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Settling Accounts With the Past in a Troubled Transition to Democracy: The Portuguese Case

António Costa Pinto

in The Politics of Memory and Democratization

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240906
eISBN:
9780191598869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240906.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The military coup of 25 April 1974 in Portugal initiated the ‘third wave’ of democratic transitions in southern Europe. The transition and subsequent process of democratic consolidation evolved in ... More


The Authoritarian Republic, 1958–1968

Adeed Dawisha

in Iraq: A Political History

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157931
eISBN:
9781400846238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157931.003.0009
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter discusses events following the demise of Iraq's monarchy in 1958. The demise of the monarchy was met with almost universal approval by the Iraqi people. During the first week after the ... More


Aristide's Government, the Coup, and the International Response, January 1991-November 1992

David Malone

in Decision-Making in the UN Security Council: The Case of Haiti, 1990-1997

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198294832
eISBN:
9780191685071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198294832.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

President Aristide held power in 1991 only from 7 February to 30 September. His own behaviour as a political leader demonstrated that Haiti's political culture remained steeped in fear, intimidation, ... More


Turbulence in Governance, 1936–1958

Adeed Dawisha

in Iraq: A Political History

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157931
eISBN:
9781400846238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157931.003.0005
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter discusses events surrounding the 1936 Bakr Sidqi military coup. On October 29, 1936, planes from the infant Royal Iraqi Air Force circled over Baghdad then dropped leaflets demanding the ... More


The End of the Spanish Empire, 1898–1923

Sebastian Balfour

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205074
eISBN:
9780191676482
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205074.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This book provides a full account of Spain's disastrous war with the United States in 1898, in which she lost the remnants of her old empire. It also gives a comprehensive analysis of the ensuing ... More


The State Rules without Rules, 1968–2003

Adeed Dawisha

in Iraq: A Political History

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157931
eISBN:
9781400846238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157931.003.0010
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter discusses the events following the military coup on July 17, 1968, that ushered in the Ba'thist/Saddamist era. The Ba'thists were in no mood to share power with officers claiming ... More


Allende's Chile and the Inter-American Cold War

Tanya Harmer

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807834954
eISBN:
9781469602721
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807869246_harmer
Subject:
History, Latin American History

Fidel Castro described Salvador Allende's democratic election as president of Chile in 1970 as the most important revolutionary triumph in Latin America after the Cuban revolution. Yet celebrations ... More


The Probability of Military Rule in Africa, 1970 to 2007

Raul Caruso, Jacopo Costa, and Roberto Ricciuti

in The Economics of Conflict: Theory and Empirical Evidence

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262026895
eISBN:
9780262321976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026895.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter relates income, ethnic fractionalization, and external threat levels to the probability of military coups in Africa. It shows that per capita income has a negative effect on the ... More


Nationalism and the Ethnosectarian Divide, 1936–1958

Adeed Dawisha

in Iraq: A Political History

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157931
eISBN:
9781400846238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157931.003.0007
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter analyzes the growing divide between political elites in the wake of the military coup. In fact, the aftermath of the Bakr Sidqi coup can be seen as an effort by the out-group to move ... More


Conclusion: Revolution, Reform, and Resilience

Hazem Kandil

in The Power Triangle: Military, Security, and Politics in Regime Change

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780190239206
eISBN:
9780190239237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190239206.003.0018
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change, Comparative and Historical Sociology

The present study examined the processes of regime change in Iran, Turkey, and Egypt. It began with the coups that founded their various regimes and the division of power between military, security, ... More


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