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The Physics of Lyotropic Liquid Crystals: Phase Transitions and Structural Properties

Antônio M. Figueiredo Neto and Silvio R. A. Salinas

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198525509
eISBN:
9780191711756
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525509.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Mixtures of surfactant or amphiphilic molecules and solvents are known to display a large number of lyotropic mesophases. Although the physics of thermotropic liquid crystals has been vastly ... More


Working with roots

Christopher G. Small and Jinfang Wang

in Numerical Methods for Nonlinear Estimating Equations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198506881
eISBN:
9780191709258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506881.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter studies the broad class of models which have difficult problems of nonlinearity and multiple roots. These models include the mixture models, a model for bivariate normal paired data with ... More


BOOLEAN-VALUED MODELS OF SET THEORY: FIRST STEPS

John L. Bell

in Set Theory: Boolean-Valued Models and Independence Proofs

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568520
eISBN:
9780191717581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568520.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter presents a brief overview of the concepts from axiomatic set theory, then constructs the Boolean-valued universe V(B) and establishes its basic properties. The idea of a mixture of ... More


On non-parametric statistical methods

Peter Hall

in Celebrating Statistics: Papers in honour of Sir David Cox on his 80th birthday

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566540
eISBN:
9780191718038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566540.003.0007
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter describes some contemporary topics in non-parametric statistics and outlines their relation to computation, particularly some topics on pure mathematics. It opens with a brief comparison ... More


Paths in Pitch Space

Fred Lerdahl

in Tonal Pitch Space

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195178296
eISBN:
9780199870370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178296.003.0003
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

Using geometrical projections from the distance algorithms in the previous chapter, this chapter develops the notion of pitch-space paths in sequences of events at multiple prolongational levels. ... More


Binocular fusion and rivalry

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Seeing in Depth: Volume 1: Basic Mechanics/ Volume 2: Depth Perception 2-Volume Set

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195367607
eISBN:
9780199867264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367607.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

The fact that inputs from two eyes feed into a common mechanism gives rise to several interesting problems. Signals from the two eyes that arise from the same object must be distinguished from ... More


Introduction: Navajo as Default

John McWhorter

in Language Interrupted: Signs of Non-Native Acquisition in Standard Language Grammars

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195309805
eISBN:
9780199788378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309805.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of complexity arguments regarding second-language acquisition. It argues that this neglect of the role of reduction in language contact beyond ... More


Mixture Models

R. Duncan Luce

in Response Times: Their Role in Inferring Elementary Mental Organization

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195070019
eISBN:
9780199869879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195070019.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter examines models that attempt to formulate amy information the mind has about the signals presented and how the mind then makes decisions about what and when to respond. Topics discussed ... More


Vernon Smith Meets Messi in the Laboratory

Ignacio Palacios-Huerta

in Beautiful Game Theory: How Soccer Can Help Economics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144023
eISBN:
9781400850310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144023.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter focuses on zero-sum experimental games where players are predicted to choose probability mixtures. Whereas perfectively competitive games do not represent the entire universe of ... More


THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF MIXTURES

C.G. GRAY, K.E. GUBBINS, and C.G. JOSLIN

in Theory of Molecular Fluids: Volume 2: Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780198556213
eISBN:
9780191729041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198556213.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter describes the statistical thermodynamics or mixtures of fluids of non-spherical molecules. A description of the qualitative phase behaviour observed for mixtures of varying degree of ... More


The Nineteenth‐Century Vernacular

Peter van der Merwe

in Roots of the Classical: The Popular Origins of Western Music

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198166474
eISBN:
9780191713880
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198166474.003.0014
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Nineteenth-century music spoke essentially the same language, regardless of national differences or height of brow. Its most fundamental feature was the increasing independence of melody, which made ... More


Phase Diagrams Of Lyotropic Mixtures

Antônio M. Figueiredo Neto and Silvio R. A. Salinas

in The Physics of Lyotropic Liquid Crystals: Phase Transitions and Structural Properties

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198525509
eISBN:
9780191711756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525509.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Phase diagrams of lyotropic mixtures, in terms of temperature and relative concentrations of the components, display a variety of stable structures and regions. This chapter begins with the use of ... More


Binocular fusion and rivalry

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Binocular Vision and Stereopsis

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195084764
eISBN:
9780199871049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195084764.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins with a discussion of binocular fusion. It then discusses dichoptic color mixture, stimulus determinants of rivalry, binocular suppression selectivity, rivalry and stereopsis, ... More


Investigating Variation: The Effects of Social Organization and Social Setting

Nancy C. Dorian

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195385939
eISBN:
9780199870141
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385939.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Linguistic variation has been studied primarily in communities with the dominant social organization of our time: ethnic diversity, socioeconomic stratification, and a population size precluding ... More


The Variation Puzzle

Nancy C. Dorian

in Investigating Variation: The Effects of Social Organization and Social Setting

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195385939
eISBN:
9780199870141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385939.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

The unwritten Gaelic of East Sutherland fishing communities offers an example of linguistic variation in which individual speakers' competing variants lack social weighting. Dense face‐to‐face ... More


Group-Based Trajectory Modeling of Externalizing Behavior Problems from Childhood through Adulthood: Exploring Discrepancies in the Empirical Findings

Manfred H.M. van Dulmen, Elizabeth A. Goncy, Andrea Vest, and Daniel J. Flannery

in The Development of Persistent Criminality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195310313
eISBN:
9780199871384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310313.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The purpose of this chapter is to investigate whether there are systematic factors that may help explain the large discrepancy in findings from group-based trajectory modeling studies of offending. ... More


TRANSPORT PROPERTIES OF CHARGE CARRIERS AT LOW TEMPERATURE

A.F. Borghesani

in Ions and electrons in liquid helium

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199213603
eISBN:
9780191707421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213603.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter describes the main experimental techniques used to measure the drift velocity in superfluid 4He at low temperature. The experimental results are then presented by showing the ... More


Models for Liquid Water †

D. Eisenberg and W. Kauzmann

in The Structure and Properties of Water

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198570264
eISBN:
9780191715266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570264.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses models for water. Topics covered include small aggregate models, mixture and interstitial models, and distorted hydrogen-bond models.


THERMODYNAMIC PRINCIPLES

C. N. Hinshelwood

in The Structure of Physical Chemistry

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198570257
eISBN:
9780191717659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570257.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses thermodynamic principles. Topics covered include the laws of thermodynamics, the second law of thermodynamics, the principle of Caratheodory, a comparison of various methods of ... More


Pitfalls in Modelling Dependence Structures: Explorations with Copulas *

Pravin K. Trivedi and David M. Zimmer

in The Methodology and Practice of Econometrics: A Festschrift in Honour of David F. Hendry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199237197
eISBN:
9780191717314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237197.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Tests of co-movements are often formulated as covariance or correlation restrictions in a multivariate (GARCH) framework. Although such a framework permits tests of hypotheses about contemporaneous ... More


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