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Conclusions

Price V. Fishback

in Soft Coal, Hard Choices: The Economic Welfare of Bituminous Coal Miners, 1890-1930

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195067255
eISBN:
9780199855025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195067255.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Coal mining offered the opportunity to earn money quickly during booms, but it was a dirty, dangerous job often located in isolated little towns. To protect themselves against exploitation by ... More


Rationalized Production:: Mechanization, Automation, Robotization

Vaclav Smil

in Transforming the Twentieth Century: Volume 2: Technical Innovations and Their Consequences

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195168754
eISBN:
9780199783601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168755.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Mechanization — a key trend of pre-WWI technical advances — intensified in all industrial sectors and reached new levels with automation and robotization after WWII. Major advances made in coal ... More


The History of the British Coal Industry: Volume 1: Before 1700: Towards the Age of Coal

John Hatcher

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198282822
eISBN:
9780191684418
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198282822.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Economic History

Well before 1700, Britain had become heavily dependent upon coal for its fuel, and coalmining had taken its place among the nation's staple industries. This book traces the production and trade of ... More


The Humble Origins of Modern Japan's Machine Industry

Jun Suzuki

in The Role of Tradition in Japan's Industrialization: Another Path to Industrialization

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198292746
eISBN:
9780191603891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292740.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter discusses the importance of artisan workshops in the development of the machine manufacturing industry. Silk-reeling and coal mining, which played the significant role in Japan’s ... More


Cartelism and Market Control: The United States in Comparison

Peter A. Swenson

in Capitalists against Markets: The Making of Labor Markets and Welfare States in the United States and Sweden

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195142976
eISBN:
9780199872190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195142977.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter returns to the analysis of twentieth century U.S. to explain the dual nature of its system of labor market governance in which cartelism, a centralized system of multiemployer collective ... More


About the Book and Supporting Material

Željko Ivezi, Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, Alexander Gray, Željko Ivezi, Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, and Alexander Gray

in Statistics, Data Mining, and Machine Learning in Astronomy: A Practical Python Guide for the Analysis of Survey Data

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151687
eISBN:
9781400848911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151687.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter begins by discussing the meaning of data mining, machine learning, and knowledge discovery. Data mining, machine learning, and knowledge discovery refer to research areas which can all ... More


Weapons in Sea Warfare

William H. Boothby

in Weapons and the Law of Armed Conflict

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199569946
eISBN:
9780191705250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199569946.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter discusses the law applicable to sea mines, nuclear mines, submarines, missiles, and torpedoes. In the context of sea mines, the 1907 Convention that addresses automatic submarine contact ... More


Imperial Mines and Quarries in the Roman World: Organizational Aspects 27 BC-AD 235

Alfred Michael Hirt

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199572878
eISBN:
9780191721885
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572878.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

For the Roman empire the control of its metal and marble resources was of high significance: marble was central to the representation of imperial wealth and power and the uninhibited access to metal ... More


Death’s Taken a Mighty Toll for Coal, Coal, Coal

Price V. Fishback

in Soft Coal, Hard Choices: The Economic Welfare of Bituminous Coal Miners, 1890-1930

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195067255
eISBN:
9780199855025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195067255.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Coal mining was one of the more dangerous occupations in the early 1900s. Workers were mobile enough that they reduced their labor supply to states where the mines were more dangerous. The United ... More


How computing has changed statistics

Brian D. Ripley

in Celebrating Statistics: Papers in honour of Sir David Cox on his 80th birthday

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566540
eISBN:
9780191718038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566540.003.0011
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter describes the effects on statistical work of the massive increase in the availability of computers and in their speed and storage capacities. The questions tackled concern the use of ... More


The Rules Relating to Mines, Booby-traps, and Other Devices

William H. Boothby

in Weapons and the Law of Armed Conflict

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199569946
eISBN:
9780191705250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199569946.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter takes the treaties that cover this subject in logical sequence and explains how each develops the law. The inter-relationship between the respective rules is discussed and the ... More


Mineral Disposal and Mining Rights to 1850

Anthony Scott

in The Evolution of Resource Property Rights

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198286035
eISBN:
9780191718410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198286035.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter begins by describing medieval mineral right regimes. The miner gained a lease-type tenure. That the tenure's characteristics changed and this is best explained by the landlords' changing ... More


After the Gold Rush: Alluvial and Hard Rock Mining on Public Land in the New World

Anthony Scott

in The Evolution of Resource Property Rights

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198286035
eISBN:
9780191718410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198286035.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

As placer mining waned, rights appropriate to technologies of deep alluvial and hard-rock operations were demanded in the US, Canada, Australia, and South Africa, and supplied by both local and ... More


PLANT FEATURES

Ernest H. Williams

in The Nature Handbook: A Guide to Observing the Great Outdoors

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195179293
eISBN:
9780199790470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179293.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

The diversity in size, shape, and growth requirements of different plants produces an astonishing array of features to see — from hairs, thorns, and waxes to tilting responses towards sunlight ... More


Sacred Mountains: A Christian Ethical Approach to Mountaintop Removal

Andrew R. H. Thompson

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813165998
eISBN:
9780813166698
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813165998.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Mountaintop removal (MTR) coal mining, which has profound environmental and social impacts on the Appalachian Mountain region, represents an urgent ethical issue for Christians. The book proposes a ... More


Geological Constraints and Organizational Implications

Alfred Michael Hirt

in Imperial Mines and Quarries in the Roman World: Organizational Aspects 27 BC-AD 235

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199572878
eISBN:
9780191721885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572878.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter discusses the geology and topography of marble outcrops and ore deposits which very much dictates the technology employed and the scale of extractive operations. These restrictions ... More


The Shifting Bases of Prosperity

Ian W. McLean

in Why Australia Prospered: The Shifting Sources of Economic Growth

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154671
eISBN:
9781400845439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154671.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter discusses how there are two recurring central themes when reflecting on why Australia was, and remains, so rich. First, the interactions between the principal determinants of growth have ... More


Terminology and Defining Concepts

Irwin Epstein

in Clinical Data-Mining: Integrating Practice and Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195335521
eISBN:
9780199777433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335521.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter situates clinical data-mining (CDM) specifically as a “practice-based research” strategy rather than as an example of “research-based practice.” The latter more closely approximates ... More


On the “Discovery” of Clinical Data-Mining, and Why Practitioners Should Do It

Irwin Epstein

in Clinical Data-Mining: Integrating Practice and Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195335521
eISBN:
9780199777433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335521.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter describes a time of “discovery” of CDM as a research method and the study that was in many ways the prototype for all future CDM studies. In the case described in this chapter the Mount ... More


The “Science” of CDM and the “Art” of Strategic Compromise

Irwin Epstein

in Clinical Data-Mining: Integrating Practice and Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195335521
eISBN:
9780199777433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335521.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter describes basic steps in the CDM process. It begins with a discussion of a working definition of clinical data-mining (CDM). It then discusses securing administration support and ... More


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