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Moral Development and Journalism

Renita Coleman

in Journalism Ethics: A Philosophical Approach

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195370805
eISBN:
9780199776610
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370805.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter looks at how people develop into ethical beings, with special emphasis on Lawrence Kohlberg's moral-development theory. It explores ethical development in the professions, including ... More


Patriotism and Sentimentality

Eamonn Callan

in Creating Citizens: Political Education and Liberal Democracy

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292586
eISBN:
9780191598913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292589.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The inculcation of patriotism is often construed as a curb on the development of critical reason, and hence, as repugnant to any conception of political education that valorizes autonomy. This view ... More


Hume’s Free-Standing Sentimentalism

Michael L. Frazer

in The Enlightenment of Sympathy: Justice and the Moral Sentiments in the Eighteenth Century and Today

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195390667
eISBN:
9780199866687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390667.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter argues that Hume provides a free-standing ethics built from a psychologically holistic account of moral reflection. The chapter begins with Hume’s description of how sympathy gives rise ... More


Shame and Moral Development: The Incontinent, the Continent, the Naturally Virtuous, and the Properly Virtuous

Howard J. Curzer

in Aristotle and the Virtues

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199693726
eISBN:
9780191738890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693726.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Aristotle’s moral development path has six stages. At each stage the learner gains a different component of virtue at the prompting of a different catalyst, but those who lack the relevant catalyst ... More


Explaining Value: and Other Essays in Moral Philosophy

Gilbert Harman

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238041
eISBN:
9780191597626
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238045.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Considers the following questions: What accounts for the existence of basic moral disagreements? Why do most people think it is worse to injure someone than to fail to save them from injury? Where ... More


Ethical Decision Making in School Mental Health

James C. Raines and Nic T. Dibble

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199735853
eISBN:
9780199863457
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735853.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

There are three essential differences between this book and most others in the field of ethics. First, instead of focusing on specific issues, it focuses on the process of ethical decision-making. ... More


BOTTOM‐UP AND DEVELOPMENTAL APPROACHES

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

in Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter surveys bottom‐up approaches to the development of artificial moral agents. These approaches apply methods from machine learning, Kohlberg's theory of moral development, and techniques ... More


Political Conflict and Moral Reasoning in Northern Ireland

Ferguson Neil

in On Behalf of Others: The Psychology of Care in a Global World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195385557
eISBN:
9780199864669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385557.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

The decline of moral constraints in a society suffering from intra-state conflict and experiences of violence on an everyday basis is explored in this chapter. Here the author focuses on the moral ... More


A Framework for the Psychology of Norms

Chandra Sekhar Sripada and Stephen Stich

in The Innate Mind: Volume 2: Culture and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195310139
eISBN:
9780199871209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310139.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Human social life is regulated by an extensive network of informal social rules and principles often called norms. This chapter offers an account of the psychological mechanisms and processes ... More


Emotionism

Jesse J. Prinz

in The Emotional Construction of Morals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199571543
eISBN:
9780191702075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571543.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Moral judgements are anything but indifferent and this is exemplified in this chapter through the comparison of asking opinion about capital punishment in which a common answer would be the feeling ... More


Darwin et al. on Developmental Optimization

David Loye

in Evolution, Early Experience and Human Development: From Research to Practice and Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199755059
eISBN:
9780199979479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755059.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

There exists a disastrous discrepancy between the prevailing Darwinism of survival of the fittest and selfishness above all and implications for science, and education about the fact that Darwin ... More


Aristotle and the Virtues

Howard J. Curzer

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199693726
eISBN:
9780191738890
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693726.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Aristotle is the father of virtue ethics, and virtue ethics is hot. Yet Aristotle’s accounts of the individual virtues remain opaque, for most contemporary commentators of Aristotle’s Nicomachean ... More


Aristotle’s Painful Path to Virtue: The Many and the Generous-Minded

Howard J. Curzer

in Aristotle and the Virtues

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199693726
eISBN:
9780191738890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693726.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

According to Burnyeat, Aristotle thinks that people learn to identify virtuous acts by being told which acts are virtuous, habitually performing these acts, and taking pleasure in performing them. ... More


Introduction

Howard J. Curzer

in Aristotle and the Virtues

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199693726
eISBN:
9780191738890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693726.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter contains a few methodological remarks and a brief survey of the rest of the book.


The Developmental Relations between Perspective Taking and Prosocial Behaviors: A Meta-Analytic Examination of the Task-Specificity Hypothesis

Gustavo Carlo, George P. Knight, Meredith McGinley, Rebecca Goodvin, and Scott C. Roesch

in Self- and Social-Regulation: Exploring the Relations Between Social Interaction, Social Understanding, and the Development of Executive Functions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195327694
eISBN:
9780199776962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327694.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Given the multidimensional nature of both perspective taking and prosocial behaviors, the authors advance an information processing position that attending to characteristics of tasks used to assess ... More


Developmental Optimization

Darcia Narvaez and Tracy R. Gleason

in Evolution, Early Experience and Human Development: From Research to Practice and Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199755059
eISBN:
9780199979479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755059.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Informed by Darwin's description of the “moral sense,” this chapter addresses the characteristics of early life experience for young children as identified by the anthropologists for the environment ... More


Identifying Courses of Action

James C. Raines and Nic T. Dibble

in Ethical Decision Making in School Mental Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199735853
eISBN:
9780199863457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735853.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

Either-or dilemmas reduce the capacity of clinicians to manage ethical predicaments. Wise practitioners generate multiple courses of action prior to making a decision. It is important to consider the ... More


Punishment, Revenge, and Organizational Injustice

Sandra L. Bloom and Brian Farragher

in Destroying Sanctuary: The Crisis in Human Service Delivery Systems

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195374803
eISBN:
9780199865420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374803.003.0011
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

The notion that “punishment works” is simply taken for granted as true, part of our existing mental model for dealing with other people. Here this chapter asks whether punishment actually is ... More


Social Hierarchy, Social Conflicts, and Moral Development

Elliot Turiel

in International Perspectives on Youth Conflict and Development

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195178425
eISBN:
9780199958528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178425.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Child Psychology / School Psychology

This chapter offers a theoretical perspective on social and moral development, relevant to discussions of youth conflict and violence. Rejecting the idea that cultures have singular integrated ... More


Aristotle’s Losers: The Vicious, the Brutish, Natural Slaves, and Tragic Heroes

Howard J. Curzer

in Aristotle and the Virtues

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199693726
eISBN:
9780191738890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693726.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Aristotle says, “We are inquiring not in order to know what virtue is but in order to become good.” Yet he thinks that some people cannot become good. Who are these people and why are they ... More


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