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Efficient Monopolies: The Limits of Competition in the European Property Insurance Market

Thomas von Ungern-Sternberg

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199268818
eISBN:
9780191600890
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199268819.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Compares the market for property insurance in five European countries, Britain, Spain, France, Switzerland, and Germany. The comparisons are of particular interest, as the regulatory frameworks vary ... More


The Internationalisation of Securities Markets

Mark Thatcher

in Internationalisation and Economic Institutions:: Comparing the European Experience

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199245680
eISBN:
9780191715273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199245680.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter analyses how three sets of international factors revolutionised markets for securities trading from the mid-1960s onwards. Firstly, transnational technological and economic developments, ... More


Common Pressures, Diverse Paths: Securities Trading in France, West Germany, and Italy 1965–85

Mark Thatcher

in Internationalisation and Economic Institutions:: Comparing the European Experience

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199245680
eISBN:
9780191715273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199245680.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter analyses how and why two forms of internationalisation — transnational technological and economic developments and reforms in the US — were met with institutional inertia, or at most ... More


Transformation and Convergence: Stock Exchanges in France, Germany, and Italy 1986–2005

Mark Thatcher

in Internationalisation and Economic Institutions:: Comparing the European Experience

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199245680
eISBN:
9780191715273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199245680.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Between 1986 and 2005, rapid and sweeping changes broke with long-standing sectoral institutions for securities trading in France, Germany, and Italy. Stock exchanges were privatised, legal ... More


The Force of Inertia: Telecommunications in France, West Germany, and Italy 1965–87

Mark Thatcher

in Internationalisation and Economic Institutions:: Comparing the European Experience

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199245680
eISBN:
9780191715273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199245680.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter shows why transnational technological and economic developments and regulatory reforms in the US failed to result in major institutional changes in France, West Germany, and Italy ... More


British Telecommunications: From Laggard to Leader

Mark Thatcher

in Internationalisation and Economic Institutions:: Comparing the European Experience

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199245680
eISBN:
9780191715273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199245680.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter argues that Britain followed its own distinct route to reform in telecommunications, in similar fashion to securities trading. Despite large-scale failures of supply, arising in part ... More


Political Competition and the Reform Trajectories of Post‐Communist States

Milada Anna Vachudova

in Europe Undivided: Democracy, Leverage, and Integration After Communism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199241194
eISBN:
9780191602382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241198.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The quality of political competition at the moment of regime change determined whether East European states embarked on a liberal or an illiberal pattern of political change after 1989. It was ... More


Executive and Regulatory Agencies

Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

in Democracy and Public Management Reform: Building the Republican State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199261185
eISBN:
9780191601507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261180.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Executive and regulatory agencies are decentralized state organizations that implement policies. When the law clearly defines the policy, we have a state policy; when it leaves the precise definition ... More


Liberalism: Political and Economic

Russell Hardin

in Liberalism, Constitutionalism, and Democracy

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198290841
eISBN:
9780191599415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198290845.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Despite the singular term liberalism, there are two relatively distinct historical branches—political and economic liberalisms—and a collection of variously titled modern branches. Political ... More


Before the Bomb and After: Winston Churchill and the Use of Force

Jonathan Rosenberg

in Cold War Statesmen Confront the Bomb: Nuclear Diplomacy Since 1945

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780198294689
eISBN:
9780191601538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294689.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Between 1945 and 1955, Churchill's attitude towards the use of force had undergone a dramatic transformation. In the period of the American nuclear monopoly, Churchill's views were largely consistent ... More


The Monopoly Enigma, the Reagan Administration's Antitrust Experiment, and the Global Economy

Louis Galambos

in Constructing Corporate America: History, Politics, Culture

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199251902
eISBN:
9780191719059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251902.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

In the 1980s, the Reagan Administration drastically altered American antitrust policy, virtually eliminating Section 2 cases involving monopolies. This chapter provides a context for that decision by ... More


Bounded Rationality and Industrial Organization

Ran Spiegler

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195398717
eISBN:
9780199896790
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398717.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This book synthesizes recent developments in the theory of Industrial Organization, incorporating aspects of consumer psychology that are absent from the standard model of rational choice. The book ... More


Marketplace of the Gods

Witham Larry

in Marketplace of the Gods: How Economics Explains Religion

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195394757
eISBN:
9780199777372
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195394757.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The “religious economies” of every society are a balance of monopoly and competition. Competition develops around religious market niches where suppliers meet consumer demand. No single religion (or ... More


 Indosat: A Successful State‐Owned Firm

Louis T. Wells

in Making Foreign Investment Safe: Property Rights and National Sovereignty

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195310627
eISBN:
9780199783847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310627.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Indosat did not collapse into the poorly run firm that has become the image of state-owned enterprises. On the contrary, it embarked on a bold new mission, invested in maintenance and new capacity, ... More


 The Case against Foreign Direct Investment and Multinational Corporations

Stephen D. Cohen

in Multinational Corporations and Foreign Direct Investment: Avoiding Simplicity, Embracing Complexity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195179354
eISBN:
9780199783779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179354.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Only the most rabid proponents deny the potential for MNCs and FDI to inflict costs and harm on large numbers of people and countries. This chapter is the equivalent of a law brief, this time ... More


Grotius and the Development of International Law in the United Nations Period 1

Rosalyn Higgins

in Hugo Grotius and International Relations

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198277712
eISBN:
9780191598890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198277717.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

There are three reasons for linking Grotius to the UN. (1) The UN Charter deals with aspects of international law that are central to his writings. (2) In those areas, such as law of the sea, in ... More


 Buying Cheap

Ken Binmore

in Playing for Real: Game Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195300574
eISBN:
9780199783748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300574.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter reviews classical topics in economics. It is intended mostly for readers who have not studied economics before, but it is written in a style that will perhaps offer something new for ... More


Trade in Infrastructure Services: A Conceptual Framework

Philippa Dee and Christopher Findlay

in A Handbook of International Trade in Services

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199235216
eISBN:
9780191715624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235216.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses what many infrastructure industries have in common — economies of scale or scope — and how this poses some significant policy challenges for successful trade policy reform. ... More


Freedom, Coercion, and the Law

Raymond Plant

in The Neo-liberal State

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199281756
eISBN:
9780191713040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199281756.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

This chapter provides an analysis of neo‐liberal views about the idea of freedom. It is important for neo‐liberals that the absolutely central ideal of freedom should be compatible with a nomocratic ... More


Won't Get Fooled Again?

David B. Audretsch

in Entrepreneurial Society

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195183504
eISBN:
9780199783885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183504.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In the 1990s, the United States had a virtual monopoly in terms of the entrepreneurial society, just as it had a virtual monopoly on plants and factories at the close of the Second World War. ... More


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