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Visual Stress

Arnold J. Wilkins

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521747
eISBN:
9780191706691
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521747.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This book provides the first general neurological theory of visual discomfort. The theory attributes the experience of visual discomfort to the strong physiological excitation that certain visual ... More


Migraine: A Spectrum of Ideas

Merton Sandler and Geralyn M. Collins (eds)

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192618108
eISBN:
9780191724305
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192618108.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Thirty per cent of all women and ten per cent of all men experience migraine. This crippling illness does not kill, but its high morbidity poses a massive economic problem and gives rise to ... More


Introduction

Merton Sandler

in Migraine: A Spectrum of Ideas

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192618108
eISBN:
9780191724305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192618108.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Migraine is a crippling illness for those who suffer. Despite the ‘background noise’, there has also been considerable and valuable research effort in this field — if one combs the literature hard ... More


The neurovascular basis of migraine: some concluding thoughts

James W. Lance

in Migraine: A Spectrum of Ideas

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192618108
eISBN:
9780191724305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192618108.003.0027
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

The migraine attack may start in the brain and affect the vascular system secondarily. Feedback from vessels to the brain completes a vicious circle. In the internal carotid circulation, the phase of ... More


Neurology: Foundations of Brain Imaging

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Creating Modern Neuroscience: The Revolutionary 1950s

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195391503
eISBN:
9780199863464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391503.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter focuses on the development of clinical neurology. Clinical neurology was early combined with psychiatry in the 19th century and only began to emerge as a separate specialty around 1900. ... More


Speculation

Arnold J. Wilkins

in Visual Stress

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521747
eISBN:
9780191706691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521747.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

A number of speculative explanations for the relationship between strong visual stimulation and eye-strain are described, involving excitatory connections between columns, magnocellular and ... More


Illusions and headaches

Arnold J. Wilkins

in Visual Stress

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521747
eISBN:
9780191706691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521747.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Certain geometric patterns can be uncomfortable to look at and may sometimes provoke anomalous visual effects: illusions of colour, shape, and motion. The stimuli responsible are very similar to ... More


Diseases of the nervous system

Fabrizio Benedetti

in Placebo Effects: Understanding the mechanisms in health and disease

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199559121
eISBN:
9780191724022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559121.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Besides pain, Parkinson's disease represents an excellent model to study the neurobiological mechanisms of the placebo effect. The placebo effect in Parkinson's disease is mediated by dopamine ... More


Behavioural effects of m-chlorophenylpiperazine (m-CPP), a reported migraine precipitant

G. Curzon, G.A. Kennett, K. Shah, and P. Whitton

in Migraine: A Spectrum of Ideas

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192618108
eISBN:
9780191724305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192618108.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

The anxiogenic effect may be relevant to migraine, as anxiety or stress are candidates for precipitating attacks of migraine, and it is therefore of great interest that Brewerton et al. recently ... More


The nature of migraine: do we need to invoke slow neurochemical processes?

J.N. Blau

in Migraine: A Spectrum of Ideas

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192618108
eISBN:
9780191724305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192618108.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter asks: What is migraine? The word ‘migraine’ needs clarifying because it can be used in two senses: clinical attacks and the underlying migraine processes. This chapter describes the ... More


Contribution of experimental studies to understanding the pathophysiology of migraine

J.W. Lance, G.A. Lambert, P.J. Goadsby, and A.S. Zagami

in Migraine: A Spectrum of Ideas

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192618108
eISBN:
9780191724305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192618108.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

For any hypothesis to be truly satisfying, it must be compatible with all the known facts. The manifestations of migraine are so diverse that one must resist the temptation to seize on some and ... More


Regional cerebral blood flow in migraine

Jes Olesen, Tom Skyhøj Olsen, and Lars Friberg

in Migraine: A Spectrum of Ideas

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192618108
eISBN:
9780191724305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192618108.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Several methods for measuring regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) are now available. Each method and equipment has its own advantages and drawbacks. The xenon-133 (133Xe) inhalation or injection ... More


5-HT in migraine: evidence from 5-HT1-like receptor agonists for a vascular aetiology

P.P.A. Humphrey, W. Feniuk, and M.J. Perren

in Migraine: A Spectrum of Ideas

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192618108
eISBN:
9780191724305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192618108.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Regardless of the many considerations, GR43175 has been shown to be effective when administered subcutaneously and orally as well as when administered intravenously in the treatment of acute ... More


Is there still a case for the shunt hypothesis in migraine?

Pramod R. Saxena

in Migraine: A Spectrum of Ideas

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192618108
eISBN:
9780191724305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192618108.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

There can be no doubt that migraine is associated with changes in the cephalic (cerebral and non-cerebral) circulation; the doubts, however, concern the cause and nature of such changes. In a ... More


The biochemical basis of migraine predisposition

Vivette Glover and Merton Sandler

in Migraine: A Spectrum of Ideas

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192618108
eISBN:
9780191724305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192618108.003.0019
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses some aspects of the biochemistry of migraine predisposition, and indicate how some of the initiating factors may interact with the central monoamine systems. Professor Lance ... More


The current status of migraine therapy

F. Clifford Rose

in Migraine: A Spectrum of Ideas

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192618108
eISBN:
9780191724305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192618108.003.0024
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

A recent method of preventing migraine attack has been tried on patients with premonitory symptoms, for example, irritability, excitement, euphoria, or food cravings that occur as long as twenty-four ... More


Headache

Peter J. Goadsby and Michel D. Ferrari

in The Neurobiology of Pain: (Molecular and Cellular Neurobiology)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198515616
eISBN:
9780191723650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515616.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Headache is among the most fascinating and most common of medical problems. It can be a manifestation of a disease process in its own right, without a clearly defined other cause (primary headaches ... More


Origins of Visual Stress

Arnold Wilkins

in Visual Aspects of Dyslexia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199589814
eISBN:
9780191744785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589814.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Behavioral Neuroscience

The chapter begins with a description of the characteristics that make visual stimuli uncomfortable to look at. It is shown that certain spatial and temporal periodicity, and strong colour contrast ... More


Migraine and Tension-Type Headache

Lorene M. Nelson, Caroline M. Tanner, Stephen K. Van Den Eeden, and Valerie M. McGuire

in Neuroepidemiology: From principles to practice

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195133790
eISBN:
9780199863730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133790.003.13
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides information on the epidemiology of headache, with major sections devoted to migraine and tension-type headache. The clinical features of each headache type are discussed, and ... More


Pregnancy Complications

Michelle A. Williams and Robert W. Platt

in Reproductive and Perinatal Epidemiology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195387902
eISBN:
9780199895328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387902.003.0035
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

Pregnancy is characterized by profound metabolic and physiological alterations involving virtually every organ system. Among apparently healthy women, the metabolic challenges, or “stress test” of ... More


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