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Applications

I. David Brown

in The Chemical Bond in Inorganic Chemistry: The Bond Valence Model

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199298815
eISBN:
9780191708879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298815.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Practical applications of the bond valence model can be found in the solution and analysis of crystal structures, in the physical properties of materials, in mineralogy, chemistry and biology.


Small Sciences

Jack Morrell

in Science at Oxford, 1914-1939: Transforming an Arts University

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206576
eISBN:
9780191677229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206576.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the developments in the teaching of the so-called small sciences at Oxford University in England from 1914 to 1939. These small sciences include botany, zoology, geology, ... More


Asbestos and Its Diseases

John E. Craighead and Allen R. Gibbs (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195178692
eISBN:
9780199864591
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178692.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Although asbestos was once considered a miracle mineral, today even the word itself has ominous implications for all strata of our society. Incorporated in the past into over 3,000 different ... More


Early Applications of X‐Ray Crystallography

André Authier

in Early Days of X-ray Crystallography

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199659845
eISBN:
9780191748219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659845.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

The early applications of X-ray crystallography in different fields of science in the period up to 1913 are described. Chemistry: the first crystal structure determinations shed a new light on the ... More


Applications

I. David Brown

in The Chemical Bond in Inorganic Chemistry

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198742951
eISBN:
9780191802935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198742951.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The competition between chemical and spatial constraints leads to the unusual properties of many materials that have been analysed using the bond valence model. Applications are found in fields ... More


Crystals and Atoms: 1803–1818

Melvyn C. Usselman

in Pure Intelligence: The Life of William Hyde Wollaston

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226245737
eISBN:
9780226245874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226245874.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter describes Wollaston’s broadening interests after the chemical business had moved to profitability. He began to move in wider social circles and deepen his expertise in mineralogy and ... More


Recurrent color taxonomies

Hentschel Klaus

in Visual Cultures in Science and Technology: A Comparative History

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198717874
eISBN:
9780191787546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717874.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter starts by considering how, until recently, color illustration and reproduction were exorbitantly expensive and therefore relatively rare, with hand-coloring of drawings or printed ... More


What is a granite?

Anne Nédélec and Jean-Luc Bouchez

in Granites: Petrology, Structure, Geological Setting, and Metallogeny

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198705611
eISBN:
9780191774515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198705611.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

Granites are the most representative rocks of the continental crust. Seismic profiles locate them mainly in the upper crust. They are subdivided into three types (A, I and S) according to their ... More


Elements of Enlightenment

Hjalmar Fors

in The Limits of Matter: Chemistry, Mining, and Enlightenment

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226194998
eISBN:
9780226195049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226195049.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter investigates the interconnectedness of mining knowledge in a wider German and Swedish cultural sphere, and how the Officials of the Bureau began to distinguish themselves from their ... More


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