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Aspects of Reason

Paul Grice

Richard Warner (ed.)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198242529
eISBN:
9780191597534
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198242522.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book, based on Grice's 1979 Locke Lectures at Oxford and published posthumously, elaborates the notions of reasons, reasoning, and rationality, with particular emphasis on the unity of practical ... More


Knowledge Ascriptions and Context‐Sensitivity

Jason Stanley

in Knowledge and Practical Interests

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288038
eISBN:
9780191603679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288038.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers a range of context-dependent constructions, and concludes that there are sufficiently significant disanalogies between all of them and the behavior of epistemic predicates such ... More


Modals and Conditionals: New and Revised Perspectives

Angelika Kratzer

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199234684
eISBN:
9780191738432
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234684.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Theoretical Linguistics

The book contains new editions of a selection of author’s works on modals and conditionals: What “Must” and “Can” Must and Can Mean, The Notional Category of Modality, Partition and Revision, ... More


Epistemic Modality

Andy Egan and Brian Weatherson (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199591596
eISBN:
9780191729027
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591596.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book contains chapters on epistemic modality by top researchers in the area. Several chapters about the question of what kind of possibilities epistemic possibilities ask: What kind of a ... More


Contextualist Solutions to Three Puzzles about Practical Conditionals 1

Janice L. Dowell

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics Volume 7

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653492
eISBN:
9780191741661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653492.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses three puzzles about practical conditionals and inferences and shows how the flexible, contextualist semantic framework for “ought”. The chapter develops elsewhere resolves all ... More


Commissives

Bettelou Los

in The Rise of the To-Infinitive

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199274765
eISBN:
9780191705885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274765.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter focuses on a third type of ditransitive: commissives, with meanings like ‘promise’. The commissives are interesting in that finite clauses are still their preferred complement in ... More


Argument-Sharing II: Control

John M. Anderson

in Modern Grammars of Case

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297078
eISBN:
9780191711404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297078.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter extends the free-absolutive (or argument-sharing) analysis of ‘raising’ to what are claimed to be ‘control’ structures of various kinds, including causatives, tough-movement structures ... More


Modals and Modality

Ronald K. S. Macaulay

in Talk that Counts: Age, Gender, and Social Class Differences in Discourse

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195173819
eISBN:
9780199788361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173819.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter examines the use of modal auxiliaries. There are few social class differences, but some age and gender differences. Females are responsible for the majority of epistemic uses of modals. ... More


The Limits and Costs of Expressivism

Mark Schroeder

in Being For: Evaluating the Semantic Program of Expressivism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534654
eISBN:
9780191715938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534654.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter summarizes the basic insights and arguments needed in order to get this far. It is argued, however, that expressivists will have extraordinary difficulties trying to expand the ... More


Permission and (So‐Called Epistemic) Possibility

Stephen Yablo

in Modality: Metaphysics, Logic, and Epistemology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199565818
eISBN:
9780191722004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565818.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

David Lewis in ‘A Problem About Permission’ asks about the effect on context of permitting the previously forbidden. The set of permissible worlds expands, but how? One can ask in a similar vein ... More


Ethics

Roger Teichmann

in The Philosophy of Elizabeth Anscombe

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199299331
eISBN:
9780191715068
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299331.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Anscombe's moral philosophy can be presented via her critique of three notions or approaches: (a) the ‘fact/value distinction’; (b) a legalistic conception of morality; and (c) consequentialism. Her ... More


The Notional Category of Modality

Angelika Kratzer

in Modals and Conditionals: New and Revised Perspectives

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199234684
eISBN:
9780191738432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234684.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Theoretical Linguistics

The chapter derives a typology of possible modal expressions from three parameters: modal base, ordering source, and modal force. Modal bases represent the factual premises the truth of a modal ... More


Epistemic Modals and Correct Disagreement

Richard Dietz

in Relative Truth

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199234950
eISBN:
9780191715846
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234950.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

Epistemic modals are devices for marking the epistemic possibility/necessity of an underlying proposition. For example, an utterance of ‘It might be raining now in Sydney’ is true just in case the ... More


Three Forms of Truth Relativism

Iris Einheuser

in Relative Truth

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199234950
eISBN:
9780191715846
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234950.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

Several authors have argued that a range of linguistic data calls for a relativization of propositional truth to contexts of assessment or, more generally, perspectives. This chapter defends the more ... More


Coherent Infinitives in German

Roland Hinterhölzl

in Scrambling, Remnant Movement, and Restructuring in West Germanic

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195308211
eISBN:
9780199867318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308211.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter provides two empirical arguments against a monoclausal account of restructuring. It shows that adverbs in restructuring contexts can co-occur in an order that is impossible in simple ... More


Discourse Contextualism: A Framework for Contextualist Semantics and Pragmatics

Alex Silk

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198783923
eISBN:
9780191826573
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198783923.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This book investigates context-sensitivity in natural language by examining the meaning and use of a target class of theoretically recalcitrant expressions. These expressions—including epistemic ... More


Past possibility cross-linguistically: Evidence from twelve languages

Sihwei Chen, Vera Hohaus, Rebecca Laturnus, Meagan Louie, Lisa Matthewson, Hotze Rullmann, Ori Simchen, Claire K. Turner, and Jozina Vander Klok

in Modality Across Syntactic Categories

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198718208
eISBN:
9780191787539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718208.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter investigates modal-temporal interactions in twelve languages from seven families: English, Dutch, German, Mandarin, St’át’imcets, Northern Straits Salish, Halkomelem, Gitksan, Blackfoot, ... More


Context

Robert Stalnaker

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199645169
eISBN:
9780191761379
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645169.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This book is an exploration of the notion of the context in which speech takes place: its role in the interpretation of what is said in context, and in the explanation of the dynamics of discourse. ... More


Periphrases and non‐periphrases

John M. Anderson

in The Substance of Language Volume II: Morphology, Paradigms, and Periphrases

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199608324
eISBN:
9780191732041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608324.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Phonetics / Phonology

Grammatical periphrasis is distinguished from ecphrasis. In the latter an operative, such as English do, helps in the syntactic expression of a syntactic feature, such as interrogative. Progressive ... More


Introduction: Epistemic Modals and Epistemic Modality

Brian Weatherson and Andy Egan

in Epistemic Modality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199591596
eISBN:
9780191729027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591596.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter introduces the main themes of the volume, summarizes the chapters in it, and looks at the various arguments that have been raised for semantic relativism over the past decade. It ... More


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