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Atomic Force Microscopy

Peter Eaton and Paul West

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199570454
eISBN:
9780191722851
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570454.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Atomic force microscopy (AFM) is an amazing technique that allies a versatile methodology (it allows the imaging of samples in liquid, vacuum or air) to imaging with unprecedented resolution. But it ... More


Membrane proteins

Naomi E. Chayen, John R. Helliwell, and Edward H. Snell

in Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199213252
eISBN:
9780191707575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213252.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

The structural studies of membrane proteins lag those of their soluble counterparts. This is mainly due to the difficulty in crystallizing membrane proteins that have large hydrophobic regions that ... More


High-Resolution Electron Microscopy

John C. H. Spence

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199552757
eISBN:
9780191708664
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552757.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This book covers both practical and theoretical aspects of atomic resolution transmission electron microscopy. The discovery of the carbon nanotube, the three-dimensional imaging of the ribosome, and ... More


Introductory Remarks

Javier Defelipe

in Cajal's Butterflies of the Soul: Science and Art

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195392708
eISBN:
9780199863525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195392708.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This introductory chapter begins with a brief discussion of the many contributions of Santiago Ramón y Cajal, who is considered the father of modern neuroscience. He published almost 300 articles and ... More


Introduction

Peter Eaton and Paul West

in Atomic Force Microscopy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199570454
eISBN:
9780191722851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570454.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter covers the background to AFM, placing it in the context of other microscopic techniques. It describes some major highlights of AFM, illustrating the power of the technique. It describes ... More


Analytical techniques for studying and characterizing polymorphs

Joel Bernstein

in Polymorphism in Molecular Crystals

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199236565
eISBN:
9780191707940
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236565.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This chapter reviews the variety of analytical methods used in the investigation and characterization of molecular solids in general, and varieties of crystal forms in particular. The fundamental ... More


Introduction

Joachim Frank

in Three-Dimensional Electron Microscopy of Macromolecular Assemblies: Visualization of Biological Molecules in Their Native State

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195182187
eISBN:
9780199893416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182187.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This introductory chapter begins with an appreciation of the unique position of electron microscopy in biological research as it bridges a wide gap between X-ray crystallography and light microscopy. ... More


Floyd E. Bloom

Larry R. Squire

in The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography: Volume 7

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195396133
eISBN:
9780199918409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396133.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This autobiography describes his family upbringing, his undergraduate and graduate medical education, his early clinical training and the beginnings of his neuroscience research career. The details ... More


Strengthening Mechanisms in Crystal Plasticity

Ali Argon

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198516002
eISBN:
9780191705717
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198516002.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

The strengthening of metals by a variety of means has been of interest over much of history. However, the elucidation of the actual mechanisms involved in the processes of alloying and work ... More


Electron Crystallography: Electron Microscopy and Electron Diffraction

Xiaodong Zou, Sven Hovmöller, and Peter Oleynikov

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199580200
eISBN:
9780191731211
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580200.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This is the first textbook describing crystal structure determination (especially inorganic) from high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and electron diffraction (ED). The ... More


The surface of ice

Victor F. Petrenko and Robert W. Whitworth

in Physics of Ice

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198518945
eISBN:
9780191707247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198518945.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Especially at temperatures approaching the melting point, the surface of ice has properties significantly different from the bulk, and the surface is sometimes referred to as having a ‘liquid-like ... More


TOMOGRAPHY USING MAGNIFYING OPTICS

Yoshio Suzuki, Hiroyuki Toda, and Christian Schroer

in Advanced Tomographic Methods in Materials Research and Engineering

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199213245
eISBN:
9780191707582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213245.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter describes the principles of Fresnel zone-plate (FZP) optics and imaging properties of FZP microscopy in the context of tomographic application. The limitation of zone-plate optics is ... More


Electron crystallography ‐ an introduction

Xiaodong Zou, Sven Hovmöller, and Peter Oleynikov

in Electron Crystallography: Electron Microscopy and Electron Diffraction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199580200
eISBN:
9780191731211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580200.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

The historical introduction covers the parallel developments in EM on inorganic and biological samples. Vainshtein, Pinsker and Zvyagin in Moscow solved structures from electron-diffraction patterns ... More


Tip Treatment

C. Julian Chen

in Introduction to Scanning Tunneling Microscopy: Second Edition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211500
eISBN:
9780191705991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211500.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses various methods for tip treatment. First, a general discussion about the experimental facts of STM and AFM tips is presented, which points to the subtleties and significance of ... More


High-Resolution Electron Microscopy

John C. H. Spence

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199668632
eISBN:
9780191749322
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199668632.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

High-resolution electron microscopy covers both the practice and theory of atomic-resolution transmission electron microscopy (TEM) in all its modern forms and applications, with the aim of ‘seeing ... More


Three-Dimensional Electron Microscopy of Macromolecular Assemblies: Visualization of Biological Molecules in Their Native State

Joachim Frank

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195182187
eISBN:
9780199893416
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182187.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

In this book, the mathematical principles and working methods of single-particle reconstruction are described; a method designed to retrieve three-dimensional structural information from electron ... More


Glassy dynamics and dynamical heterogeneity in colloids

Luca Cipelletti and Eric R. Weeks

in Dynamical Heterogeneities in Glasses, Colloids, and Granular Media

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199691470
eISBN:
9780191729799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691470.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Concentrated colloidal suspensions are a well‐tested model system which has a glass transition. Colloids are suspensions of small solid particles in a liquid, and exhibit glassy behaviour when the ... More


Experiment and Observation

C. U. M. Smith, Eugenio Frixione, Stanley Finger, and William Clower

in The Animal Spirit Doctrine and the Origins of Neurophysiology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199766499
eISBN:
9780199950263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766499.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter discusses five individuals who questioned nature instead of the books of men. The first sections discuss William Harvey and Jan Swammerdam, who are known for their works on the ... More


Acoustic Microscopy: Second Edition

Andrew Briggs and Oleg Kolosov

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199232734
eISBN:
9780191716355
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232734.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Acoustic microscopy enables you to image and measure the elastic properties of materials with the resolution of a good microscope. By using frequencies in the microwave range, it is possible to make ... More


Edward Jones

Larry R. Squire

in The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography: Volume 7

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195396133
eISBN:
9780199918409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396133.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

Jones' work on the structure and function of the central nervous system is distinguished by enormous breadth and scope, both intellectually and technically. He has made seminal contributions to ... More


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