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Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

Naomi E. Chayen, John R. Helliwell, and Edward H. Snell

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199213252
eISBN:
9780191707575
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213252.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Structural crystallography provides key information to understand the mechanism involved for biological processes. The technique requires high‐quality crystals. The book Macromolecular ... More


The Visible Invisible

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter explores the diverse attempts to render “mind” thinkable by means of images. Advances in clinical medicine from the nineteenth century onward went hand in hand with the penetration of ... More


Bird Brains, Social Contact, and Song

Jay Schulkin

in Reflections on the Musical Mind: An Evolutionary Perspective

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157443
eISBN:
9781400849031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157443.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter examines the evolution of bird brain, social contact, and birdsong. Communicative capabilities are widespread, whether in song or through other forms of intimate social contact. One ... More


Kelvin on Atoms and Molecules

Elizabeth Garber

in Kelvin: Life, Labours and Legacy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231256
eISBN:
9780191710803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231256.003.0012
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter focuses on Lord Kelvin's works on atoms and molecules. He published his first paper on the subject in 1861 and his last in 1907. His first foray into atoms and molecules was to estimate ... More


Max Perutz and the SPSL

Georgina Ferry

in In Defence of Learning: The Plight, Persecution, and Placement of Academic Refugees, 1933-1980s

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264812
eISBN:
9780191754029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264812.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter focuses on Austrian-born molecular biologist Max Perutz (1914–2002). Perutz was one of twenty scientific refugees from continental Europe who went on to win Nobel Prizes. A chemist and ... More


Symmetry and Elements of Group Theory

Wai-Kee Li, Gong-Du Zhou, and Thomas Chung Wai Mak

in Advanced Structural Inorganic Chemistry

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199216949
eISBN:
9780191711992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216949.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This chapter covers the rudiments of group theory, with emphasis on the use of the character tables of molecular point groups. The chapter begins with the identification of the symmetry elements a ... More


Lewis’ “cubical atom” model. Molecular orbital calculations on the one-electron molecule H 2 + and the two-electron molecule H2

Arne Haaland

in Molecules and Models: The molecular structures of main group element compounds

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235353
eISBN:
9780191715594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235353.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter reviews G. N. Lewis' seminal paper of 1916 that introduced the concept of the electron-pair bond. The potential energy curves for the two lowest electronic states of the hydrogen ... More


Homonuclear diatomic species of second-period elements from Li2 to Ne2

Arne Haaland

in Molecules and Models: The molecular structures of main group element compounds

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235353
eISBN:
9780191715594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235353.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter describes the internuclear distances, dissociation energies, and magnetic properties of homonuclear, diatomic species formed from the second period elements from Li to Ne in terms of the ... More


Layered molecules with intra-molecular donor–acceptor interactions

Frank H. Herbstein

in Crystalline Molecular Complexes and Compounds: Structures and Principles

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198526605
eISBN:
9780191712142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526605.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Layered molecules are donor-acceptor cyclophanes in which the mutual orientation and/or location of the donor and acceptor ring systems can be altered to investigate the conditions for maximum ... More


Inside the Human Genome: A Case for Non-Intelligent Design

John C. Avise

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393439
eISBN:
9780199775415
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393439.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Humanity's physical design flaws have long been apparent—we get hemorrhoids and impacted wisdom teeth, for instance—but do the imperfections extend down to the molecular level of our genes? Inside ... More


Visual Pigments and Photoreceptors

Thomas W. Cronin, Sönke Johnsen, N. Justin Marshall, and Eric J. Warrant

in Visual Ecology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151847
eISBN:
9781400853021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151847.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter focuses on visual pigments and photoreceptors. In living things, photoreception inevitably begins with a photochemical event—a molecule intercepts a photon of light and is somehow ... More


Nanobiosensors

Tza‐Huei Wang, Kelvin Liu, Hsin‐Chih Yeh, and Christopher M. Puleo

in Micro/Nano Technology Systems for Biomedical Applications: Microfluidics, Optics, and Surface Chemistry

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199219698
eISBN:
9780191594229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219698.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Biology

This chapter discusses and provides insight into state of the art nanobiosensors used in high sensitivity molecular analysis and detection. It begins with an introduction into the fundamental ... More


Signaling Molecules: The First Neurotransmitters in the Brain

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Creating Modern Neuroscience: The Revolutionary 1950s

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195391503
eISBN:
9780199863464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391503.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter details early studies on signal molecules between nerve cells that mediate behavior. The key signal molecules for these functions are neurotransmitters, neuropeptides, internal second ... More


A Note on the Problem of Translation

Ann Goldstein (ed.)

in Answering Auschwitz: Primo Levi's Science and Humanism after the Fall

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780823233588
eISBN:
9780823241811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823233588.003.0019
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

Levi was a working scientist and the language of his stories reflects that the language he used was one of the particular difficulties of translating his stories. The language he used could be ... More


Signal reception: Ligand-gated ion channel receptors

R. Wayne Davies and Thora A. Glencorse

in Molecular Biology of the Neuron

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198509981
eISBN:
9780191723810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509981.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Fast synaptic transmission is crucial for real-time functioning of the brain. All the receptor molecules that mediate fast transmission events are also ligand-gated ion channels, i.e., they are ion ... More


Advanced Structural Inorganic Chemistry

Wai-Kee Li, Gong-Du Zhou, and Thomas Mak

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199216949
eISBN:
9780191711992
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216949.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This text is an updated English version of a class-tested textbook originally published in Chinese in 2006. Its contents are based on the lecture notes of several courses taught by the authors at The ... More


Mechanisms of adhesion between axons and glial cells

JAMES L. SALZER

in The Axon: Structure, Function and Pathophysiology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195082937
eISBN:
9780199865802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082937.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses the structural features of cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) and their role in axonal-glial interactions of myelination and nerve fiber outgrowth. CAMs mediate many of the ... More


Molecular mechanisms of axon guidance and target recognition

Corey S. Goodman and Marc Tessier-Lavigne

in Molecular and Cellular Approaches to Neural Development

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195111668
eISBN:
9780199865833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195111668.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

This chapter discusses the molecular mechanisms that direct the initial migration of axons and establish the initial stereotyped patterns of projections and connections. It begins with a review of ... More


Molecular Nanomagnets

Dante Gatteschi, Roberta Sessoli, and Jacques Villain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567530
eISBN:
9780191718298
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567530.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Nanomagnetism is a rapidly expanding area of research in nanoscience, opening perspectives of novel applications. Magnetic molecules are at the very bottom of the possible size of nanomagnets, and ... More


Homonuclear diatomic molecules

Arne Haaland

in Molecules and Models: The molecular structures of main group element compounds

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235353
eISBN:
9780191715594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235353.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

There is general agreement among chemists that the homonuclear diatomic molecules formed by hydrogen atoms (H2), halogen atoms (X2), or alkali metal atoms (M2) are held together by single chemical ... More


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