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The Traditional Sciences, the Scientific Revolution, and Its Aftermath

Seyyed Hossein Nasr

in Religion & The Order of Nature: The 1994 Cadbury Lectures at the University of Birmingham

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195108231
eISBN:
9780199853441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195108231.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Islam

To understand the radical transformations brought about by modern science concerning the order of nature, it is necessary first to mention the significance of the traditional sciences of the cosmos ... More


The Method of Modern Empirical Science

Michael Horace Barnes

in Stages of Thought: The Co-Evolution of Religious Thought and Science

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195396270
eISBN:
9780199852482
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396270.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter describes and defends the method of modem science in preparation for religious responses to science. It begins with a general description of late formal operational thought and with the ... More


Damned for God’s Glory: William James and the Scientific Vindication of Protestant Culture

David A. Hollinger

in After Cloven Tongues of Fire: Protestant Liberalism in Modern American History

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158426
eISBN:
9781400845996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158426.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter interprets William James' entire career in the light of his affinity with the liberal Protestant elite of his time and place on the one hand, and his devotion to the calling of modern ... More


Nature versus History: An Artificial Divide?

Hilary Marlow

in Biblical Prophets and Contemporary Environmental Ethics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199569052
eISBN:
9780191723230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199569052.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter explores the changes in human perception of the natural world that came about with the rise of modern science from the 16th century onwards, before narrowing its focus to the academic ... More


Warriors of the Cloisters: The Central Asian Origins of Science in the Medieval World

Christopher I. Beckwith

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155319
eISBN:
9781400845170
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155319.001.0001
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This book tells how key cultural innovations from Central Asia revolutionized medieval Europe and gave rise to the culture of science in the West. Medieval scholars rarely performed scientific ... More


The Disenchantment of the Intellectuals

John A. Hall

in The Importance of Being Civil: The Struggle for Political Decency

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153261
eISBN:
9781400847495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153261.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explores the alienation of many modern intellectuals. Perhaps the modern world is bereft of meaning, but the affluence provided by modern science means that for the vast majority of ... More


Epistemology and Science in the Image of Modern Philosophy: Rorty on Descartes and Locke

Gary Hatfield

in Future Pasts: The Analytic Tradition in Twentieth Century Philosophy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195139167
eISBN:
9780199833214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019513916X.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature, Richard Rorty locates the perceived ills of modern philosophy in the “epistemological turn” of Descartes and Locke. Hatfield argues that Rorty’s accounts of ... More


The Failings of Standard Empiricism

Nicholas Maxwell

in The Comprehensibility of the Universe: A New Conception of Science

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261550
eISBN:
9780191698750
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261550.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter first expresses that standard empiricism does not give justice to the achievements of modern science. The chapter then presents ten problems that standard empiricism cannot solve: the ... More


Concluding epilogue

Stig Stenholm

in The Quest for Reality: Bohr and Wittgenstein - two complementary views

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199603589
eISBN:
9780191729270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603589.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This section summarizes the arguments and comments on the opinions presented. This chapter is aiming at exhibiting an impression of the worlds of reality as seen from a position of modern science. ... More


The Machine in the Text: Science and Literature in the Age of Shakespeare and Galileo

Howard Marchitello

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199608058
eISBN:
9780191729492
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608058.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature, Shakespeare Studies

The reassessment of the ‘two cultures’ of art and science has been one of the most urgent areas of research in literary and historical studies over the last fifteen years. The early modern period is ... More


The Contemporary Relevance of Muhammad Iqbal

Basit Bilal Koshul

in Muhammad Iqbal: Essays on the Reconstruction of Modern Muslim Thought

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748695416
eISBN:
9781474416078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748695416.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter analyses Muhammad Iqbal's continuing relevance in three parts. The first part examines the ‘One/Many’ problem in the universe through Iqbal's concepts of khudi and the reality of God. It ... More


The Time Is at Hand

Krzysztof Michalski

in The Flame of Eternity: An Interpretation of Nietzsche's Thought

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143460
eISBN:
9781400840212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143460.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines Nietzsche's argument that all knowledge is inherently moral, as applicable to science. Regardless of the content of scientific assertions, scientific activity is an endeavor ... More


The Materialism Controversy

Frederick C. Beiser

in After Hegel: German Philosophy, 1840-1900

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163093
eISBN:
9781400852536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163093.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines the so-called “materialism controversy,” one of the most important intellectual disputes of the second half of the nineteenth century. The dispute began in the 1850s, and its ... More


Setting the Scene

Jonathan B. Edelmann

in Hindu Theology and Biology: The Bhagavata Purana and Contemporary Theory

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199641543
eISBN:
9780191732232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641543.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism, Religious Studies

Introduces the Bhāgavata Purāṇa and its commentarial tradition as seen within the context of traditional Indian thought and modern Indological studies, highlighting the specific theological and ... More


The Dialectic of Modern Science: Brecht’s Galileo

Ehrhard Bahr

in Weimar on the Pacific: German Exile Culture in Los Angeles and the Crisis of Modernism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520251281
eISBN:
9780520933804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520251281.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

During his exile in Denmark, Bertolt Brecht selected Galileo Galilei, an early representative of modern science, as protagonist for a play that he began to write in October 1938. He represents ... More


Promoting a Secular Standard: Secularization and Modern Journalism, 1870–1930

Richard W. Flory

in The Secular Revolution: Power, Interests, and Conflict in the Secularization of American Public Life

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520230002
eISBN:
9780520936706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520230002.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

Journalism played a significant role in the secularization of American public life by spreading ideas adapted from institutional spheres of knowledge production to the general public. This chapter ... More


Rationalization and Disenchantment

Johannes Quack

in Disenchanting India: Organized Rationalism and Criticism of Religion in India

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812608
eISBN:
9780199919406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812608.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

The third chapter distinguishes between the notions rationality, rationalism, and rationalisation as employed by Max Weber and reviews the way in which Weber and Charles Taylor understand the concept ... More


The Politics of Knowledge

Rajshree Chandra

in Knowledge as Property: Issues in the Moral Grounding of Intellectual Property Rights

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780198065579
eISBN:
9780199080120
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198065579.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter considers the cognitive hierarchies which are implied and structured by the intellectual property regime. It looks at the sociology of knowledge creation and the implications that it has ... More


Attacking the Enlightenment on Behalf of Orthodoxy: The Introduction to Philosophy and Law

Laurence Lampert

in The Enduring Importance of Leo Strauss

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226039480
eISBN:
9780226039510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226039510.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter deals with Strauss’s 1935 Introduction to Philosophy and Law and its critique of the modern Enlightenment, a critique that focuses on its alleged founders, Descartes and Hobbes, and its ... More


The Soul and the Heart in Twentieth-Century Kabbalah: The Kabbalistic Social Psychology of R. Yehuda L. ha-Levi Ashlag

Jonathan Garb

in Yearnings of the Soul: Psychological Thought in Modern Kabbalah

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226295800
eISBN:
9780226295947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226295947.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Chapter 5 begins with a sharp distinction between continuous and discontinuous forms of twentieth century and contemporary Kabbalah. This break theory is compared to the “mourning theory” developed ... More


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