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Coextinction: anecdotes, models, and speculation

Robert R. Dunn

in Holocene Extinctions

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199535095
eISBN:
9780191715754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535095.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Nearly all conservation and extinction research focuses on vertebrates and plants, but most organisms on earth are poorly studied or undescribed invertebrates, the majority of which are parasites or ... More


A Foundation for Community Capacity-Enhancement Practice

Melvin Delgado

in Community Social Work Practice in an Urban Context: The Potential of a Capacity-Enhancement Perspective

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195125467
eISBN:
9780199864188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195125467.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

This chapter presents a brief review of several theoretical schools of thought that have direct applicability to community capacity-enhancement practice in an urban environment. Topics discussed ... More


Community Approaches to Preventing Crime and Violence: The Challenge of Building Prevention Capacity

Ross Homel and Tara Renae McGee

in The Future of Criminology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199917938
eISBN:
9780199950430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917938.003.0022
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter pays tribute to Professor Farrington’s indefatigable efforts to put crime prevention onto a scientific foundation by offering some reflections on the emerging shape of community ... More


The U.S. Case: Pragmatic and Practice Oriented

Joseph M. Palacios

in The Catholic Social Imagination: Activism and the Just Society in Mexico and the United States

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226645001
eISBN:
9780226645025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226645025.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Sociology of Religion

This chapter uses the analytical model of the Catholic social imagination developed in Chapter 2 to examine and analyze how the various groups focused on the social justice mission of the Church ... More


Achieving change: the rise of partnerships and their impact on community development practice

Michael Pitchford and Paul Henderson

in Making spaces for community development

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847422590
eISBN:
9781447302759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847422590.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

Within the campaigning community work during the 1970s, the purpose of the community development role was to support local communities to challenge and make demands of the local state. Pressure was ... More


Helping Communities Design Governance Structures: The Technical Assistance Center Approach

Larry M. Gant

in A Twenty-First Century Approach to Community Change: Partnering to Improve Life Outcomes for Youth and Families in Under-Served Neighborhoods

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780190463311
eISBN:
9780190463342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190463311.003.0009
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

Abstract: This chapter reviews the bylaws written by six community governance boards taking part in Good Neighborhoods, a comprehensive community initiative concerned with improving the health and ... More


Food Web Complexity Enhances Ecological and Gaian Ecosystem Model

Stephan P. Harding

in Scientists Debate Gaia: The Next Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262194983
eISBN:
9780262283182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262194983.003.0024
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter discusses the relationship between complexity and stability in ecological communities and how it has been a major area of speculation and research in ecology since the 1930s. Most ... More


Fostering Community and Nationhood: Japan’s Model Community Program

Kazuyo Tsuchiya

in Reinventing Citizenship: Black Los Angeles, Korean Kawasaki, and Community Participation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816681112
eISBN:
9781452947945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816681112.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter discusses how the government of Japan fostered a sense of nationhood through the Model Community Program (MCP) during a national crisis. The Ministry of Home Affairs’ MCP established ... More


Comparing and contrasting current community organising models

Dave Beck and Rod Purcell

in International community organising: Taking power, making change

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781847429773
eISBN:
9781447310884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847429773.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

The chapter reviews the main features of the three main models of community organising: IAF, ACORN and Slum Dwellers International. The key features for each model are identified, and the ... More


Risk assessment and risk management: the right approach?

Hazel Kemshall

in Young people and 'risk'

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420008
eISBN:
9781447304364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420008.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

In recent years, the ‘risk business’ has seen a phenomenal growth and net widening. This also applies to crime management, with risk forming a key ingredient of the penal policy. In the adult arena, ... More


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