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How Good Are Fast and Frugal Heuristics?

Gerd Gigerenzer, Jean Czerlinski, and Laura Martignon

in Common Sense, Reasoning, and Rationality

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147667
eISBN:
9780199785865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147669.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that models of reasonable and rational judgment should look outside the mind to the structure of the environment in which the mind must operate. The everyday world presents ... More


Metareasoning: Thinking about Thinking

Michael T. Cox and Anita Raja (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014809
eISBN:
9780262295284
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014809.001.0001
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

The capacity to think about our own thinking may lie at the heart of what it means to be both human and intelligent. Philosophers and cognitive scientists have investigated these matters for many ... More


The Role of Metareasoning in Achieving Effective Multiagent Coordination

Zachary B. Rubinstein, Stephen F. Smith, and Terry L. Zimmerman

in Metareasoning: Thinking about Thinking

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014809
eISBN:
9780262295284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014809.003.0014
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

This chapter examines the role of metareasoning in achieving effective coordination among multiple agents that maintain and execute joint plans in an uncertain environment. The focus is on the CMU ... More


Distributed Metamanagement for Self-Protection and Self-Explanation

Catriona M. Kennedy

in Metareasoning: Thinking about Thinking

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014809
eISBN:
9780262295284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014809.003.0015
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

This chapter presents a distributed metareasoning architecture for a single cognitive agent, where the metalevel and object-level components form a nonhierarchical network in which the metalevels ... More


Weighted Prediction Divergence for Metareasoning

Brett J. Borghetti and Maria Gini

in Metareasoning: Thinking about Thinking

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014809
eISBN:
9780262295284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014809.003.0016
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

This chapter presents a metareasoning system that relies on a prediction performance measurement, and proposes a novel model performance measurement that fulfills this need: weighted prediction ... More


Anthropomorphic Self-Models for Metareasoning Agents

Andrew S. Gordon, Jerry R. Hobbs, and Michael T. Cox

in Metareasoning: Thinking about Thinking

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014809
eISBN:
9780262295284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014809.003.0019
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

This chapter argues for making representational commitments in metareasoning systems in a principled manner, that is, through the development of anthropomorphic self-models. Integrated, ... More


Varieties of Metacognition in Natural and Artificial Systems

Aaron Sloman

in Metareasoning: Thinking about Thinking

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014809
eISBN:
9780262295284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014809.003.0020
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

This chapter surveys varieties of metacognition, drawing attention to requirements that drove biological evolution and which are also relevant to ambitious engineering goals. It shows how designs ... More


Metareasoning: An Introduction

Michael T. Cox and Anita Raja

in Metareasoning: Thinking about Thinking

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014809
eISBN:
9780262295284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014809.003.0001
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

This introductory chapter begins with a brief discussion of the concept of metareasoning. It then provides manifesto in an attempt to present in plain language and simple diagrams a description of a ... More


There’s No “Me” in “Meta”—Or Is There?

Don Perlis

in Metareasoning: Thinking about Thinking

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014809
eISBN:
9780262295284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014809.003.0002
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

This chapter deals with the following theme: when we examine our performance of a cognitive activity X, must that examining effectively halt our X-performance, or at least so change it that it no ... More


Metareasoning and Bounded Rationality

Shlomo Zilberstein

in Metareasoning: Thinking about Thinking

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014809
eISBN:
9780262295284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014809.003.0003
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

This chapter explores the relationship between computational models of rational behavior and metareasoning. It examines several approaches to bounded rationality, dividing them into four broad ... More


Learning Expertise with Bounded Rationality and Self-Awareness

Susan L. Epstein and Smiljana Petrovic

in Metareasoning: Thinking about Thinking

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014809
eISBN:
9780262295284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014809.003.0004
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

This chapter describes how an architecture enhanced by metareasoning assesses expertise, manages large bodies of heuristics, and learns to think more effectively. FORR (FOr the Right Reasons) is a ... More


Metareasoning as a Formal Computational Problem

Vincent Conitzer

in Metareasoning: Thinking about Thinking

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014809
eISBN:
9780262295284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014809.003.0008
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

An agent acting in the world generally needs to spend some time and other resources on deliberation, to assess the quality of the various plans of action available to it. Determining which ... More


Metareasoning, Monitoring, and Self-Explanation

Michael T. Cox

in Metareasoning: Thinking about Thinking

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014809
eISBN:
9780262295284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014809.003.0009
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

This chapter examines the potential that the monitoring of reasoning provides and considers what implications exist. For metareasoning in agent-based systems, the self is the object of the ... More


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