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Kant's Theory of Moral Sensibility: Respect for the Moral Law and the Influence of Inclination

Andrews Reath

in Agency and Autonomy in Kant's Moral Theory: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288830
eISBN:
9780191603648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288836.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explores two parallel topics in Kant's moral psychology: respect for the moral law as the motive to moral conduct, and the influence of inclinations on the will. It explains some of ... More


Moral Realism: A Defence

Russ Shafer-Landau

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199259755
eISBN:
9780191601835
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259755.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This is a book in metaethics that defends a brand of moral realism known as non‐naturalism. The book has five Parts. Part I outlines the sort of moral realism that the author wishes to defend, and ... More


The Fabric of Social Life: Mimicry, Fantasy, Fiction, and Morality

Alvin I. Goldman

in Simulating Minds: The Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience of Mindreading

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195138924
eISBN:
9780199786480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138929.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Many of our distinctively human social traits are interwoven with simulational propensities. A stroll through simulation-related topics includes the psychological underpinnings of social bonds, our ... More


Impartial Justice, Motivation, and Punishment

Matt Matravers

in Justice and Punishment: The Rationale of Coercion

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295730
eISBN:
9780191599828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295731.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

It is argued that a premiss of the fundamental moral equality of persons is built into the foundations of impartialist theories of justice. The inclusion of this premise means that the demands of ... More


Justice as Mutual Advantage

Matt Matravers

in Justice and Punishment: The Rationale of Coercion

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295730
eISBN:
9780191599828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295731.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

‘Justice as mutual advantage’ theorists argue that moral norms are those that rational, self‐interested persons would accept in regulating the pursuit of their self‐interest. Taking David Gauthier's ... More


Moral Motivation and Moral Ought‐Beliefs: Internalism Versus Externalism

Alfred R. Mele

in Motivation and Agency

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195156171
eISBN:
9780199833467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515617X.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter's topic is moral motivation. It is argued – against John McDowell, David McNaughton, Thomas Nagel, and others – that no plausible cognitivist moral theory will include the strong ... More


On Virtue Ethics

Rosalind Hursthouse

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247998
eISBN:
9780191597756
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247994.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

On Virtue Ethics is an exposition and defence of neo‐Aristotelian virtue ethics. The first part discusses the ways in which it can provide action guidance and action assessment, which ... More


What Motivates Us to Care for the (Distant) Future?

Dieter Birnbacher

in Intergenerational Justice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199282951
eISBN:
9780191712319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282951.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Recognising moral responsibility in the abstract is generally not causally sufficient for complying with it in relevant situations, not even in the absence of strong conflicting motives. In the case ... More


Heaven, Morality, and the Meaning of Life

Jerry L. Walls

in Heaven: The Logic of Eternal Joy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195113020
eISBN:
9780199834815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195113020.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Theology

It is argued that naturalistic views of reality undermine both morality and meaning – naturalism has difficulty not only in making sense of altruism but also in providing us with deeply persuasive ... More


The Parity Premise

Terence Cuneo

in The Normative Web: An Argument for Moral Realism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199218837
eISBN:
9780191711749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218837.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter contains the second stage of argument for the core argument's first premise. The strategy employed is to point out that that there is a class of standard objections ordinarily leveled ... More


As a Matter of Fact: Empirical Perspectives on Ethics

John M. Doris and Stephen Stich

in Collected Papers, Volume 2: Knowledge, Rationality, and Morality, 1978-2010

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199733477
eISBN:
9780199949823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199733477.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter discusses character and virtue ethics, moral motivation, moral disagreement, and the role of thought experiments in ethics. Though it covers a lot of ground, the leitmotif that runs ... More


Psychopathy, Empathy, and Moral Motivation

A. E. Denham

in Iris Murdoch, Philosopher

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199289905
eISBN:
9780191728471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289905.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter addresses the meta-ethical and psychological implications of Murdoch’s epistemic internalism—her claim that moral responsiveness is a condition of reliable and accurate moral ... More


Morality and Religion

Linda Zagzebski

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195138092
eISBN:
9780199835348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138090.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Almost all religions contain a code of morality, and in spite of the factthat there are moral codes and philosophies that do not rely upon anyreligion, it has been traditionally argued that there are ... More


Sentiment, Reason, and Motivation

Shaun Nichols

in Sentimental Rules: On the Natural Foundations of Moral Judgement

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195169348
eISBN:
9780199835041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169344.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

An adequate sentimentalist account must explain (i) how emotion plays a role in linking moral judgment to motivation, (ii) how moral judgments can be made in the absence of emotional response, and ... More


Kantian Virtue and “Virtue Ethics”

Thomas E. Hill Jr.

in Virtue, Rules, and Justice: Kantian Aspirations

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199692002
eISBN:
9780191741241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692002.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter explores similarities and differences between Kant’s ideas about moral virtue and various ideas associated with virtue ethics. It identifies some misconceptions of Kant’s ethics and ... More


Sensibility Saved

Jesse J. Prinz

in The Emotional Construction of Morals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199571543
eISBN:
9780191702075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571543.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter presents and defends an emotionist theory known as sensibility theory. It argues that sensibility theories can explain some central folk intuitions about the nature of morality. However, ... More


Desire and Aversion

Timothy Schroeder

in Three Faces of Desire

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195172379
eISBN:
9780199849987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172379.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter reports a detailed version of the theory of desire and resolves the long list of questions appropriate to every theory of desire. It begins with a statement of a reward theory of desire. ... More


Ethics and Eternity

David Baggett and Jerry L. Walls

in Good God: The Theistic Foundations of Morality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199751808
eISBN:
9780199894840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751808.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This final chapter discusses the moral significance of heaven and hell, the moral import of the resurrection in terms of revealing the human telos, and aspects of the human condition without which no ... More


Assessing the Cosmopolitan Ideal

Claus Nielsen

in Justice in a Globalized World: A Normative Framework

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199593859
eISBN:
9780191731457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593859.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter explores the practical implications of the cosmopolitan ideal of a just world order, and discusses ‘the guidance critique’ of this ideal: the claim that cosmopolitan theories are too ... More


Moral Motivation

Rosalind Hursthouse

in On Virtue Ethics

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247998
eISBN:
9780191597756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247994.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Moreover, acting from virtue, from a settled state of character, sets the standard for acting from duty, or because one thinks it is right. Whatever their sincerely avowed reasons for acting, people ... More


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