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 The Heavens: Prediction and Providence

Peter Adamson

in Al-KindĪ

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195181425
eISBN:
9780199785087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181425.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter shows how al-Kindī interweaves ideas from Greek cosmology to give a theory that can explain the efficacy of astrology and how God’s providence is dispersed by means of heavenly ... More


Loyola's Bees: Ideology and Industry in Jesuit Latin Didactic Poetry

Yasmin Haskell

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262849
eISBN:
9780191734588
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262849.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

This is the first dedicated study of the classical-style, Latin didactic poetry produced by the Society of Jesus in the early modern period. The Jesuits were the most prolific composers of such ... More


The Cosmic Viewpoint: A Study of Seneca's Natural Questions

Gareth D. Williams

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199731589
eISBN:
9780199933112
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731589.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

Seneca’s Natural Questions is an eight‐book disquisition on the nature of meteorological phenomena, many of which had been treated in the earlier Greco‐Roman meteorological tradition; but what ... More


Teleology and Elements

Monte Ransome Johnson

in Aristotle on Teleology

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199285303
eISBN:
9780191603143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285306.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Did Aristotle consider the properties of the elements to be teleologically explicable? According to some commentators, he did not, but considered these to operate according to material, moving, or ... More


The Parent of a Hundred Superstitions

Maureen Perkins

in Visions of the Future: Almanacs, Time, and Cultural Change 1775-1870

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198121787
eISBN:
9780191671302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198121787.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature, 18th-century Literature

The disappearance of weather almanacs in the 1860s was connected with Robert Fitzroy's dissemination of official government reports to the newspapers. It was during the 1860s that newspapers became ... More


Masters of Uncertainty: Weather Forecasters and the Quest for Ground Truth

Phaedra Daipha

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226298542
eISBN:
9780226298719
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226298719.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This book draws on a two-year ethnography of forecasting operations at the National Weather Service (NWS) to theorize decision-making in action. Contrary to popular wisdom, weather forecasters are ... More


A New Beginning 1629–1630

Stephen Gaukroger

in Descartes: An Intellectual Biography

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237242
eISBN:
9780191597480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237243.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Discusses possible reasons for Descartes's move to the Netherlands, and his avoidance of patronage there. Considers his work on optics (including the sine law of refraction and the grinding of ... More


The Weather Prediction Enterprise

Phaedra Daipha

in Masters of Uncertainty: Weather Forecasters and the Quest for Ground Truth

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226298542
eISBN:
9780226298719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226298719.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

Centered on the unfolding and eventual closure of a recent, highly contentious operational transition at the NWS, this chapter introduces readers to the institutionalized environment in which NWS ... More


Early China Coast Meteorology: The Role of Hong Kong

P. Kevin MacKeown

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789888028856
eISBN:
9789882206878
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888028856.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

Numerous personality clashes and financial and other intrigues surrounded the early efforts to set up an observatory in Hong Kong. Blending personalities, politics, and practicalities of studying the ... More


Nineteenth-Century Observatories

P. Kevin MacKeown

in Early China Coast Meteorology: The Role of Hong Kong

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789888028856
eISBN:
9789882206878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888028856.003.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines nineteenth-century meteorological observatories in relation to the history of the Hong Kong Observatory. It discusses early systematic observations of the weather prior to 1860, ... More


Universal Dissatisfaction

P. Kevin MacKeown

in Early China Coast Meteorology: The Role of Hong Kong

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789888028856
eISBN:
9789882206878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888028856.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the dissatisfaction that was made manifest with the Hong Kong Observatory in 1887, particularly in matters related to meteorology. The criticisms were centered on director ... More


Research in Science

Deepak Kumar

in Science and the Raj: A Study of British India

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195687149
eISBN:
9780199081684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195687149.003.0005
Subject:
History, Indian History

Although science in the metropolis had undergone significant professionalization and specialization, this was not beneficial to India's educational system. As a result, few Indians were able to ... More


Misfortunes and Shipwrecks in the Seas of the Indies, Islands, and Mainland of the Ocean Sea (1513–1548): Book Fifty of the 'General and Natural History of the Indies'

Gonzalo Fernandez de Oviedo

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813035406
eISBN:
9780813038377
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813035406.001.0001
Subject:
History, World Early Modern History

These dramatic tales of seafaring and shipwrecks have been translated into English for the first time from the author's sixteenth-century reports on the perils and disasters experienced by travelers ... More


Introduction

Kristine C. Harper

in Weather by the Numbers: The Genesis of Modern Meteorology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262083782
eISBN:
9780262274982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262083782.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This introductory chapter sets out the book’s four main goals: (i) to tell the story of American meteorology’s transformation from a discipline more art than science in the early twentieth century to ... More


The Imperial Politics of Hurricane Prediction: From Calcutta and Havana to Manila and Galveston, 1839–1900

Gregory T. Cushman

in Nation-States and the Global Environment: New Approaches to International Environmental History

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199755356
eISBN:
9780199345090
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755356.003.0008
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter analyzes an early case of international collaboration to obtain protection from environmental harm, highlighting the importance of science and new communication technologies to imperial ... More


Introduction

Gary Alan Fine

in Authors of the Storm: Meteorologists and the Culture of Prediction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226249520
eISBN:
9780226249544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226249544.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This introductory chapter begins by outlining the broad theoretical issues addressed in this book, in an attempt to understand the conditions of work of weather forecasters. It then provides a ... More


On the Floor

Gary Alan Fine

in Authors of the Storm: Meteorologists and the Culture of Prediction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226249520
eISBN:
9780226249544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226249544.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter explores the social contours of the meteorological life. The goal is to situate the occupation within its organizational and social psychological constraints. It argues that the ... More


A Public Science

Gary Alan Fine

in Authors of the Storm: Meteorologists and the Culture of Prediction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226249520
eISBN:
9780226249544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226249544.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter focuses on the organizational features of meteorology, particularly the position of operational meteorology as government-sponsored activity. The organization of operational meteorology ... More


Climate Change 1

David Moon

in The Plough that Broke the Steppes: Agriculture and Environment on Russia's Grasslands, 1700-1914

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199556434
eISBN:
9780191747243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556434.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Chapter four considers climate change and the vexed question of whether, and if so why, droughts were becoming more frequent. For much of the nineteenth century, contemporaries believed that the ... More


Changes in the Forecast: Data Gathering, Mapping, and Weather Predictions

James Schwoch

in Wired into Nature: The Telegraph and the North American Frontier

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780252041778
eISBN:
9780252050459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252041778.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

The chapter opens with a discussion of the establishment of the Signal Service in 1870. The Signal Service was the weather observation branch of the Signal Corps, and the decision to establish ... More


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