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The Chosen Few: How Education Shaped Jewish History, 70-1492

Maristella Botticini and Zvi Eckstein

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144870
eISBN:
9781400842483
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144870.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

In 70 CE, the Jews were an agrarian and illiterate people living mostly in the Land of Israel and Mesopotamia. By 1492, the Jewish people had become a small group of literate urbanites specializing ... More


Segregation or Choice?: From Merchants to Moneylenders, 1000–1500

Maristella Botticini and Zvi Eckstein

in The Chosen Few: How Education Shaped Jewish History, 70-1492

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144870
eISBN:
9781400842483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144870.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter assesses the argument that both their exclusion from craft and merchant guilds and usury bans on Christians segregated European Jews into moneylending during the Middle Ages. Already ... More


Economic Life

Robert Liberles

in Jewish Daily Life in Germany, 1618-1945

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195171648
eISBN:
9780199871346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171648.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter shows how legal restrictions greatly influenced Jewish occupational structure, both directly and indirectly. Jews chose commerce frequently because so many other spheres of livelihood, ... More


“A Prodigious Mine”: Jamaica

Trevor Burnard

in Planters, Merchants, and Slaves: Plantation Societies in British America, 1650-1820

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226286105
eISBN:
9780226286242
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226286242.003.0005
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

The jewel in Britain’s eighteenth-century imperial crown was Jamaica. Jamaica was economically diverse, with a strong trading sector based in the flourishing town of Kingston. Its plantations sector ... More


The Minster and the Privy: Jews, Lending, and the Making of Christian Space in Chaucer’s England

Kathy Lavezzo

in The Accommodated Jew: English Antisemitism from Bede to Milton

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781501703157
eISBN:
9781501706158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501703157.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

This chapter examines how the mapping of Anglo-Jewish residences placed Jews in intimate relation to the new urban geography that arose in tandem with commerce. Through an analysis of Geoffrey ... More


From the Peace of Andruszow Until the Conquest of Pinsk by the Swedes (1667–1706)

in The Jews of Pinsk, 1506 to 1880

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804741590
eISBN:
9780804783088
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804741590.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter traces the history of the growth and development of the Jewish community in Pinsk from 1667–1706. Topics discussed include demographic growth and geographic expansion; moneylending; ... More


Owned, loaned, and pawned: the control of property

Cathryn Spence

in Women, Credit, and Debt In Early Modern Scotland

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781784992538
eISBN:
9781526104182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784992538.003.0005
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter uses as its main source the Annuity Tax Roll for Edinburgh, which lists every landlord, tenant, and property in Edinburgh in 1635. It considers the presence of women in the tax roll both ... More


Female servants as creditors and debtors

Cathryn Spence

in Women, Credit, and Debt In Early Modern Scotland

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781784992538
eISBN:
9781526104182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784992538.003.0006
Subject:
History, Social History

This final chapter considers a discreet portion of the community – female servants – and their experiences as creditors and debtors. Appearing only rarely in debt litigation in the sixteenth century, ... More


Activities

in The Life Within: Local Indigenous Society in Mexico's Toluca Valley, 1650–1800

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804781374
eISBN:
9780804784993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804781374.003.0006
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter discusses activities carried out by the various household members. While details of many activities left no trace in the documents consulted, maguey cultivation and pulque production, ... More


Jews and Money

Rebecca Rist

in Popes and Jews, 1095–1291

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198717980
eISBN:
9780191787430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717980.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Religion, European Medieval History

This chapter develops the theme of marginalization, exploring how—since Jews were denied equal status with Christians and were barred from many positions of importance in a profoundly Christian ... More


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