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What Does It Take to Be Human?: Lessons From High School Algebra

John R. Anderson

in How Can the Human Mind Occur in the Physical Universe?

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195324259
eISBN:
9780199786671
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195324259.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

Much of our cognitive architecture we share with other primates. The unique feature of the human mind is the ability to acquire nearly arbitrary competences that were not anticipated in our ... More


Mindfulness and Irrational Beliefs

David I. Mellinger

in Rational and Irrational Beliefs: Research, Theory, and Clinical Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195182231
eISBN:
9780199870684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182231.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter discusses metacognitions from the vantage points of Buddhist psychology and cognitive behavior theory, and also metacognitive therapy strategies based on CBT and mindfulness practice are ... More


The Spotlight: Attention, Absorption, and The Construction of Reality

Bernard J. Baars

in In the Theater of Consciousness: The Workspace of the Mind

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195102659
eISBN:
9780199864126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195102659.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter begins with a discussion of the difference between attention and consciousness. It then considers voluntary attention and metacognition, metacognition and overload, absorption and ... More


Constant Enough: On the Kinds of Perceptual Constancy Worth Having

Frank H. Durgin, Anna J. Ruff, and Robert C. Russell

in Visual Experience: Sensation, Cognition, and Constancy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199597277
eISBN:
9780191741883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199597277.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

This chapter argues that whereas perceptual experience is underconstant in one sense, it is virtually constant insofar as it is functionally stable and predictable. The possibility of distinguishing ... More


Unpacking Cognitive Search: Mechanisms and Processes

Thorsten Pachur, Jeroen G. W. Raaijmakers, Eddy J. Davelaar, Nathaniel D. Daw, Michael R. Dougherty, Bernhard Hommel, Michael D. Lee, Sean M. Polyn, K. Richard Ridderinkhof, Peter M. Todd, and Jeremy M. Wolfe

in Cognitive Search: Evolution, Algorithms, and the Brain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262018098
eISBN:
9780262306003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018098.003.0015
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

This chapter discusses commonalities and differences in the cognitive mechanisms underlying different search tasks, such as spatial search, visual search, memory retrieval, action search, problem ... More


Self‐Representationalism and the Science of Consciousness

Uriah Kriegel

in Subjective Consciousness: A Self-Representational Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199570355
eISBN:
9780191721625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570355.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

There are two major scientific questions surrounding consciousness: the neural correlate of consciousness and the function of consciousness. This chapter derives specific hypotheses about the neural ... More


The Aesthetic Faculty

Terrence Deacon

in The Artful Mind: Cognitive Science and the Riddle of Human Creativity

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195306361
eISBN:
9780199851034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306361.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter offers an overview of the cognitive principles of art, the origins of art, and the cognitive function of art. Art is an activity that arises in the context of human cultural and ... More


Is there a Sense of Agency for Thought?

Joëlle Proust

in Mental Actions

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199225989
eISBN:
9780191710339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225989.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Does awareness of agency entitle a subject to believe that she is performing a mental action? Two sorts of fact suggest a sceptical answer: the conflicting intuitions of normal (unimpaired) thinkers, ... More


Conversational metacognition

Joëlle Proust

in Embodied Communication in Humans and Machines

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199231751
eISBN:
9780191696527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231751.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses the attempt to create a link between embodied communication and psychological and philosophical theories of metacognition. To establish this link a general definition of ... More


Status of Nonhuman Memory Monitoring and Possible Roles in Planning and Decision Making

Robert R. Hampton

in Animal Thinking: Contemporary Issues in Comparative Cognition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016636
eISBN:
9780262298988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016636.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In this chapter, the concept of monitored and unmonitored memory and cognition is introduced, and behavioral as well as neurobiological findings are used to link the application of these concepts in ... More


Planning, Memory, and Decision Making

Amanda Seed, Nicola Clayton, Peter Carruthers, Anthony Dickinson, Paul W. Glimcher, Onur Güntürkün, Robert R. Hampton, Alex Kacelnik, Murray Shanahan, Jeffrey R. Stevens, and Sabine Tebbich

in Animal Thinking: Contemporary Issues in Comparative Cognition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016636
eISBN:
9780262298988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016636.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter is motivated by the following questions: What sorts of information do animals use to make decisions, and what mechanisms underpin the actions of different animal species in different ... More


Cooperation in Nonhuman Primates: Function and Cognition

Dorothy L. Cheney

in Animal Thinking: Contemporary Issues in Comparative Cognition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016636
eISBN:
9780262298988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016636.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

It has long been hypothesized that the demands of establishing and maintaining social relationships in complex societies place strong selective pressures on cognition and intelligence. What has been ... More


Prediction Error Minimization, Mental and Developmental Disorder, and Statistical Theories of Consciousness

Jakob Hohwy

in Disturbed Consciousness: New Essays on Psychopathology and Theories of Consciousness

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029346
eISBN:
9780262330213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029346.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Jakob Hohwy seeks to recover an approach to consciousness from a general theory of brain function, namely the prediction error minimization theory. The way this theory applies to mental and ... More


The Opacity of Mind: An Integrative Theory of Self-Knowledge

Peter Carruthers

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199596195
eISBN:
9780191731549
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596195.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

It is widely believed in philosophy that people have privileged and authoritative access to their own thoughts, and many theories have been proposed to explain this supposed fact. This book ... More


Moral Motivation and Metacognition

Mark Rowlands

in Can Animals Be Moral?

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199842001
eISBN:
9780199979844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199842001.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

The other difference that effective critical scrutiny of motivations brings is an alteration in the cognitive structure of motivation. This takes the form of metacognition: higher-order thoughts ... More


Foundations of Metacognition

Michael J. Beran, Johannes Brandl, Josef Perner, and Joëlle Proust (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199646739
eISBN:
9780191745867
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646739.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Metacognition has been described as ‘thinking about thinking’, and metacognition research has become a rapidly growing field of interdisciplinary research in the cognitive sciences. There have been ... More


Thoughts about Thoughts: The Control versus Noncontrol of Thinking

Wilma Koutstaal

in The Agile Mind

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195367188
eISBN:
9780199918232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367188.003.0037
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on levels of cognitive control versus noncontrol (e.g., spontaneity, automaticity) with respect to a person's “thoughts about thoughts”, involving higher level beliefs about ... More


Dissociation Data

Peter Carruthers

in The Opacity of Mind: An Integrative Theory of Self-Knowledge

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199596195
eISBN:
9780191731549
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596195.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines one of the main predictions made by all forms of inner sense theory. This is that there should exist dissociations between capacities for self-knowledge and for other-knowledge, ... More


Inner Sense Theories

Peter Carruthers

in The Opacity of Mind: An Integrative Theory of Self-Knowledge

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199596195
eISBN:
9780191731549
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596195.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The goal of this chapter is to explain and provide a preliminary evaluation of so-called “inner sense” accounts of self-knowledge, contrasting them with the interpretive sensory-access (ISA) theory. ... More


Metacognition and Control

Peter Carruthers

in The Opacity of Mind: An Integrative Theory of Self-Knowledge

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199596195
eISBN:
9780191731549
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596195.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines predictions made by inner sense theories that derive from the supposed control functions of inner sense, contrasting them with the predictions of the interpretive sensory-access ... More


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