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Triumph of the Fungi: A Rotten History

Nicholas P. Money

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195189711
eISBN:
9780199790265
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189711.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This book is concerned with the most devastating fungal diseases in history. These are the plagues of trees and crop plants caused by invisible spores that have reshaped entire landscapes and ... More


Carpet Monsters and Killer Spores: A Natural History of Toxic Mold

Nicholas P. Money

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172270
eISBN:
9780199790258
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172270.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

We live on a very moldy planet. Microscopic fungi blossom on every scrap of plant debris and are part of every crumb of soil. Molds can also grow in great profusion in our homes and workplaces, ... More


Quantitative Viral Ecology: Dynamics of Viruses and Their Microbial Hosts

Joshua S. Weitz

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161549
eISBN:
9781400873968
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161549.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

When we think about viruses we tend to consider ones that afflict humans—such as those that cause influenza, HIV, and Ebola. Yet, vastly more viruses infect single-celled microbes. Diverse and ... More


New Trends in the Physics and Mechanics of Biological Systems: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 92, July 2009

Martine Ben Amar, Alain Goriely, Martin Michael Müller, and Leticia Cugliandolo (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199605835
eISBN:
9780191729522
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199605835.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

In July 2009, many experts in the mathematical modelling of biological sciences gathered in Les Houches for a four-week summer school on the mechanics and physics of biological systems. The goal of ... More


Microbial biodiversity and biogeography

David A. Pearce and Pierre E. Galand

in Polar Lakes and Rivers: Limnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199213887
eISBN:
9780191707506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213887.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter summarizes the major groups of microorganisms found in high latitude aquatic ecosystems and the methodological approaches used to study their biodiversity. The underlying mechanisms that ... More


What Was Life?: Answers from Three Limit Biologies

Stefan Helmreich, Sophia Roosth, and Michele Friedner

in Sounding the Limits of Life: Essays in the Anthropology of Biology and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164809
eISBN:
9781400873869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164809.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines three limit biologies that theorize what life was—that is, they declare the possible end of “life”: Artificial Life, marine microbiology, and astrobiology. Artificial Life is a ... More


<i>Homo Microbis</i>: Species, Race, Sex, and the Human Microbiome

Stefan Helmreich, Sophia Roosth, and Michele Friedner

in Sounding the Limits of Life: Essays in the Anthropology of Biology and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164809
eISBN:
9781400873869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164809.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines some of the celebratory accounts that have gathered around the human microbiome—the ecology of microbes that exist in human bodies, with a particular focus on how it is infused ... More


Experimental Evolution of Adaptive Diversification in Microbes

Michael Doebeli

in Adaptive Diversification (MPB-48)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128931
eISBN:
9781400838936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128931.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This concluding chapter argues that experimental evolution with microbes has emerged as a very attractive alternative to overcome the problem of long time scales in empirical studies of evolution. ... More


Coevolutionary Dynamics of Viruses and Microbes

Joshua S. Weitz

in Quantitative Viral Ecology: Dynamics of Viruses and Their Microbial Hosts

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161549
eISBN:
9781400873968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161549.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter discusses coevolutionary dynamics of viruses and microbes. Virus mutation and host mutations occur rapidly, so much so that new virus and host mutants are expected to arise on timescales ... More


Ocean Viruses: On Their Abundance, Diversity, and Target Hosts

Joshua S. Weitz

in Quantitative Viral Ecology: Dynamics of Viruses and Their Microbial Hosts

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161549
eISBN:
9781400873968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161549.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter introduces the theoretical and modeling approaches necessary to estimate (i) viral abundance, (ii) viral diversity, and (iii) virus–host interactions. Viruses are extremely abundant in ... More


The Future of Quantitative Viral Ecology

Joshua S. Weitz

in Quantitative Viral Ecology: Dynamics of Viruses and Their Microbial Hosts

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161549
eISBN:
9781400873968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161549.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter presents a perspective on the types of developments, both technical and theoretical, that are forthcoming and the influence they are likely to have in shaping our view of the diversity ... More


Microbial community ecology of tick-borne human pathogens

Clay Keith, Clay Fuqua, Curt Lively, and Michael J. Wade

in Disease Ecology: Community structure and pathogen dynamics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567080
eISBN:
9780191717871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567080.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The prevalence of human pathogens may be determined in part by microbial interactions within vectors. Ticks represent the primary source of vector-borne infections disease in the United States and ... More


Disease dynamics in plant communities

Charles E. Mitchell and Allson G. Power

in Disease Ecology: Community structure and pathogen dynamics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567080
eISBN:
9780191717871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567080.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The prevalence of human pathogens may be determined in part by microbial interactions within vectors. Ticks represent the primary source of vector-borne infections disease in the United States and ... More


Is Metal Uptake Related to Ecological Niche in the Vertebrate Host?

Joseph Lemire, Trevor F. Moraes, Vahid Fa Andisi, and Anthony B. Schryvers

in Trace Metals and Infectious Diseases

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029193
eISBN:
9780262327619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029193.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

There is a complex interplay between the vertebrate host and the microbes that inhabit its mucosal surfaces in their competition for essential metal ions. Mucosal surfaces in the host constitute an ... More


Genes, Germs, and Enzymes

Jan Sapp

in Genesis: The Evolution of Biology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156195
eISBN:
9780199790340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156195.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the development of the understanding of genes, enzymes, and microbial genetics. The first breakthrough in understanding how genes actually functioned in the cell was made by ... More


Symbiotic Interactions

Charles R. C. Sheppard, Simon K. Davy, and Graham M. Pilling

in The Biology of Coral Reefs

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198566359
eISBN:
9780191713934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566359.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Aquatic Biology

Symbiosis, where different species live together for prolonged periods, is ubiquitous and extremely important in coral reefs. The most important symbiosis is between corals and the microalgae ... More


Microbial biodiversity and ecosystem functioning under controlled conditions and in the wild

Thomas Bell, Mark O. Gessner, Robert I. Griffiths, Jennie R. McLaren, Peter J. Morin, Marcel van der Heijden, and Wim H. van der Putten

in Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547951
eISBN:
9780191720345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547951.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Primary production and decomposition by microbial communities underpins the functioning of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Microbial communities also provide economically important services such ... More


What Are Natural Products?

Richard Firn

in Nature's Chemicals: The Natural Products that shaped our world

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199566839
eISBN:
9780191721700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566839.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

All organisms are made up of chemicals. There is a common collection of several hundreds of substances that are produced by all living organisms. However, hundreds of thousands of different chemicals ... More


Germ Wars: The Politics of Microbes and America's Landscape of Fear

Melanie Armstrong

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520292765
eISBN:
9780520966147
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520292765.001.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

The United States government has spent billions of dollars this century to prepare the nation for bioterrorism, despite the extremely rare occurrence of biological attacks in modern American history. ... More


Introduction

Jerome O. Nriagu and Eric P. Skaar

in Trace Metals and Infectious Diseases

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029193
eISBN:
9780262327619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029193.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Interest in processes at the nexus of host–microbe–metal interactions has risen as a result of advancements in the study of metallomics, proteomics, and genomics. These emerging fields have given ... More


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