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Counteracting Circumstances

Andrew Mason

in Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter focuses on the neutralization approach and raises a difficulty inherent in it. In particular, it argued that the aim of neutralizing the effects of differences in people's circumstances ... More


Equality, Priority, and Sufficiency

Andrew Mason

in Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter argues that particular versions of the mitigation approach may also incorporate ‘quasi-egalitarian principles’ — principles which hold that certain kinds or degrees of inequality are ... More


Mitigating Principles

Andrew Mason

in Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

In order to defend a version of the mitigation approach as opposed to the neutralization approach, a plausible set of principles that might constitute that approach must be identified. The strategy ... More


 “No Net Loss”: Instrument Choice in Wetlands Protection

James Salzman and J. B. Ruhl

in Moving to Markets in Environmental Regulation: Lessons from Twenty Years of Experience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195189650
eISBN:
9780199783694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189650.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay evaluates wetlands mitigation banking (WMB) as a tool for accomplishing the policy of no net loss of the nation's wetlands. The first part describes the legal and historical background to ... More


The Humanitarian Responsibilities of Sovereignty: Explaining the Development of a New Norm of Military Intervention for Humanitarian Purposes in International Society

Nicholas J. Wheeler

in Humanitarian Intervention and International Relations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199267217
eISBN:
9780191601118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267219.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Argues that we are witnessing the development of a new norm of military intervention for humanitarian purposes in contemporary international society. Since the end of the Cold War, the United Nations ... More


International Criminal Justice at the Yugoslav Tribunal: A Judge's Recollection

Mohamed Shahabuddeen

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199670826
eISBN:
9780191751523
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199670826.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

International criminal justice has undergone rapid recent development. Since the establishment of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) in 1993, and the International ... More


Anti-Insurance

Robert D. Cooter and Ariel Porat

in Getting Incentives Right: Improving Torts, Contracts, and Restitution

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151595
eISBN:
9781400850396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151595.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

This chapter proposes a novel contract, dubbed “anti-insurance,” that perfectly solves the paradox of compensation. Breach of contract by the promisor poses a risk of loss to the promisee. With ... More


In the Shadow of Melting Glaciers: Climate Change and Andean Society

Mark Carey

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195396065
eISBN:
9780199775682
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396065.001.0001
Subject:
History, Latin American History

Climate change is producing profound changes globally. This environmental history analysis offers a much needed but barely examined ground‐level study of human impacts and responses to climate change ... More


Melted Ice Destroys a City: Huaraz, 1941

Mark Carey

in In the Shadow of Melting Glaciers: Climate Change and Andean Society

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195396065
eISBN:
9780199775682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396065.003.0002
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter analyzes the onset of Cordillera Blanca glacier disasters in 1941 through an examination of a glacial lake outburst flood that killed 5,000 people and destroyed one-third of the Ancash ... More


Engineering the Andes, Nationalizing Natural Disaster

Mark Carey

in In the Shadow of Melting Glaciers: Climate Change and Andean Society

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195396065
eISBN:
9780199775682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396065.003.0004
Subject:
History, Latin American History

In 1950, the Los Cedros glacial lake outburst flood destroyed the nearly constructed Cañón del Pato hydroelectric facility. President Manuel Odría responded by creating the Control Commission of ... More


Conclusion

Mark Carey

in In the Shadow of Melting Glaciers: Climate Change and Andean Society

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195396065
eISBN:
9780199775682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396065.003.0009
Subject:
History, Latin American History

As glacier retreat threatens people worldwide, this study raises crucial concerns about the successes, failures, and issues that societies might face as they grapple with climate change and shrinking ... More


Climate change and public policy futures

Ian Gough

in New Paradigms in Public Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197264935
eISBN:
9780191760365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264935.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter addresses some issues posed by climate change for thinking about public policy futures. It begins by summarising the scientific consensus and the case of climate change sceptics; the ... More


The ‘But Everyone Does That!’ Defense *

Douglas Husak

in The Philosophy of Criminal Law: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199585038
eISBN:
9780191723476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585038.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter theorizes about partial defences — those that reduce the severity of punishment without precluding criminal liability altogether. Many but not all partial defences are partial ... More


Pulling Back the Curtain on the Security Oz: Multilateral Governance and Genuine Sustainability in a Warming World

Gregory White

in Climate Change and Migration: Security and Borders in a Warming World

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794829
eISBN:
9780199919284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794829.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter concludes the volume. It examines the challenges of incorporating CIM into international relations theory. Although the limitations and pitfalls of a security-minded approach are ... More


Global Harm and Global Equity: The Case of Greenhouse Justice

Richard W. Miller

in Globalizing Justice: The Ethics of Poverty and Power

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199581986
eISBN:
9780191723247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581986.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Coping with harmful side‐effects of legitimate activities is a central aspect of moral responsibility in global interactions, epitomized in containment of climate harms due to greenhouse gas ... More


Trying to Catch up with the Executive Board: Regulatory Decision-Making and its Impact on CDM Performance

Krey Matthias and Santen Heike

in Legal Aspects of Carbon Trading: Kyoto, Copenhagen, and beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199565931
eISBN:
9780191722028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565931.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Private International Law

This chapter highlights some of the main reasons for uncertainty regarding the Clean Development Mechanism's (CDM) project performance, to assess the complaints brought forward, and to summarize ... More


Are Recurrent Major Recessions Inevitable?

Christopher Dow

in Major Recessions: Britain and the World 1920-1995

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241231
eISBN:
9780191596179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241236.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Previous chapters of this book have sought to explain why the major recessions of the twentieth century occurred; this chapter tries to answer the question of whether recurrent major recessions are ... More


Death Penalty Mitigation: A Handbook for Mitigation Specialists, Investigators, Social Scientists, and Lawyers

Jose B. Ashford and Melissa Kupferberg

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780195329469
eISBN:
9780199367603
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195329469.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

This book provides an introduction to socio-legal forms of mitigation in capital sentencing. It examines scientific formulations, concepts, and frameworks for structuring social history ... More


Evaluations Addressing Mitigation in Capital Sentencing

David DeMatteo, Daniel C. Murrie, Natalie M. Anumba, and Michael E. Keesler

in Forensic Mental Health Assessments in Death Penalty Cases

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195385809
eISBN:
9780199895311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385809.003.0024
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

The United States Supreme Court has consistently conveyed that the death penalty must be an individualized determination, and therefore the defendant has a right to present any information that might ... More


Risk Mitigation and the Relationship Advantage in IT Outsourcing

Thomas Kern and Leslie P. Willcocks

in The Relationship Advantage: Information Technologies, Sourcing, and Management

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241927
eISBN:
9780191696985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241927.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

Over the last decade the growth in significance and in the size of outsourcing deals has resulted in rising concern with the actual management of outsourcing arrangements, in particular with the twin ... More


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