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Switzerland: The Militia Myth and Incomplete Professionalization

Reto Wiesli

in The Political Class in Advanced Democracies: A Comparative Handbook

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199260362
eISBN:
9780191601873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260362.003.0020
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Four features are highly valued in Switzerland's political system and political culture: the militia principle, direct democracy, federalism, and consociationalism. These factors also have a strong ... More


A Government of Force

Max. M Edling

in A Revolution in Favor of Government: Origins of the U.S. Constitution and the Making of the American State

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195148701
eISBN:
9780199835096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195148703.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Chapter 7 and the corresponding Ch. 12 in Part Three of the book present the Antifederalist objections to a stronger national government in the “fiscal‐military” sphere, with this chapter looking ... More


Government by Consent

Max. M Edling

in A Revolution in Favor of Government: Origins of the U.S. Constitution and the Making of the American State

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195148701
eISBN:
9780199835096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195148703.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Chapter 8 and the corresponding Ch. 13 in Part Three of the book show how the Federalists responded to the Antifederalist objections to a stronger national government in the “fiscal‐military” sphere, ... More


Fusion Republicanism

Nancy L. Rosenblum

in Debating Democracy's Discontent: Essays on American Politics, Law, and Public Philosophy

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294962
eISBN:
9780191598708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294964.003.0022
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

“Fusion republicanism” is a fluid mix of democratic ideology, potential militancy, and invocation of civic virtue prevalent in American political life, a conglomeration of disparate elements of ... More


Walking in the Way of Peace: Quaker Pacifism in the Seventeenth Century

Meredith Baldwin Weddle

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195131383
eISBN:
9780199834839
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019513138X.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

“All bloody principles and practices we do utterly deny” – so pronounced a small band of the first English Quakers in 1660, renouncing wars, fighting, and weapons and enunciating principles of peace ... More


A Further Liberty in 1776

John Saillant

in Black Puritan, Black Republican: The Life and Thought of Lemuel Haynes, 1753-1833

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195157178
eISBN:
9780199834617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195157176.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Lemuel Haynes was separated at birth from his parents, described in his lifetime as an African man and a white New England woman. Haynes matured as an indentured servant in Granville, Massachusetts, ... More


The Russian Army’s Use of Balkan Irregulars during the 1828–1829 Russo-Turkish War

Alexander Bitis

in Russia and the Eastern Question: Army, Government and Society, 1815-1833

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263273
eISBN:
9780191734700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263273.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter considers the role Balkan partisans were assigned in the war of 1828–9 — a role tempered by the tsarist regime's fear that their participation might unleash a general uprising in the ... More


Fugitives and Soldiers

Margot Minardi

in Making Slavery History: Abolitionism and the Politics of Memory in Massachusetts

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195379372
eISBN:
9780199869152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379372.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter examines how black Bay Staters in the 1850s strove to claim “manhood” and “citizenship” by representing themselves and their ancestors as agents in history. This endeavor was especially ... More


Holland's Rulers: The Urban Oligarchies

James D. Tracy

in The Founding of the Dutch Republic: War, Finance, and Politics in Holland, 1572-1588

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199209118
eISBN:
9780191706134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199209118.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

In Flanders and Brabant, guilds had a share in urban government. Holland's cities were ruled by self‐perpetuating town councils. Whether brought to power by Orange, or merely adapting to new ... More


Urban Military Resources

Steven Gunn, David Grummitt, and Hans Cools

in War, State, and Society in England and the Netherlands 1477-1559

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199207503
eISBN:
9780191708848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207503.003.004
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter examines the direct contributions made by towns to their princes' wars. Town councils had constantly to manoeuvre between the sometimes exorbitant demands of their princes, the ... More


The Military Resources of the Nobility

Steven Gunn, David Grummitt, and Hans Cools

in War, State, and Society in England and the Netherlands 1477-1559

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199207503
eISBN:
9780191708848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207503.003.010
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter examines the resources deployed by the nobility in their participation in warfare. In England, their recruitment of troops became less important over time as retinues raised from their ... More


The War Department

Timothy K. Nenninger and Charles Pelot Summerall

in The Way of Duty, Honor, Country: The Memoir of General Charles Pelot Summerall

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813126180
eISBN:
9780813135649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813126180.003.0015
Subject:
History, Military History

On September 4, 1914, Charles Summerall reported to the War Department as assistant to the chief of the Militia Bureau in charge of the field artillery of the national guard. The War Department ... More


Performance Anxiety and the Belated Viewer

Harry Berger Jr.

in Manhood, Marriage, and Mischief: Rembrandt's 'Night Watch' and Other Dutch Group Portraits

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780823225569
eISBN:
9780823240937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823225569.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

The real purpose of the fiction of collective posing is to pretend to overcome, but actually to feature, the separateness of the individual participants who vie for the observer's attention. The ... More


Spain’s Armies

CHRISTOPHER STORRS

in The Resilience of the Spanish Monarchy 1665-1700

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199246373
eISBN:
9780191715242
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199246373.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter examines Spain's armies in the reign of Carlos II, seeking to show that the king had large numbers of men under arms. It explores how men were recruited for those armies, both at home ... More


Militarization and Wartime Conscription

Matthews James

in Reluctant Warriors: Republican Popular Army and Nationalist Army Conscripts in the Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199655748
eISBN:
9780199949953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655748.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the developments in Spain from the July 1936 coup until the implementation of conventional wartime military service within both Republican and Nationalist zones. It analyzes the ... More


The Night Watch: How the Sandbank Crumbles

Harry Berger Jr.

in Manhood, Marriage, and Mischief: Rembrandt's 'Night Watch' and Other Dutch Group Portraits

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780823225569
eISBN:
9780823240937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823225569.003.0013
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

The most famous and certainly the weirdest of all shooter portraits, the one that most fully tests the limits of disaggregation, was not originally known as The Night Watch. It acquired that title in ... More


Evasive Action: Three Ways to Shore Up the Sandbank

Harry Berger Jr.

in Manhood, Marriage, and Mischief: Rembrandt's 'Night Watch' and Other Dutch Group Portraits

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780823225569
eISBN:
9780823240937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823225569.003.0014
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

Because the proponents of the approaches all premise or assume that unity was a desideratum, either they ignore the disruptive features of the painting or else they allegorize them away. They ... More


Citizen Soldiers

Abigail A. Kohn

in Shooters: Myths and Realities of America's Gun Cultures

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195150513
eISBN:
9780199944095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150513.003.0014
Subject:
Sociology, Culture, Sport and Leisure

This chapter examines the history of gun ownership and gun control in the U.S. It explains that in colonial America and during the early republican period, citizens were required by the colonial ... More


Introduction

Timothy Bowman and Mark Connelly

in The Edwardian Army: Recruiting, Training, and Deploying the British Army, 1902-1914

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199542789
eISBN:
9780191741401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542789.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

The place of the British Army in the years between the South African War and First World War has not received the attention it deserves. Brian Bond and John Gooch have provided important studies of ... More


The Officer Corps

Timothy Bowman and Mark Connelly

in The Edwardian Army: Recruiting, Training, and Deploying the British Army, 1902-1914

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199542789
eISBN:
9780191741401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542789.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

The standard route of entry into the officer corps of the British Army was via the Royal Military Academy at Woolwich (for the Royal Engineers and Royal Artillery) and the Royal Military College, ... More


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