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What Does It Take to Be Human?: Lessons From High School Algebra

John R. Anderson

in How Can the Human Mind Occur in the Physical Universe?

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195324259
eISBN:
9780199786671
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195324259.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

Much of our cognitive architecture we share with other primates. The unique feature of the human mind is the ability to acquire nearly arbitrary competences that were not anticipated in our ... More


Mindfulness and Irrational Beliefs

David I. Mellinger

in Rational and Irrational Beliefs: Research, Theory, and Clinical Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195182231
eISBN:
9780199870684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182231.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter discusses metacognitions from the vantage points of Buddhist psychology and cognitive behavior theory, and also metacognitive therapy strategies based on CBT and mindfulness practice are ... More


The Spotlight: Attention, Absorption, and The Construction of Reality

Bernard J. Baars

in In the Theater of Consciousness: The Workspace of the Mind

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195102659
eISBN:
9780199864126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195102659.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter begins with a discussion of the difference between attention and consciousness. It then considers voluntary attention and metacognition, metacognition and overload, absorption and ... More


Constant Enough: On the Kinds of Perceptual Constancy Worth Having

Frank H. Durgin, Anna J. Ruff, and Robert C. Russell

in Visual Experience: Sensation, Cognition, and Constancy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199597277
eISBN:
9780191741883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199597277.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

This chapter argues that whereas perceptual experience is underconstant in one sense, it is virtually constant insofar as it is functionally stable and predictable. The possibility of distinguishing ... More


Unpacking Cognitive Search: Mechanisms and Processes

Thorsten Pachur, Jeroen G. W. Raaijmakers, Eddy J. Davelaar, Nathaniel D. Daw, Michael R. Dougherty, Bernhard Hommel, Michael D. Lee, Sean M. Polyn, K. Richard Ridderinkhof, Peter M. Todd, and Jeremy M. Wolfe

in Cognitive Search: Evolution, Algorithms, and the Brain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262018098
eISBN:
9780262306003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018098.003.0015
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

This chapter discusses commonalities and differences in the cognitive mechanisms underlying different search tasks, such as spatial search, visual search, memory retrieval, action search, problem ... More


Self‐Representationalism and the Science of Consciousness

Uriah Kriegel

in Subjective Consciousness: A Self-Representational Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199570355
eISBN:
9780191721625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570355.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

There are two major scientific questions surrounding consciousness: the neural correlate of consciousness and the function of consciousness. This chapter derives specific hypotheses about the neural ... More


Is there a Sense of Agency for Thought?

Joëlle Proust

in Mental Actions

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199225989
eISBN:
9780191710339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225989.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Does awareness of agency entitle a subject to believe that she is performing a mental action? Two sorts of fact suggest a sceptical answer: the conflicting intuitions of normal (unimpaired) thinkers, ... More


The Aesthetic Faculty

Terrence Deacon

in The Artful Mind: Cognitive Science and the Riddle of Human Creativity

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195306361
eISBN:
9780199851034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306361.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter offers an overview of the cognitive principles of art, the origins of art, and the cognitive function of art. Art is an activity that arises in the context of human cultural and ... More


Conversational metacognition

Joëlle Proust

in Embodied Communication in Humans and Machines

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199231751
eISBN:
9780191696527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231751.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses the attempt to create a link between embodied communication and psychological and philosophical theories of metacognition. To establish this link a general definition of ... More


Status of Nonhuman Memory Monitoring and Possible Roles in Planning and Decision Making

Robert R. Hampton

in Animal Thinking: Contemporary Issues in Comparative Cognition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016636
eISBN:
9780262298988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016636.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In this chapter, the concept of monitored and unmonitored memory and cognition is introduced, and behavioral as well as neurobiological findings are used to link the application of these concepts in ... More


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