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Applications of Neutron Powder Diffraction

Erich H. Kisi and Christopher J. Howard

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780198515944
eISBN:
9780191705663
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515944.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book covers the theory, practicalities, and the extensive applications of neutron powder diffraction in materials science, physics, chemistry, mineralogy, and engineering. Various highlight ... More


Financial Market Complexity

Neil F. Johnson, Paul Jefferies, and Pak Ming Hui

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198526650
eISBN:
9780191712104
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526650.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Financial markets provide a fascinating example of ‘complexity in action’: a real-world complex system whose evolution is dictated by the decisions of crowds of traders who are continually trying to ... More


Three Words from the Thesaurus: Negro, Sex, and Tolerance

Werner Hüllen

in Networks and Knowledge in Roget's Thesaurus

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199553235
eISBN:
9780191720352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553235.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Lexicography

Obviously, any collection of words meant for general use mirrors the world at the time when the words were culled. Using the lexemes ‘Negro’, ‘sex’, and ‘tolerance’ and related items, concrete ... More


Asset Pricing under Asymmetric Information: Bubbles, Crashes, Technical Analysis, and Herding

Markus K. Brunnermeier

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296980
eISBN:
9780191596025
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296983.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Asset prices are driven by public news and information that is dispersed among many market participants. Traditional asset pricing theories have assumed that all investors hold symmetric information. ... More


A Multimodal Analysis of Structure and Function in Broca’s Region

Katrin Amunts and Karl Zilles

in Broca's Region

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177640
eISBN:
9780199864799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177640.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

The term “Broca region” is used inconsistently in the literature with respect to the underlying microstructure. It is often applied as a clinical and/or historical concept of a center of language ... More


INTRODUCTION

Nasr M. Ghoniem and Daniel D. Walgraef

in Instabilities and Self-Organization in Materials: Volume I: Fundamentals of Nanoscience, Volume II: Applications in Materials Design and Nanotechnology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298686
eISBN:
9780191720222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298686.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This introductory chapter presents some ideas and key concepts in materials science. These include developments in the field of materials science, examples demonstrating the critical role played by ... More


NONEQUILIBRIUM PHASE TRANSITIONS

Nasr M. Ghoniem and Daniel D. Walgraef

in Instabilities and Self-Organization in Materials: Volume I: Fundamentals of Nanoscience, Volume II: Applications in Materials Design and Nanotechnology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298686
eISBN:
9780191720222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298686.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter presents theoretical developments in the treatment of atomic clustering. The theory is applicable to atomic species, which broadly include lattice or surface atoms, molecules, impurities ... More


RADIATION-INDUCED INSTABILITIES

Nasr M. Ghoniem and Daniel D. Walgraef

in Instabilities and Self-Organization in Materials: Volume I: Fundamentals of Nanoscience, Volume II: Applications in Materials Design and Nanotechnology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298686
eISBN:
9780191720222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298686.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The irradiation of materials with energetic particles may induce drastic changes in their microstructure, and hence may induce important variations in their physicochemical properties. This chapter ... More


MECHANICAL INSTABILITIES

Nasr M. Ghoniem and Daniel D. Walgraef

in Instabilities and Self-Organization in Materials: Volume I: Fundamentals of Nanoscience, Volume II: Applications in Materials Design and Nanotechnology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298686
eISBN:
9780191720222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298686.003.0017
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter is focused on mechanical instabilities, which give rise to microstructure pattern formation and eventual failure of stressed solids. Plastic instabilities are described in detail because ... More


Classification of Market Microstructure Models

Markus K. Brunnermeier

in Asset Pricing under Asymmetric Information: Bubbles, Crashes, Technical Analysis, and Herding

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296980
eISBN:
9780191596025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296983.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The third chapter contrasts different market microstructure models. In the first group of models, all market participants submit whole demand schedules simultaneously. The traders either act ... More


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