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Describing Ourselves: Wittgenstein and Autobiographical Consciousness

Garry Hagberg

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199234226
eISBN:
9780191715440
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234226.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

The voluminous writings of Ludwig Wittgenstein contain some of the most profound reflections of our time on the nature of the human subject and self-understanding — the human condition, ... More


The Resurrection of the Dead

Stephen T. Davis

in Christian Philosophical Theology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199284597
eISBN:
9780191603778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199284598.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter discusses the general resurrection. It first establishes that classical mind/body dualism — a theory seen (in different forms) in Plato and Descartes — is not the Christian position. ... More


Avoiding Cartesian Materialism

Nancey Murphy and Warren S. Brown

in Did My Neurons Make Me Do It?: Philosophical and Neurobiological Perspectives on Moral Responsibility and Free Will

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199215393
eISBN:
9780191707025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215393.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter explores the legacy of Descartes in attempting to understand the human mind, a legacy often referred to as Cartesian materialism. An account is given of the many ways in which Cartesian ... More


Mind-Body Dualism and the Two Cultures

Edward Slingerland

in Creating Consilience: Integrating the Sciences and the Humanities

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794393
eISBN:
9780199919338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794393.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Science

The distinction between the humanities and the natural sciences is often described in terms of two types of description, “thick” versus “thin,” or two modes of apprehension, “interpretation” ... More


The Metaphysical Realities of the Unphysical Sciences: Or Why Vertical Integration Seems Unrealistic to Ontological Pluralists 1

Richard A. Shweder

in Creating Consilience: Integrating the Sciences and the Humanities

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794393
eISBN:
9780199919338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794393.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Science

Reality testing is unavoidably grounded on metaphysical assumptions. Among reflective reality testers, a rather unconciliatory clash of metaphysical traditions has been going on for a very long time; ... More


Melancholia and the Passions 1643–1650

Stephen Gaukroger

in Descartes: An Intellectual Biography

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237242
eISBN:
9780191597480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237243.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Examines Descartes's later years through the large volume of correspondence from that period, much of it with Princess Elizabeth of Bohemia. This correspondence was mainly concerned with the ... More


Dualism and Doctrine

Dov Fox and Alex Stein

in Philosophical Foundations of Law and Neuroscience

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198743095
eISBN:
9780191802980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198743095.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Medical Law

This chapter argues that remnants of substance dualism or the ‘Cartesian’ theory of mind remain entrenched in legal doctrine in torts, criminal law, and constitutional criminal procedure. It contends ... More


Theories of the Mind

E. Brian Davies

in Science in the Looking Glass: What Do Scientists Really Know?

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199219186
eISBN:
9780191711695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219186.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter discusses the beliefs of Plato and Descartes. It starts with a discussion of Plato, because many mathematicians declare themselves to be Platonists. It then turns to Descartes' argument ... More


Mind and Body

in Silencing the Demon's Advocate: The Strategy of Descartes' Meditations

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804758161
eISBN:
9780804779661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804758161.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines Rene Descartes' argument for mind–body dualism in Meditation VI, and discusses essence in the argument for dualism and the mind–body composite. It explains that Descartes' view ... More


Borrowed Gods and Foreign Bodies: Christian Missionaries Imagine Chinese Religion

Eric Reinders

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520241718
eISBN:
9780520931084
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520241718.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

To the Victorians, the Chinese were invariably “inscrutable”. The meaning and provenance of this impression—and, most importantly, its workings in nineteenth-century Protestant missionary encounters ... More


Into Other Minds:: William and Henry James

Meghan Marie Hammond

in Empathy and the Psychology of Literary Modernism

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780748690985
eISBN:
9781474406376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748690985.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

Chapter One, “Into Other Minds: William and Henry James,” examines empathy during the transition to modernism via Henry James, William James, and the experimental psychologist E. B. Titchener. This ... More


Creating Consilience: Integrating the Sciences and the Humanities

Edward Slingerland and Mark Collard (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794393
eISBN:
9780199919338
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794393.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Science

Calls for a “consilient” or “vertically integrated” approach to the study of human mind and culture have, for the most part, been received by scholars in the humanities with either indifference or ... More


Milton's Angels

Jonathan Goldberg

in The Seeds of Things: Theorizing Sexuality and Materiality in Renaissance Representations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823230662
eISBN:
9780823235827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823230662.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

John Milton is famous for his nonconforming convictions, evident in his refusal of the concepts of Trinity, afterlife, and the delineation between the spirit and the physical world. Another viewpoint ... More


Thinking Through Theatre

Maaike Bleeker

in Deleuze and Performance

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748635030
eISBN:
9780748652587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748635030.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter explores the relationship between theatre and thinking through a confrontation of Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari's philosophical staging of thinking with Ivana Müller's theatrical ... More


The Matrix

Charles P. Bigger

in Between Chora and the Good: Metaphor's Metaphysical Neighborhood

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823223503
eISBN:
9780823235117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823223503.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines the concept of Plato's matrix in relation to the chora and the Good. It explains that Plato identifies the receptacle's primordial contents with shape, ... More


What zombies can't do: A social cognitive neuroscience approach to the irreducibility of reflective consciousness

Matthew D. Lieberman

in In two minds: Dual processes and beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199230167
eISBN:
9780191696442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230167.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Could an individual act and speak just like other individuals without having any internal conscious experience? Belief in the possibility of so-called philosophical zombies serves as a litmus test ... More


Under a Certain Form of Eternity: Spinoza’s Ethics

Roy Brand

in LoveKnowledge: The Life of Philosophy from Socrates to Derrida

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231160445
eISBN:
9780231530842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231160445.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter talks about Baruch Spinoza's magnum opus, Ethics, in which he states that humans can achieve a state of happiness by a peculiar mix he calls “intellectual love,” and this state can be ... More


Descartes and the Impossibility of a Philosophy of Action

Alexander Douglas

in Descartes and Cartesianism: Essays in Honour of Desmond Clarke

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198779643
eISBN:
9780191824692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198779643.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Students of Descartes are typically taught that he faced something called the ‘mind–body interaction problem’: the problem of explaining how, given mind–body dualism, the mind can cause actions in ... More


Was My Birth Embryo Me?

Sheldon Krimsky

in Stem Cell Dialogues: A Philosophical and Scientific Inquiry Into Medical Frontiers

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231167482
eISBN:
9780231539401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231167482.003.0022
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

In this dialogue, Dr. Rebecca Franklin is having a conversation with neuropsychologist Jacob Spencer and French philosopher-phenomenologist and metaphysician Antoinette Picard regarding the concept ... More


To Overcome Oneself: The Jesuit Ethic and Spirit of Global Expansion, 1520-1767

J. Michelle Molina

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780520275652
eISBN:
9780520955042
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520275652.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Religion

Drawing on the connections between the history of Western subjectivity and early modern European colonialism, this book explores how the idea of “self” emerged in seventeenth- and eighteenth-century ... More


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