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Spectator Theory

D. D. Raphael

in The Impartial Spectator: Adam Smith's Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199213337
eISBN:
9780191707544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213337.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Explanation of moral judgement in terms of the feelings of spectators is found in Hutcheson and Hume as well as in Adam Smith. Smith's theory marks an advance on the other two.


Moral Sense

Anna Wierzbicka

in Experience, Evidence, and Sense: The Hidden Cultural Legacy of English

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195368000
eISBN:
9780199867653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368000.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter examines the concept of moral sense. It presents a brief history of the concept. It compares moral sense in the 18th century and today, and then considers the sense of right and wrong in ... More


Feeling Virtue and the Reality of Moral Distinctions

Rachel Cohon

in Hume's Morality: Feeling and Fabrication

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199268443
eISBN:
9780191708565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268443.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter considers whether Hume is a moral realist or anti-realist, and presents the moral sensing view as an interpretation of his positive theory of moral judgment. On the moral sensing view ... More


Morality without Religion

Paul Russell

in The Riddle of Hume's Treatise: Skepticism, Naturalism, and Irreligion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195110333
eISBN:
9780199872084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110333.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

According to the irreligious interpretation, there are two key claims that Hume seeks to establish in the Treatise in respect of morality. The first is that Hume defends the “autonomy of morality” in ... More


Sentimentalism before Hume

Michael L. Frazer

in The Enlightenment of Sympathy: Justice and the Moral Sentiments in the Eighteenth Century and Today

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195390667
eISBN:
9780199866687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390667.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter consists of an overview of the work of the three British philosophers from the first half of the eighteenth century whose work most influenced the later sentimentalists: Francis ... More


Francis Hutcheson

Stephen Buckle

in Natural Law and the Theory of Property: Grotius to Hume

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240945
eISBN:
9780191680304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240945.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Locke bequeathed to his successors a complex inheritance. The Two Treatises hinged on the inalienability of the property in one's person. Not only did this rule out the more explicit forms of ... More


 The Social Sciences and the Professional Discipline of Black Religion

Curtis J. Evans

in The Burden of Black Religion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195328189
eISBN:
9780199870028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328189.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Social sciences pathologized the religious experience of black southerners at the turn of the 20th century. The new psychology of G. Stanley Hall and his disciples was a major northern cultural ... More


The Origin of the Moral Senses

Dennis L. Krebs

in The Origins of Morality: An Evolutionary Account

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199778232
eISBN:
9780199897261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778232.003.0029
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter contains a classification of the moral senses and a speculative account of how they originated. It is suggested that a sense of duty originated in the emotional and motivational states ... More


Being Amoral: Psychopathy and Moral Incapacity

Thomas Schramme (ed.)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027915
eISBN:
9780262320382
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027915.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Psychopathy has been the subject of investigations in both philosophy and psychiatry and yet the conceptual issues remain largely unresolved. This volume approaches psychopathy by considering the ... More


The Expansion and Refinement of the Moral Senses in the Human Species

Dennis L. Krebs

in The Origins of Morality: An Evolutionary Account

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199778232
eISBN:
9780199897261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778232.003.0031
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter presents an account of how the primitive moral sense possessed by early humans and other primates evolved into the complex sense of morality possessed by modern humans. Mental ... More


The Doctrine of the Mean

Stephen R.L. Clark

in Aristotle's Man: Speculations upon Aristotelian Anthropology

Published in print:
1975
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198245162
eISBN:
9780191680847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198245162.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter suggests that the analogy between moral sense and the primary sense is of considerable value. Moral awareness involves the concept of a mean: the form of virtue is elicited from a ... More


The Theory of Evolution in Its Application to Practice

Henry Sidgwick

in Essays on Ethics and Method

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250234
eISBN:
9780191598432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250231.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In this chapter, Sidgwick addresses the ethical implications of Darwin's theory of evolution. Sidgwick holds that the core of truth in Darwin's view is that the most important function of the moral ... More


Romans

Paul C. Gutjahr

in Charles Hodge: Guardian of American Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199740420
eISBN:
9780199894703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740420.003.0023
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Chapter twenty-three explores Charles Hodge’s Commentary on Romans, which established him as both a national and international biblical scholar of repute. Hodge sought to create a scholarly ... More


Responsibility and the Condition of Moral Sense

Paul Russell

in The Limits of Free Will

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190627607
eISBN:
9780190627638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190627607.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter presents a thesis about necessary conditions of responsible agency that arise at the interface between (compatibilist) reason-responsive theories and Strawsonian naturalistic approaches. ... More


/ Managing Sentimentalism in Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

Ritzenberg Aaron

in The Sentimental Touch: The Language of Feeling in the Age of Managerialism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780823245529
eISBN:
9780823252558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823245529.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, American, 19th Century Literature

Chapter 2 examines Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1885) in terms of the changing economic structure of Twain's time. Twain's realist novel is framed by episodes that feature Tom Sawyer as the ... More


From Natural Sentiments to General Rules and Moral Sentiments

Eric Schliesser

in Adam Smith: Systematic Philosopher and Public Thinker

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190690120
eISBN:
9780190690151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190690120.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter is devoted to explaining the moral significance of what Adam Smith calls the “natural sentiments.” The significance of the natural sentiments is illustrated by their role in extended ... More


/ Touching the Body, Training the Reader

Ritzenberg Aaron

in The Sentimental Touch: The Language of Feeling in the Age of Managerialism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780823245529
eISBN:
9780823252558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823245529.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, American, 19th Century Literature

Chapter 1 attends closely to Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852) as an example of the premanagerial American sentimental novel. For Stowe, sentimentalism is a utopian force—powerful ... More


Was Reid a Moral Realist?

Gordon Graham

in Common Sense in the Scottish Enlightenment

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198783909
eISBN:
9780191826559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198783909.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter argues that, contrary to a very widely held view, Reid’s express disagreement with Hume on the matter of morality cannot satisfactorily be pressed into the “realism versus ... More


Towards a Genealogy of Sentimentalism in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries

Charles Burnetts

in Improving Passions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780748698196
eISBN:
9781474434881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748698196.003.0002
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Chapter One charts a genealogy of the sentimental mode, from the sentimental literary cultures of 18th century Europe through to the widespread success of popular melodrama in Europe and America. It ... More


Covenantal Origins

Benjamin T. Lynerd

in Republican Theology: The Civil Religion of American Evangelicals

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199363551
eISBN:
9780199363582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199363551.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Political Theory

When republican theology first came to dominate the American pulpit in the 1770s, it displaced covenant theology, the idea that societies form for the purpose of extending God’s redemptive kingdom on ... More


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