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Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Andrew Mason

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

‘Equality of opportunity for all’ is a fine piece of political rhetoric but the ideal that lies behind it is slippery. Some see it as an alternative to a more robust form of egalitarianism, whilst ... More


A World History of Ancient Political Thought

Antony Black

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199281695
eISBN:
9780191713101
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199281695.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book examines the political thought of Egypt, Mesopotamia, Israel, Iran, India, China, Greece, Rome, and early Christianity from prehistory to c.200 CE. The most common discourse was sacred ... More


Conclusion

Gordon Marshall, Adam Swift, and Stephen Roberts

in Against the Odds?: Social Class and Social Justice in Industrial Societies

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198292401
eISBN:
9780191684913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198292401.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter discusses the possible contributions of this book in answering various questions related to the issues of meritocracy, social class, social justice, and education. It has clarified the ... More


The Active Leverage of the European Union

Milada Anna Vachudova

in Europe Undivided: Democracy, Leverage, and Integration After Communism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199241194
eISBN:
9780191602382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241198.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter presents a theoretical framework for the EU’s active leverage, defined as the EU’s deliberate efforts to promote reform in candidate states moving towards EU membership. Active leverage ... More


Opportunities, Little Change: Class Mobility in Israeli Society, 1974–91

Meir Yaish

in Social Mobility in Europe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199258451
eISBN:
9780191601491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258457.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Engages with the long lasting debate in sociology concerning the consequences of industrialization process for social mobility. It is argued that Israeli society provides one of the most adequate ... More


Conclusions

Richard Breen and Ruud Luijkx

in Social Mobility in Europe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199258451
eISBN:
9780191601491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258457.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Summarizes the findings of the previous 12 empirical chapters and discusses issues in the development of explanatory theories of social mobility. The chapter also addresses two sorts of explanation ... More


Class Transformation and Trends in Social Fluidity in the Republic of Ireland 1973–94

Richard Layte and Christopher T. Whelan

in Social Mobility in Europe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199258451
eISBN:
9780191601491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258457.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The Irish case provides a particularly appropriate test of the consequences for social mobility of economic growth and, in particular, of the hypothesis of increasing merit selection. This is so not ... More


Trends in Intergenerational Class Mobility in Britain in the Late Twentieth Century

John H. Goldthorpe

in Social Mobility in Europe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199258451
eISBN:
9780191601491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258457.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Analyses trends in intergenerational class mobility in Britain between the early 1970s and the early 1990s on the basis of data from the General Household Survey. Over this period there was little ... More


The Language of Globalization: Meritocracy, Productivity, and the Persistence of Caste-Based Stereotypes among Indian Employers

Katherine S. Newman and Surinder S. Jodhka

in Discrimination in an Unequal World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199732166
eISBN:
9780199866144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732166.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines employer attitudes in the formal sector in India. It presents the results from a qualitative pilot study based on a convenience sample of twenty-five human resources (HR) ... More


Harmonizing Aristocracy and Meritocracy

Holloway Kenneth W.

in Guodian: The Newly Discovered Seeds of Chinese Religious and Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195371451
eISBN:
9780199870653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371451.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter discusses the social implications of unity in Guodian texts. It also discusses the application of unity to the question of royal succession by arguing that “Tang Yu zhidao” and “The Five ... More


The Sun Also Rises and “Mobilization Wounds”: Emasculation, Joke Fronts, Military School Wannabes, and Postwar Jewish Quotas

Keith Gandal

in The Gun and the Pen: Hemingway, Fitzgerald, Faulkner and the Fiction of Mobilization

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195338911
eISBN:
9780199867127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195338911.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory, American, 20th Century Literature

This chapter turns to Hemingway's The Sun Also Rises and discusses its plot and characters in terms of the wartime meritocratic mobilization and the postwar development of Jewish quotas at ... More


The China Model: Political Meritocracy and the Limits of Democracy

Daniel A. Bell

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691173047
eISBN:
9781400865505
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691173047.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

Westerners tend to divide the political world into “good” democracies and “bad” authoritarian regimes, but the Chinese political model does not fit neatly in either category. Over the past three ... More


Origins and Destinations

Christopher Hilliard

in English as a Vocation: The 'Scrutiny' Movement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199695171
eISBN:
9780199949946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695171.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter provides an anatomy of the Downing English School. It reconstructs the undergraduate population from 1932 until Leavis's retirement in 1962 using archival records and establishes the ... More


The New Competition

Phillip Brown, Anthony Hesketh, and Sara Williams

in The Mismanagement of Talent: Employability and Jobs in the Knowledge Economy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199269532
eISBN:
9780191699412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269532.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR, Political Economy

Today, it is important for organizations to get the right people with the right knowledge into the jobs that suit them best to attain success. The rise of new technologies led to a major revision in ... More


Social Justice Revisited

Gordon Marshall, Adam Swift, and Stephen Roberts

in Against the Odds?: Social Class and Social Justice in Industrial Societies

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198292401
eISBN:
9780191684913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198292401.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter discusses the issues of merit in relation to social justice. It suggests that the justification of class-related inequalities that appeals to the necessity of incentives can be ... More


The Rise and Fall of Social Cohesion: The Construction and De-construction of Social Trust in the US, UK, Sweden and Denmark

Christian Albrekt Larsen

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199681846
eISBN:
9780191761683
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199681846.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The book explores how social cohesion can be established and demolished. Examples given are the US and UK, where social cohesion (measured as trust in unknown fellow citizens) declined in the latter ... More


Culture and Anxiety

Alan Ryan

in The Making of Modern Liberalism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148403
eISBN:
9781400841950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148403.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

In this chapter, the author reflects on culture and what he calls “liberal anxieties.” He begins with a little autobiography, mentioning his education to make a general point about the idea of ... More


Critical Thinking: Reading Urban Fiction with Students

Amy Brown

in A Good Investment?: Philanthropy and the Marketing of Race in an Urban Public School

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780816691128
eISBN:
9781452952383
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816691128.003.0007
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter details the author attempted an activist intervention during the summer following her first year of teacher-research at College Preparatory Academy. It explores the author’s ideas for ... More


The New Social Mobility: How the Politicians Got it Wrong

Geoff Payne

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781447310662
eISBN:
9781447310686
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447310662.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

Despite Britain in fact being a highly, if unevenly, mobile society, politicians, think-tanks and the media continue to call for ‘more social mobility’, moving it up the political agenda. Their ... More


The Dynamics of Friendship

Vivienne J. Gray

in Xenophon's Mirror of Princes: Reading the Reflections

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199563814
eISBN:
9780191724954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563814.003.0007
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Chapter 6 investigates Xenophon's views on friendship, particularly his equation of friendship between rulers and followers with those of more apparently equal status, and the methods used to ... More


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