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Selection: The Mechanism of Evolution

Graham Bell

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198569725
eISBN:
9780191717741
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569725.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Adaptation is caused by selection continually winnowing the genetic variation created by mutation. In the last ten years, our knowledge of how selection operates on populations in the field and in ... More


Simple selection

Graham Bell

in Selection: The Mechanism of Evolution

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198569725
eISBN:
9780191717741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569725.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The action of selection is based on a few simple principles that are general to all self-replicating systems, and which constitute a distinct branch of science. This introductory chapter presents a ... More


What Was Life?: Answers from Three Limit Biologies

Stefan Helmreich, Sophia Roosth, and Michele Friedner

in Sounding the Limits of Life: Essays in the Anthropology of Biology and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164809
eISBN:
9781400873869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164809.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines three limit biologies that theorize what life was—that is, they declare the possible end of “life”: Artificial Life, marine microbiology, and astrobiology. Artificial Life is a ... More


Processes of Life: Essays in the Philosophy of Biology

John Dupré

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199691982
eISBN:
9780191738111
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691982.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This volume collects essays written by John Dupré during his time as Director of the ESRC centre for Genomics in Society, and reflects his interest in the implications of emerging ideas in biology ... More


Processes in Microbial Ecology

David L. Kirchman

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198789406
eISBN:
9780191831256
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789406.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

Processes in Microbial Ecology discusses the major processes carried out by viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and other protists—the microbes—in freshwater, marine, and terrestrial ecosystems. The ... More


Introduction

John Dupré

in Processes of Life: Essays in the Philosophy of Biology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199691982
eISBN:
9780191738111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691982.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This introduction introduces the central themes that run through the following chapters, and provides a brief summary of the main theses defended in the chapters.


Microbes from Hell

Patrick Forterre

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226265827
eISBN:
9780226265964
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226265964.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

The book “Microbes from Hell” is both an historical report of the discovery of hyperthermophiles and a personal recollection by the author of his own work on these microorganisms. The molecular ... More


Seeing Things: The Philosophy of Reliable Observation

Robert Hudson

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199303281
eISBN:
9780199367627
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199303281.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The main goal of Seeing Things is to criticize a common way of arguing called ‘robustness reasoning’. With robustness reasoning, one claims that an observation report is more likely to be true (or, ... More


Outbreak management

Nizam Damani

in Manual of Infection Prevention and Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199698356
eISBN:
9780191732126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698356.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

An outbreak of infection or food-borne illness may be defined as happening when two or more linked cases of the same illness or the situation where the observed number of cases exceeds the expected ... More


Catheter-associated urinary tract infections

Nizam Damani

in Manual of Infection Prevention and Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199698356
eISBN:
9780191732126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698356.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

It has been estimated that about 10% of hospitalized patients require urinary catheterization. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) following catheterization are the most common infections, accounting for ... More


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