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In Search of Madness: Schizophrenia and Neuroscience

R. Walter Heinrichs

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195122190
eISBN:
9780199865482
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195122190.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This book evaluates the progress of schizophrenia science by summarizing what is known about how patients with the illness differ from healthy people. The tools of meta-analysis are first explained ... More


Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis

Julia H. Littell, Jacqueline Corcoran, and Vijayan Pillai

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195326543
eISBN:
9780199864959
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326543.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This book aims to make familiar current methods and standards for research synthesis. It describes systematic reviews and meta-analyses, with numerous examples relevant to social work practice and ... More


Finding and Evaluating Evidence: Systematic Reviews and Evidence-Based Practice

Denise E. Bronson and Tamara S. Davis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195337365
eISBN:
9780199918201
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195337365.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Evidence-based practice (EBP) promises to have a profound impact on social work practice, education, and scholarship, but adopting EBP depends on the availability of evidence to support this ... More


Meta-Analysis, Decision Analysis, and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Diana B. Petitti

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195133646
eISBN:
9780199863761
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133646.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book is an introduction to three methods of quantitative synthesis—meta-analysis, decision analysis, and cost-effectiveness analysis. These methods are used widely to summarize information in ... More


Making Sense of Data: A Self-Instruction Manual on the Interpretation of Epidemiological Data

J. H. Abramson and Z. H. Abramson

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195145250
eISBN:
9780199864775
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195145250.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book on the use of epidemiologic data deals with the basic concepts and skills needed for the appraisal of published reports or one's own findings. Applications in clinical medicine, public ... More


Meta-analyses and Systematic Reviews

Curtis L. Meinert

in An Insider’s Guide to Clinical Trials

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199742967
eISBN:
9780199897278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199742967.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

A meta-analysis is an analysis using either aggregate results or individual patient data from published trials. It is done to provide a more comprehensive and informative view of results than is ... More


Assessing current sustainability of use

E. J. Milner-Gulland and Marcus Rowcliffe

in Conservation and Sustainable Use: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198530367
eISBN:
9780191713095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530367.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter shows how data of the types discussed in Chapters 1 and 2 can be analysed to give an indication of sustainability in the present. A wide range of possible indicator variables is ... More


Cognitive and Motivational Functions of the Human Prefrontal Cortex

Jared X. Van Snellenberg and Tor D. Wager

in Luria's Legacy in the 21st Century

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195176704
eISBN:
9780199864706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176704.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

The decades since Luria's seminal work in neuropsychology have brought tremendous advances in the understanding of prefrontal cortex (PFC) function. This chapter reviews meta-analytic, functional ... More


The Effect of Common Currencies on International Trade: A Meta-Analysis

Andrew K. Rose

in Monetary Unions and Hard Pegs: Effects on Trade, Financial Development, and Stability

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271405
eISBN:
9780191601200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271402.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Nineteen recent studies have already investigated the effect of currency union on trade, resulting in 383 point estimates of the effect. In an attempt to summarize the current state of the debate, ... More


Consequences of species loss for ecosystem functioning: meta-analyses of data from biodiversity experiments

Bernhard Schmid, Patricia Balvanera, Bradley J. Cardinale, Jasmin Godbold, Andrea B. Pfisterer, David Raffaelli, Martin Solan, and Diane S. Srivastava

in Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547951
eISBN:
9780191720345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547951.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

A large number of studies have now explicitly examined the relationship between species loss and ecosystem function. Analyzed by two independent groups, the results from such experiments show that ... More


Two methods for comparing genomic data across independent studies in cancer research: Meta-analysis and oncomine concepts map

Wendy Lockwood Banka, Matthew J. Anstett, and Daniel R. Rhodes

in Statistics and Informatics in Molecular Cancer Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199532872
eISBN:
9780191714467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532872.003.0007
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Biostatistics

This chapter presents an overview of two methods used to compare microarray data across datasets in Oncomine: Meta-analysis and Oncomine Concepts Map. Both approaches begin with differential ... More


Evaluation of Risks, Decision Making, and Outcomes

Leslie R. Martin, Kelly B. Haskard-Zolnierek, and M. Robin DiMatteo

in Health Behavior Change and Treatment Adherence: Evidence-based Guidelines for Improving Healthcare

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195380408
eISBN:
9780199864454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380408.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Few people conduct a truly thorough and thoughtful evaluation of the evidence before they make a health-related decision. This chapter describes and evaluates strategies for making decisions based on ... More


The Developmental Relations between Perspective Taking and Prosocial Behaviors: A Meta-Analytic Examination of the Task-Specificity Hypothesis

Gustavo Carlo, George P. Knight, Meredith McGinley, Rebecca Goodvin, and Scott C. Roesch

in Self- and Social-Regulation: Exploring the Relations Between Social Interaction, Social Understanding, and the Development of Executive Functions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195327694
eISBN:
9780199776962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327694.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Given the multidimensional nature of both perspective taking and prosocial behaviors, the authors advance an information processing position that attending to characteristics of tasks used to assess ... More


Introduction and Overview

Jacqueline Corcoran

in Mental Health Treatment for Children and Adolescents

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195375718
eISBN:
9780199865529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375718.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Health and Mental Health

This chapter explores the definition of evidence-based practice and lays out the frameworks that will be used to evaluate the research on child and adolescent treatment. These include the American ... More


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Jacqueline Corcoran

in Mental Health Treatment for Children and Adolescents

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195375718
eISBN:
9780199865529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375718.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Health and Mental Health

In the U.S. the prevalence rate for the diagnosis of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents is nearly 8%, and worldwide rates are 5%. This chapter reviews the ... More


Introduction

Julia H. Littell, Jacqueline Corcoran, and Vijayan Pillai

in Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195326543
eISBN:
9780199864959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326543.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter defines and compares systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Systematic reviews carefully locate relevant evidence and appraise study qualities, while meta-analyses provide quantitative ... More


Conclusions

Julia H. Littell, Jacqueline Corcoran, and Vijayan Pillai

in Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195326543
eISBN:
9780199864959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326543.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter considers issues that affect the interpretation of results of systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Plain language summaries can be developed to present results in ways that are both ... More


Investigating the Evidence

James C. Raines

in Evidence-Based Practice in School Mental Health

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195366266
eISBN:
9780199864027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366266.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Research and Evaluation

This chapter aims to teach practitioners how to search efficiently and effectively for the best available evidence. There are three major clearinghouses for systematic reviews: the What Works ... More


Reviews – using the literature to your advantage

Quinette Louw and Karen Grimmer-Somers

in Sports Injury Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199561629
eISBN:
9780191722479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561629.003.07
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

While there are a lot of descriptive studies on sports injuries available for a variety of sports, there is not always a need to conduct a new descriptive study. Instead available study results can ... More


Transnational Research

Tony Tripodi and Miriam Potocky-Tripodi

in International Social Work Research: Issues and Prospects

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195187250
eISBN:
9780199864850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187250.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter defines transnational research as comparative research between populations of two or more countries; and the use of literature across populations in formulating the research problem and ... More


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