral Senses

Dennis L. Krebs

in The Origins of Morality: An Evolutionary Account

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199778232
eISBN:
9780199897261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778232.003.0029
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter contains a classification of the moral senses and a speculative account of how they originated. It is suggested that a sense of duty originated in the emotional and motivational states ... More


Being Amoral: Psychopathy and Moral Incapacity

Thomas Schramme (ed.)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027915
eISBN:
9780262320382
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027915.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Psychopathy has been the subject of investigations in both philosophy and psychiatry and yet the conceptual issues remain largely unresolved. This volume approaches psychopathy by considering the ... More


The Expansion and Refinement of the Moral Senses in the Human Species

Dennis L. Krebs

in The Origins of Morality: An Evolutionary Account

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199778232
eISBN:
9780199897261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778232.003.0031
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter presents an account of how the primitive moral sense possessed by early humans and other primates evolved into the complex sense of morality possessed by modern humans. Mental ... More


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